Died on October 24

996 Hugh Capet the first "King of the Franks" of the House of Capet from his election in 987 until his death. He succeeded the last Carolingian king, Louis V
1168 William IV Count of Nevers Auxerre and Tonnerre.
1375 Valdemar IV of Denmark King of Denmark from 1340 to 1375.
1441 Adolf Duke of Bavaria a German nobleman. He was a Duke of Bavaria-Munich in the House of Wittelsbach
1535 Francesco II Sforza Duke of Milan from 1521 until his death. He was the last member of the Sforza family to rule Milan
1537 Jane Seymour Queen of England from 1536 to 1537 as the third wife of King Henry VIII. She succeeded Anne Boleyn as queen consort following the latter's execution for high treason, incest and adultery in May 1536. She died of postnatal complications less than two weeks after the birth of her only child, a son who reigned as Edward She was the only one of Henry's wives to receive a queen's funeral, and his only consort to be buried beside him in George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. She was the only wife of Henry VIII whose son survived infancy
1550 Louis of Valois the second son and fourth child of Henry II , King of France and his wife, Catherine de' Medici, daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino and his wife Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne. He died aged eleven months
1572 Edward Stanley 3rd Earl of Derby an English nobleman.
1579 Albert V Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria from 1550 until his death. He was born in Munich to William IV and Marie Jacobaea of Baden
1601 Tycho Brahe a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. He was born in Scania, then part of Denmark, now part of modern-day Sweden. Tycho was well known in his lifetime as an astronomer, astrologer and alchemist, and has been described more recently as "the first competent mind in modern astronomy to feel ardently the passion for exact empirical facts."
1625 Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Altenburg a member of the Ernestine branche of the House of Wettin and a Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. Friedrich is sometimes called "Friedrich the younger" to distinguish him from Prince Frederick of Saxe-Weimar, as they were both called "Friedrich of Saxe-Weimar"
1633 Jean Titelouze a French composer, poet and organist of the early Baroque period. His style was firmly rooted in the Renaissance vocal tradition, and as such was far removed from the distinctly French style of organ music that developed during the mid-17th century. However, his hymns and Magnificat settings are the earliest known published French organ collections, and he is regarded as the first composer of the French organ school
1635 Wilhelm Schickard a German professor of Hebrew and Astronomy who became famous in the second part of the 20th century after Franz Hammer, a biographer of Johannes Kepler, claimed that the drawings of a calculating clock, predating the public release of Pascal's calculator by twenty years, had been discovered in two unknown letters written by Schickard to Johannes Kepler in 1623 and 1624.
1655 Pierre Gassendi a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church position in south-east France, he also spent much time in Paris, where he was a leader of a group of free-thinking intellectuals. He was also an active observational scientist, publishing the first data on the transit of Mercury in 1631. The lunar crater Gassendi is named after him
1667 Gabriël Metsu a Dutch painter of history paintings, still lifes, portraits and exquisite genre works. He was "a highly eclectic artist, who did not adhere to a consistent style, technique, or one type of subject for long periods." Only 14 of his 133 works are dated
1667 Godefroy Wendelin a Flemish astronomer who was born in Herk-de-Stad. He is also known by the Latin name Vendelinus. His name is sometimes given as Godefroy Wendelin; his first name spelt Godefroid or Gottfried
1669 William Prynne an English lawyer, author, polemicist, and political figure. He was a prominent Puritan opponent of the church policy of the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud. Although his views on church polity were presbyterian, he became known in the 1640s as an Erastian, arguing for overall state control of religious matters. A prolific writer, he published over 200 books and pamphlets
1672 John Webb (architect) an English architect and scholar.
1684 Duchess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp as the spouse of Duke Friedrich III of Holstein-Gottorp.
1689 Adolph John I Count Palatine of Kleeburg Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1654 until 1689 and was considered Prince of Sweden until 1660.
1733 Henrietta Godolphin 2nd Duchess of Marlborough the daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, general of the army, and Sarah Jennings, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend and business manager of Queen Anne.
1736 Carl Gustaf Armfeldt a Swedish officer, general and friherre who took part in the Great Northern War.
1760 Giuseppe Maria Orlandini an Italian baroque composer particularly known for his more than 40 operas and intermezzos. Highly regarded by music historians of his day like Francesco Saverio Quadrio, Jean-Benjamin de La Borde and Charles Burney, Orlandini, along with Vivaldi, is considered one of the major creators of the new style of opera that dominated the second decade of the 18th century
1788 François-Jean de Chastellux a military officer who served during the War of American Independence as a major general in the French expeditionary forces led by general Comte de Rochambeau. Being on general Rochambeau's staff for the duration of the war, Chastellux acted as the principal liaison officer between the French commander in chief and George Washington. However the Chevalier de Chastellux was also widely recognized, at the time of his campaigns in America, as a highly talented man of letters and a member of the Académie française
1793 Charles Eugene Duke of Württemberg the eldest son of Duke Karl I Alexander and Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis.
1799 Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf an Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist.
1802 Ludovico Manin the last Doge of Venice. He governed Venice from 9 March 1789 until 1797, when he was forced to abdicate by Napoleon Bonaparte
1809 Joseph Aloys Schmittbaur a German composer, Kapellmeister, instrument maker and music teacher.
1812 Alexis Joseph Delzons a French general of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was killed in the battle of Maloyaroslavets
1821 Elias Boudinot a lawyer and statesman from Elizabeth, New Jersey who was a delegate to the Continental Congress and served as President of Congress from 1782 to 1783. He was elected as a U.S. Congressman for New Jersey following the American Revolutionary War. He was appointed by President George Washington as Director of the United States Mint, serving from 1795 until 1805
1824 André Thouin a French botanist born in Paris. His younger brother, Gabriel Thouin , was a noted landscape architect
1826 Ann Hasseltine Judson one of the first female American foreign missionaries.
1829 Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1761–1829) the first Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage.
1841 Lev of Optina a venerable elder of Optina Monastery and a founder of Optina's eldership.
1842 Bernardo O'Higgins a Chilean independence leader who, together with José de San Martín, freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence. Although he was the second Supreme Director of Chile , he is considered one of Chile's founding fathers, as he was the first holder of this title to head a fully independent Chilean state. O'Higgins was of Spanish and Irish ancestry
1847 James MacCullagh an Irish mathematician.
1852 Henry Fynes Clinton an English classical scholar and chronologist.
1852 Daniel Webster a leading American senator and statesman during the era of the Second Party System. He was the outstanding spokesman for American nationalism with powerful oratory that made him a key Whig leader. He spoke for conservatives, and led the opposition to Democrat Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. He was a spokesman for modernization, banking, and industry, but not for the common people who composed the base of his opponents in Jacksonian Democracy. "He was a thoroughgoing elitist, and he reveled in it," says biographer Robert Remini. During his 40 years in national politics, Webster served in the House of Representatives for 10 years , in the Senate for 19 years , and was appointed the United States Secretary of State under three presidents
1853 Louis Joseph Lahure a general from the Southern Netherlands in the service of the First French Republic and First French Empire. He was the son of Nicolas Lahure and Marie-Thérèse du Buisson. His name is inscribed on the Arc de triomphe in Paris
1855 Henryka Beyer a German painter active in Poland. The youngest sister of Wilhelm Henryk Minter, an architect
1860 Élie duc Decazes a French statesman, known from 1815 to 1820 as 1st comte Decazes in France, 1st Duke of Glücksbierg in Denmark in 1818, and 1st duc Decazes in France in 1820.
1864 James J. Archer a lawyer and an officer in the United States Army during the Mexican-American War. He later served as a Brigadier General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War
1868 Adalbert Schnizlein a German botanist and pharmacist. He is largely remembered for his work in the fields of plant taxonomy and phytogeography
1869 Joseph Jackson Lister an amateur British opticist and physicist and the father of Joseph Lister.
1870 Anthony Mary Claret a Catalan Spanish Roman Catholic archbishop and missionary, and was confessor of Isabella II of Spain. He founded the congregation of Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, commonly called the Claretians
1871 Julius Theodor Christian Ratzeburg a German zoologist, botanist, entomologist, and forester.
1875 Raffaello Carboni an Italian revolutionary and writer. He is primarily remembered now as the author of the main eyewitness account of events at the Eureka Stockade in Ballarat, Australia
1875 Jacques Paul Migne a French priest who published inexpensive and widely distributed editions of theological works, encyclopedias and the texts of the Church Fathers, with the goal of providing a universal library for the Catholic priesthood.
1878 Karl Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the second Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Karl was the eldest son of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel and an elder brother of Christian IX of Denmark. Karl ascended to the throne of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg upon his father's death on 27 February 1831
1886 Aleksandr Potapov a Russian statesman.