October 24 events in history

69 Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius
1147 After a siege of four months crusader knights led by Afonso Henriques reconquered Lisbon
1260 The Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site
1260 Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself
1360 The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War
1590 John White, the governor of the second Roanoke Colony, returns to England after an unsuccessful search for the "lost" colonists
1648 The Peace of Westphalia is signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years' War
1795 Partitions of Poland: The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth is completely divided among Austria, Prussia, and Russia
1812 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow
1851 William Lassell, discovers the moons Umbriel, and Ariel, orbiting Uranus
1857 Sheffield F.C., the world's oldest association football club still in operation, is founded in Sheffield, England
1861 The First Transcontinental Telegraph line across the United States is completed, spelling the end for the 18-month-old Pony Express
1901 Annie Edson Taylor becomes the first person to go over Niagara Falls, in a barrel
1911 Orville Wright, remains in the air nine minutes and 45 seconds in a Wright Glider, at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina
1912 First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo concludes with the Serbian victory
1917 Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat by the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany on the Austro-Italian front of World War I (lasts until 19 November - also called Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo)
1926 Harry Houdini's last performance, which is at the Garrick Theater in Detroit
1929 "Black Thursday" stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange
1930 A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas is then installed as "provisional president."
1931 The George Washington Bridge opens to public traffic
1943 The Provisional Government of Free India formally declared war on Britain and the United States of America
1944 World War II: The Japanese aircraft carrier Zuikaku and the battleship Japanese battleship Musashi are sunk by American aircraft in the Battle of Leyte Gulf
1945 Founding of the United Nations
1946 A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the first photograph of earth from outer space
1947 Walt Disney testifies before the House Un-American Activities Committee, naming Disney employees he believes to be communists
1949 The cornerstone of the United Nations Headquarters is laid
1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States support to South Vietnam
1957 The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program
1960 Nedelin catastrophe: An R-16 ballistic missile explodes on the launch pad at the Soviet Union's Baikonur Cosmodrome space facility, killing over 100. Among the dead is Field Marshal Mitrofan Nedelin, whose death is reported to have occurred in a plane crash
1964 Northern Rhodesia gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes the Republic of Zambia (Southern Rhodesia remained a colony until the next year, with the Unilateral Declaration of Independence)
1973 Yom Kippur War ends
1977 Veterans Day is observed on the fourth Monday in October for the seventh and last time. (The holiday is once again observed on November 11 beginning the following year.)
1980 The government of Poland legalizes the Solidarity trade union
1986 Nezar Hindawi is sentenced to 45 years in prison, the longest sentence handed down by a British court, for the attempted bombing on an El Al flight at Heathrow. After the verdict, the United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, claiming that Hindawi is helped by Syrian officials
1990 Italian prime minister Giulio Andreotti reveals to the Italian parliament the existence of Gladio, the Italian "stay-behind" clandestine paramilitary NATO army, which was implicated in false flag terrorist attacks implicating communists and anarchists as part of the strategy of tension from the late 1960s to early 1980s
1992 The Toronto Blue Jays become the first Major League Baseball team based outside the United States to win the World Series
1998 Launch of Deep Space 1 comet/asteroid mission
2002 Police arrest spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks in the area around Washington, D.C
2003 Concorde makes its last commercial flight
2004 Arsenal Football Club loses to Manchester United, ending a row of unbeaten matches at 49 matches, which is the record in the Premier League
2005 Hurricane Wilma makes landfall in Florida resulting in 35 direct 26 indirect fatalities and causing $20.6B USD in damage
2007 Chang'e 1, the first satellite in the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program, is launched from Xichang Satellite Launch Center
2008 "Bloody Friday" saw many of the world's stock exchanges experience the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices
2014 A school shooting takes place in the cafeteria of Marysville Pilchuck High School
2014 The China National Space Administration launches an experimental lunar mission, Chang'e 5-T1, which will loop behind the Moon and return to Earth