Died on October 25

625 Pope Boniface V Pope from 23 December 619 to his death in 625. He did much for the Christianising of England and enacted the decree by which churches became places of refuge for criminals
686 Prince Ōtsu a Japanese poet and the son of Emperor Temmu.
912 Rudolph I of Burgundy King of Burgundy from his election in 888 until his death.
1047 Magnus the Good the King of Norway from 1035 and King of Denmark from 1042, ruling over both countries until his death in 1047.
1154 Stephen King of England a grandson of William the Conqueror. He was King of England from 1135 to his death, and also the Count of Boulogne in right of his wife. Stephen's reign was marked by the Anarchy, a civil war with his cousin and rival, the Empress Matilda. He was succeeded by Matilda's son, Henry II, the first of the Angevin kings
1180 John of Salisbury an English author, educationalist, diplomat and bishop of Chartres, and was born at Salisbury.
1200 Conrad of Wittelsbach the Archbishop of Mainz and Archchancellor of Germany from 20 June 1161 to 1165 and again from 1183 to his death. He was also a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
1230 Gilbert de Clare 5th Earl of Gloucester the son of Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, from whom he inherited the Clare estates. He also inherited from his mother, Amice Fitz William, the estates of Gloucester and the honour of Hilary, and from Rohese, an ancestor, the moiety of the Giffard estates. In June 1202, he was entrusted with the lands of Harfleur and Montrevillers
1292 Robert Burnell an English bishop who served as Lord Chancellor of England from 1274 to 1292. A native of Shropshire, he served as a minor royal official before entering into the service of Prince Edward, the future King Edward I of England. When Edward went on the Eighth Crusade in 1270, Burnell stayed in England to secure the prince's interests. He served as regent after the death of King Henry III of England while Edward was still on crusade. He was twice elected Archbishop of Canterbury, but his personal life—which included a long-term mistress who was rumoured to have borne him four sons—prevented his confirmation by the papacy. In 1275 Burnell was elected Bishop of Bath and Wells, after Edward had appointed him Lord Chancellor in 1274
1349 James III of Majorca the King of Majorca from 1324 to 1344. He was the last independent king of Majorca of the Kingdom of Aragon
1359 Beatrice of Castile (1293–1359) Queen of Portugal by marriage and Infanta of Castile-León by birth. She was the wife of King Afonso IV of Portugal, and the youngest daughter of King Sancho IV of Castile and his Queen, María de Molina
1400 Geoffrey Chaucer widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to be buried in Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey. While he achieved fame during his lifetime as an author, philosopher, alchemist and astronomer, composing a scientific treatise on the astrolabe for his ten year-old son Lewis, Chaucer also maintained an active career in the civil service as a bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat. Among his many works, which include The Book of the Duchess, the House of Fame, the Legend of Good Women and Troilus and Criseyde, he is best known today for The Canterbury Tales. Chaucer is a crucial figure in developing the legitimacy of the vernacular, Middle English, at a time when the dominant literary languages in England were French and Latin
1415 Jean I Duke of Alençon a French nobleman, killed at the Battle of Agincourt.
1415 Waleran III Count of Ligny a French nobleman and soldier.
1415 Anthony Duke of Brabant Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg.
1415 Michael de la Pole 3rd Earl of Suffolk an English nobleman, the eldest son of Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk and Katherine de Stafford.
1415 Edward III Duke of Bar made Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson by his father Robert I, Duke of Bar in 1399 and held it until his death. He then became heir to the Duchy of Bar following the death of his elder brothers Henry and Philippe at or soon after the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396
1415 Edward of Norwich 2nd Duke of York the eldest son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, by his first wife Isabella of Castile, and the grandson of Edward III. He held significant appointments during the reigns of three monarchs Richard II, Henry IV, and Henry V, and was slain at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. He translated a hunting treatise, The Master of Game
1415 Philip II Count of Nevers the youngest son of Philip the Bold and Margaret III of Flanders.
1478 Catherine of Bosnia Queen of Bosnia as the wife of King Stephen Thomas. She was a daughter of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, Duke of Saint Sava. Her Bosnian name is often rendered Katarina Kosača or Kosača-Kotromanić; Bosnian in Cyrillic: Катарина Косача Котроманић
1492 Thaddeus McCarthy an Irish ecclesiastic. He was a bishop who never ruled his see, even though he was appointed to two of them: Bishop of Ross, Ireland in 1482 and Bishop of Cork and Cloyne in 1490. His feast day is 25 October
1495 John II of Portugal the king of Portugal and the Algarves in 1477/1481–1495.
1514 William Elphinstone a Scottish statesman, Bishop of Aberdeen and founder of the University of Aberdeen.
1557 William Cavendish (courtier) an English courtier. He was MP for Thirsk in 1547
1593 Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas a Spanish politician, diplomat, military officer and colonial official. He was the seventh governor-general of the Philippines from May or June 1, 1590 to October 25, 1593. The city of Dasmariñas, located 24 km south of Manila, was named after him. Dasmariñas was a member of the Order of Santiago
1604 Claude de La Trémoille a sixteenth-century French nobleman of the La Tremoille family. He was the son of Louis III de La Trémoille and his wife, Jeanne de Montmorency
1647 Evangelista Torricelli also known for his advances in optics.
1650 Franciscus Quaresmius an Italian writer and Orientalist.
1653 Théophraste Renaudot a French physician, philanthropist, and journalist. Mark Tungate has termed him the "first French journalist" and the "inventor of the personal ad"
1661 Lucas de Wael a Flemish painter, engraver and merchant. He was born in Antwerp and worked for some time in Genoa in Italy before returning to Antwerp, where he died
1683 William Scroggs merely a rumour.
1707 Gabriel III of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1702 to 1707.
1730 Johann Michael Rottmayr an Austrian painter. He was the first notable baroque painter north of Italy
1733 Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri an Italian Jesuit priest, scholastic philosopher, and mathematician.
1757 Antoine Augustin Calmet O.S.B. a French Benedictine monk, was born at Ménil-la-Horgne, then in the Duchy of Bar, part of the Holy Roman Empire
1760 George II of Great Britain King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death.
1761 Gioacchino Conti an Italian soprano castrato opera singer.
1773 Johann Georg Estor a German theorist of public law, historian and book collector. To his opinion the Roman Law is strange to the original German law-culture and must be considered as a foreign body
1787 Pasquale Cafaro an Italian composer who was particularly known for his operas and the significant amount of sacred music he produced, including oratorios, motets, and masses. He was also called Cafariello
1795 Francesco Uttini an Italian composer and conductor who was active mostly in Sweden.
1806 Henry Knox a military officer of the Continental Army and later the United States Army, and also served as the first United States Secretary of War.
1822 James Sowerby an English naturalist and illustrator. Contributions to published works, such as A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland or English Botany, include his detailed and appealing plates. The use of vivid colour and accessible texts were intended to reach a widening audience in works of natural history
1826 Philippe Pinel a French physician who was instrumental in the development of a more humane psychological approach to the custody and care of psychiatric patients, referred to today as moral therapy. He also made notable contributions to the classification of mental disorders and has been described by some as "the father of modern psychiatry". An 1809 description of a case that Pinel recorded in the second edition of a textbook on insanity is regarded as the earliest evidence for the existence of the form of mental disorder known as dementia praecox or schizophrenia in the 20th century by some although Kraeplin is accredited with its first conceptualisation
1833 Abbas Mirza a Qajar crown prince of Persia. He developed a reputation as a military commander during wars with Russia and the Ottoman Empire, as an early modernizer of Persia's armed forces and institutions, and for his death before his father, Fath Ali Shah. Abbas was an intelligent prince, possessed some literary taste, and is noteworthy on account of the comparative simplicity of his life
1843 Guillaume Capelle a French administrator and politician. He served under Napoleon and under the Bourbon Restoration. In 1830 he was briefly Minister of Public Works on the eve of the July Revolution
1844 Alexander Sauerweid a Baltic German painter who taught battle painting at the Russian Imperial Academy of Arts.
1844 Heinrich Cotta a German silviculturist who was a native of Kleine Zillbach, near Wasungen, Thuringia. He was founder of the Royal Saxon Academy of Forestry, in Tharandt, and is known as a pioneer of scientific forestry. He was the father of geologist Bernhard von Cotta
1845 Carel Hendrik Ver Huell a Dutch, and later French, admiral and statesman. He married Maria Johanna de Bruyn on 22 February 1789 at Hummelo, and had three sons with her
1846 Prince Teimuraz of Georgia a Georgian prince and scholar primarily known as an author of the first critical history in Georgian as well as for his work to popularize interest in the history and culture of Georgia and preserve its treasures.
1852 John C. Clark a United States Representative from New York.