Born on October 26

686 Eata of Hexham bishop of Lindisfarne from 678 until 685, and of Hexham from then until his death. He was the first native of Northumbria to take the bishopric of Lindisfarne
1416 Edmund Grey 1st Earl of Kent the son of Sir John Grey, KG and Constance Holland. His main residence was at Wrest near Silsoe Bedfordshire
1427 Sigismund Archduke of Austria a Habsburg archduke of Austria and ruler of Tirol from 1446 to 1490.
1431 Ercole I d'Este Duke of Ferrara Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505. He was a member of the House of Este. He was nicknamed North Wind and the Diamond
1474 Frederick of Saxony (Teutonic Knight) the 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1498-1510. He was the third son of Albert, Duke of Saxony, and Sidonie of Poděbrady, daughter of George of Podebrady
1491 Zhengde Emperor the Ming dynasty Emperor of China between 1505–1521. Born Zhu Houzhao, he was the Hongzhi Emperor's eldest son. His era name means "Right virtue" or "Rectification of virtue"
1507 Alvise I Mocenigo There were three Doges, and many other prominent Venetians, called Alvise Mocenigo. Alvise I Mocenigo was doge of Venice from 1570 to 1577
1551 Charlotte de Sauve a French noblewoman and a mistress of King Henry of Navarre, who later ruled as King Henry IV of France. She was a member of Queen Mother Catherine de' Medici's notorious "Flying Squadron" , a group of beautiful female spies and informants recruited to seduce important men at Court, and thereby extract information to pass on to the Queen Mother
1564 Hans Leo Hassler a German composer and organist of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras, elder brother of composer Jakob Hassler. He was born in Nuremberg and died in Frankfurt am Main
1609 William Sprague (1609–1675) left England on the ship Lyon's Whelp for Plymouth/Salem Massachusetts. He was originally from Upwey, near Weymouth, Dorset, England
1611 Antonio Coello a Spanish dramatist and poet. He entered the household of the duke de Albuquerque, and after some years of service in the army received the order of Santiago in 1648. He was a favorite of Philip IV, who is reported to have collaborated with him; this rumour is not confirmed, but there is ample proof of Coellos collaboration with Calderón, Rojas Zorrilla, Solis and Velez de Guevara, the most distinguished dramatists of the age. The best of his original plays, Los Empenos de seis horas, has been wrongly ascribed to Calderón; it was adapted by Samuel Tuke, under the title of The Adventures of Five Hours, and was described by Pepys as superior to Othello. - It is an excellent example of stagecraft and animated dialogue. Coello died on 20 October 1652, shortly after his nomination to a post in the household of Philip IV
1624 Dosoftei a Moldavian Metropolitan, scholar, poet and translator.
1625 Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble and magnate. He is sometimes referred to as the first Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł, to distinguish him from the other member of his family to use the name
1631 Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch a cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, Archbishop of Kalocsa and later of Gran, or Esztergom, and Primate of Hungary. Also a count of the Holy Roman Empire, he was a leading figure of the Hungarian Counter-reformation
1645 Aert de Gelder a Dutch painter.
1657 Philipp Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt a German prince. He was a member of the House of Wettin
1673 Dimitrie Cantemir twice Prince of Moldavia. He was also a prolific man of letters – philosopher, historian, composer, musicologist, linguist, ethnographer, and geographer
1684 Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, one of the leading commanders under Frederick the Great.
1685 Domenico Scarlatti an Italian composer who spent much of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families. He is classified primarily as a Baroque composer chronologically, although his music was influential in the development of the Classical style and he was one of the few Baroque composers to transition into the classical period. Like his renowned father Alessandro Scarlatti, he composed in a variety of musical forms, although today he is known mainly for his 555 keyboard sonatas
1688 Augustin Friedrich Walther a German anatomist, botanist and physician who was a native of Wittenberg. He was the son of theologian Michael Walther the Younger
1694 Johan Helmich Roman a Swedish Baroque composer. He has been called "the father of Swedish music" or "the Swedish Handel." He was the leader of Swedish Opera through most of Swedish Opera's Age of Liberty
1697 John Peter Zenger a German American printer, publisher, editor, and journalist in New York City. Zenger printed The New York Weekly Journal. He was a defendant in a landmark legal case in American jurisprudence, known as The Zenger Trial. His lawyers, Andrew Hamilton and William Smith, Sr., successfully argued that truth is a defense against charges of libel
1708 Antoine La Vallette a French jesuit clergyman, Superior of the Martinique missions, whose bankruptcy led to the suppression of the Society of Jesus in France.
1725 Johann Peter Beaulieu an Austrian military officer. He joined the Austrian army and fought against the Prussians during the Seven Years' War. A cultured man, he later battled Belgian rebels and earned promotion to general officer. During the French Revolutionary Wars he fought against the First French Republic and attained high command. In 1796, a young Napoleon Bonaparte won some of his first victories against an army led by Beaulieu. He retired and was the Proprietor of an Austrian infantry regiment until his death
1742 Charles-François Dupuis a French savant, a professor of rhetoric at the Collège de Lisieux, Paris, who studied for the law in his spare time and was received as avocat in 1770. He also ventured into the field of mathematics and served on the committee that developed the French Republican Calendar. Along with Constantin François Chassebœuf de Volney Dupuis was known for developing the Christ myth theory, which argued that Christianity was an amalgamation of various ancient mythologies and that Jesus was a mythical character
1746 Curt von Stedingk a count of the von Stedingk family, and a successful Swedish army officer and diplomat who played a prominent role in Swedish foreign policy during several decades.
1747 Ivan Mane Jarnović a virtuoso violinist-composer of the 18th century whose family was of possibly Ragusan origin. He had a European career, performing in almost all major centres including Paris, Berlin, Warsaw, St Petersburg, Vienna, Stockholm, Basle, London, Dublin, amongst others. It appears he was a pupil of Antonio Lolli and he was an acquaintance of Joseph Haydn, with whom he shared concert programmes in London
1757 Karl Leonhard Reinhold an Austrian philosopher. He was the father of Ernst Reinhold, also a philosopher
1757 Charles Pinckney (governor) an American politician who was a signer of the United States Constitution, the 37th Governor of South Carolina, a Senator and a member of the House of Representatives. He was first cousin once removed of fellow signer Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
1759 Georges Danton a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton's role in the onset of the Revolution has been disputed; many historians describe him as "the chief force in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the First French Republic". A moderating influence on the Jacobins, he was guillotined by the advocates of revolutionary terror after accusations of venality and leniency to the enemies of the Revolution
1768 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko Prince Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko - Polish general and politician.
1775 John Maurice Hauke a professional soldier.
1785 Antonio José Cañas a Salvadoran military officer, diplomat, and politician. For two brief periods he was head of state of the State of El Salvador, within the Federal Republic of Central America
1794 Konstantin Thon an official architect of Imperial Russia during the reign of Nicholas His major works include the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, the Grand Kremlin Palace and the Kremlin Armoury in Moscow.
1795 Nikolaos Mantzaros a Greek composer born in Corfu and the major representative of the so-called Ionian School of music. He was of mixed Greek and Italian noble descent, coming from one of the most important and wealthy families of the "Libro d'Oro" di Corfu and therefore he never considered himself a "professional composer". Recent research and performances have led to a re-evaluation of Mantzaros as a significant composer and music theorist
1796 Gottfried Osann a German chemist and physicist. He is known for his work on the chemistry of platinum metals
1797 Giuditta Pasta an Italian soprano considered among the greatest of opera singers, to whom the 20th-century soprano Maria Callas was compared.
1798 Beda Weber a German Benedictine professor, author, and member of the Frankfurt Parliament.
1799 Simonas Stanevičius a Lithuanian writer and an activist of the "Samogitian Revival", an early stage of the Lithuanian National Revival.
1800 Helmuth von Moltke the Elder a German Field Marshal. The chief of staff of the Prussian Army for thirty years, he is regarded as the creator of a new, more modern method of directing armies in the field. He is often referred to as Moltke the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke, who commanded the German Army at the outbreak of World War I
1802 Miguel I of Portugal the King of Portugal between 1828 and 1834, the seventh child and third son of King João VI and his queen, Carlota Joaquina of Spain.
1803 Joseph Hansom a prolific English architect working principally in the Gothic Revival style. He invented the Hansom cab and founded the eminent architectural journal, The Builder, in 1843
1809 Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn a German-Dutch botanist and geologist. His father, Friedrich Junghuhn was a barber and a surgeon. His mother was Christine Marie Schiele. Junghuhn studied medicine in Halle and in Berlin from 1827 to 1831, meanwhile publishing a seminal paper on mushrooms in Limnaea. Ein Journal für Botanik
1816 Philip Pendleton Cooke an American lawyer and minor poet from Virginia. He was the brother of John Esten Cooke
1818 Stefano Golinelli an Italian piano virtuoso and composer. In 1840 he was appointed by Rossini, then an Honorary Councillor of the Liceo Musicale di Bologna, professor for piano at the Liceo, a post he held until 1871. He composed a large number of works for the piano, especially noteworthy 3 Sonatas, and 2 collections of 24 Preludios, 23 and 69. He is buried at the Certosa cemetery in his hometown. At his death, he left his Érard piano to the Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna
1818 Louis Buffet a French statesman.
1819 Meïr Aron Goldschmidt a Danish publisher, journalist and novelist with a Jewish background.
1825 Iwakura Tomomi a Japanese statesman during the Bakumatsu and Meiji period. The former 500 Yen banknote issued by the Bank of Japan carried his portrait
1826 Dimitri Bakradze a Georgian scholar who authored several influential works in the history, archaeology and ethnography of Georgia and the Caucasus.
1830 Polibio Fumagalli an Italian composer, organist, and pianist.