Died on October 26

664 Cedd an Anglo-Saxon monk and bishop from Northumbria. He was an evangelist of the Middle Angles and East Saxons in England and a significant participant in the Synod of Whitby, a meeting which resolved important differences within the Church in England. He is venerated by Anglican, Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christians
760 Cuthbert of Canterbury a medieval Anglo-Saxon Archbishop of Canterbury in England. Prior to his elevation to Canterbury, he was abbot of a monastic house, and perhaps may have been Bishop of Hereford also, but evidence for his holding Hereford mainly dates from after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. While Archbishop, he held church councils and built a new church in Canterbury. It was during Cuthbert's archbishopric that the Diocese of York was raised to an archbishopric. Cuthbert died in 760 and was later regarded as a saint
899 Alfred the Great King of Wessex from 871 to 899.
1440 Gilles de Rais a knight and lord from Brittany, Anjou and Poitou, a leader in the French army, and a companion-in-arms of Joan of Arc. He is best known for his reputation and later conviction as a presumed serial killer of children
1555 Olympia Fulvia Morata an Italian classical scholar. She was born in Ferrara to Fulvio Pellegrino Morato and a certain Lucrezia
1576 Frederick III Elector Palatine a ruler from the house of Wittelsbach, branch Palatinate-Simmern-Sponheim. He was a son of John II of Simmern and inherited the Palatinate from the childless Elector Otto-Henry, Elector Palatine in 1559. He was a devout convert to Calvinism, and made Calvinism the official religion of his domain. Under his supervision the Heidelberg Catechism was constructed. His support of Calvinism gave the German Reformed movement a foothold within the Holy Roman Empire
1580 Anna of Austria Queen of Spain Queen of Spain by virtue of her marriage to her uncle, King Philip II of Spain.
1608 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz a Spanish painter, one of the best representatives of the Spanish school of court painters. He worked for Philip II and Philip III. The Museo del Prado contains examples of his severe portraiture style
1610 Francesco Vanni an Italian painter of the Mannerist style, active in Rome and his native city of Siena.
1613 Johann Bauhin a Swiss botanist, born in Basel. He was the son of physician Jean Bauhin and the brother of physician and botanist Gaspard Bauhin
1620 Mahfiruz Hatice Sultan a wife of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed She was the mother of Osman II, Şehzade Huseyn, Şehzade Bayezid and Şehzade Mehmed and was valide sultan from 26 February 1618 until her death on 26 October 1620.
1633 Horio Tadaharu a tozama daimyō in Japan during the Edo period. His father was Horio Tadauji and his grandfather was Horio Yoshiharu. He was the third leader of the Matsue clan
1670 Samuel Collins (physician) a British doctor and author. Collins was a personal physician to Alexis I of Russia in 1659–1666 and the author of The Present State of Russia printed in London in 1667
1671 Sir John Gell 1st Baronet a Parliamentarian politician and military figure in the English Civil War.
1675 William Sprague (1609–1675) left England on the ship Lyon's Whelp for Plymouth/Salem Massachusetts. He was originally from Upwey, near Weymouth, Dorset, England
1676 Nathaniel Bacon (colonist) a colonist of the Virginia Colony, famous as the instigator of Bacon's Rebellion of 1676, which collapsed when Bacon himself died from dysentery.
1686 John Egerton 2nd Earl of Bridgewater an English nobleman.
1693 Kyprian Zochovskyj the Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and Russia of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1674 to his death in 1693.
1706 Andreas Werckmeister an organist, music theorist, and composer of the Baroque era.
1717 Catherine Sedley Countess of Dorchester the mistress of King James II and VII both before and after he came to the thrones. Catherine was not noted for beauty but was famous for her wittiness and sharp tongue
1733 Antonio Veracini an Italian composer and violinist of the Baroque era.
1737 Rinaldo d'Este (1655–1737) Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1695 until his death. He was succeeded by his son
1743 Erhard Ernst von Röder a Prussian Field Marshal General, Minister of War and Minister of Finance.
1749 Louis-Nicolas Clérambault a French musician, best known as an organist and composer. He was born and died in Paris
1751 Philip Doddridge an English Nonconformist leader, educator, and hymnwriter.
1764 William Hogarth an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art.
1773 Amédée-François Frézier best remembered for bringing back five specimens of Fragaria chiloensis, the beach strawberry, from an assignment in South America, thus introducing this New World fruit to the Old.
1803 Granville Leveson-Gower 1st Marquess of Stafford a British politician.
1806 John Graves Simcoe a British army officer and the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1791 to 1796. Then frontier, this was modern-day southern Ontario and the watersheds of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior. His bicameral Legislature founded York and was instrumental in introducing institutions such as the courts, trial by jury, English common law, freehold land tenure, and the abolition of slavery. Slavery was ended in Upper Canada long before it was abolished in the British Empire as a whole; by 1810, there were no slaves in Upper Canada, but the Crown did not abolish slavery throughout the Empire until 1834
1817 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin a scientist who studied medicine, chemistry and botany.
1817 Yasuaki Aida a Japanese mathematician in the Edo period.
1818 Ludwig Gotthard Kosegarten a German poet and Lutheran preacher.
1828 Albrecht Thaer a renowned German agronomist and an avid supporter of the humus theory for plant nutrition.
1829 John Mawe a British mineralogist who became known for his practical approach to the discipline.
1834 Joseph Marie Count Dessaix a French general of the Napoleonic Wars.
1839 Joseph Franz von Jacquin an Austrian scientist who studied medicine, chemistry zoology and botany.
1840 Nicholas Aylward Vigors an Irish zoologist and politician.
1840 Pyotr Kozlovsky a Russian diplomat and a man of letters.
1852 Johann Erdmann Hummel a German painter.
1852 Vincenzo Gioberti an Italian philosopher, publicist and politician.
1854 Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen a queen consort of Bavaria. She was a daughter of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, eldest daughter of Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1861 Edward "Ned" Kendall a bandleader and musician who played the keyed bugle. He was known for his Boston Brass Band, itself a pioneer in all-brass bands, and for a trumpet-playing showdown with the former leader of the Boston Brigade Band, Patrick Gilmore. He was also known for his silver bugle, a gift from Queen Victoria
1862 Duchess Marie Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin daughter of Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and consort of Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
1864 William T. Anderson one of the deadliest and most brutal pro-Confederate guerrilla leaders in the American Civil War. Anderson led a band that targeted Union loyalists and Federal soldiers in Missouri and Kansas
1866 John Kinder Labatt an Irish-Canadian brewer, and the founder of the Labatt Brewing Company.
1868 Wilhelm Griesinger a German neurologist and psychiatrist born in Stuttgart.
1871 Thomas Ewing a National Republican and Whig politician from Ohio. He served in the U.S. Senate as well as serving as the Secretary of the Treasury and the first Secretary of the Interior. He is also known as the foster father of famous American Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman
1871 Robert Anderson (Civil War) a United States Army officer during the American Civil War. To many, he was a hero who defied the Confederacy and upheld Union honor in the first battle of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter in April 1861. The Confederates bombarded the fort and forced its surrender to start the war. After Sumter fell, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general and given command of Union forces in Kentucky, but was removed late in 1861 and reassigned to Rhode Island, before retiring from military service in 1863
1874 Peter Cornelius a German composer, writer about music, poet and translator.
1876 Anton von Prokesch-Osten an Austrian diplomat, statesman and general.