October 26 events in history

306 Martyrdom of Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki
1341 The Byzantine civil war of 1341–47 formally begins with the proclamation of John VI Kantakouzenos as Byzantine Emperor at Didymoteicho
1377 Tvrtko I is crowned the first king of Bosnia
1520 Charles V is crowned
1597 Imjin War: Admiral Yi Sun-sin routs the Japanese Navy of 300 ships with only 13 ships at the Battle of Myeongnyang
1640 The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England
1689 General Piccolomini of Austria burns down Skopje to prevent the spread of cholera. He died of cholera himself soon after
1774 The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
1775 King George III of Great Britain goes before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution
1776 Benjamin Franklin departs from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution
1811 The Argentine government declare the freedom of expression for the press by decree
1813 War of 1812: A combined force of British regulars, Canadian militia, and Mohawks defeat the Americans in the Battle of the Chateauguay
1825 The Erie Canal opens: Passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie
1859 The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead
1860 Meeting of Teano. Giuseppe Garibaldi, conqueror of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, gives it to King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
1861 The Pony Express officially ceases operations
1863 The Football Association, the oldest football association in the world, is formed in London
1881 The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone, Arizona
1905 Sweden accepted the independence of Norway
1909 Itō Hirobumi, four time Prime Minister of Japan (the 1st, 5th, 7th and 10th) and Resident-General of Korea, is assassinated by An Jung-geun at the Harbin train station in Manchuria
1912 First Balkan War: The Ottoman occupied city of Thessaloniki, is liberated and unified with Greece on the feast day of its patron saint Demetrius. On the same day, Serbian troops captured Skopje
1917 World War I: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat to the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany. The young unknown Oberleutnant Erwin Rommel captures Mount Matajur with only 100 Germans against a force of over 7000 Italians
1917 World War I: Brazil declares war on the Central Powers
1918 Erich Ludendorff, quartermaster-general of the Imperial German Army, is dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations
1921 The Chicago Theatre opens
1936 The first electric generator at Hoover Dam goes into full operation
1940 The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight
1942 World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier, Hornet, is sunk and another aircraft carrier, Enterprise, is heavily damaged, while two Japanese carriers and one cruiser are heavily damaged
1943 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil"
1944 World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends with an overwhelming American victory
1947 The Maharaja of Kashmir and Jammu agrees to allow his kingdom to join India
1955 After the last Allied troops have left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declares permanent neutrality
1955 Ngô Đình Diệm declares himself Premier of South Vietnam
1958 Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France
1964 Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed
1967 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself Emperor of Iran and then crowns his wife Farah Empress of Iran
1968 Soviet cosmonaut Georgy Beregovoy pilots Soyuz 3 into space for a four-day mission
1977 Ali Maow Maalin, the last natural case of smallpox, develops rash in Merca district, Somalia. The World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination
1979 Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by Korean Central Intelligence Agency head Kim Jae-gyu. Choi Kyu-hah becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May
1984 "Baby Fae" receives a heart transplant from a baboon
1985 The Australian government returns ownership of Uluru to the local Pitjantjatjara Aborigines
1992 The Charlottetown Accord fails to win majority support in a Canada wide referendum
1992 The London Ambulance Service is thrown into chaos after the implementation of a new CAD, or Computer Aided Dispatch, system which failed
1994 Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty
1995 Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shaqaqi in his hotel in Malta
1999 Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament
2000 Laurent Gbagbo takes over as president of Côte d'Ivoire following a popular uprising against President Robert Guéï
2001 The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law
2002 Moscow theater hostage crisis: Approximately 50 Chechen terrorists and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the terrorists during a musical performance three days before
2003 The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km2), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego