Born on October 27

921 Chai Rong the second emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 954 until his death. He succeeded his uncle-in-law Guo Wei, whose surname he had adopted
1156 Raymond VI Count of Toulouse count of Toulouse and marquis of Provence from 1194 to 1222. He was also count of Melgueil from 1173 to 1190
1335 Taejo of Joseon Yi Dan, was the founder and the first king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea, and the main figure in overthrowing the Goryeo Dynasty. He was posthumously raised to the rank of Emperor in 1899 by Gojong, the Gwangmu Emperor, who had proclaimed the Korean Empire in 1897
1401 Catherine of Valois the Queen consort of England from 1420 until 1422. She was the daughter of Charles VI of France, wife of Henry V of England, mother of Henry VI of England, and through her secret marriage with Owen Tudor, the grandmother of Henry VII of England. Catherine's older sister Isabella was queen of England from 1396 until 1399, as the child bride of Richard II
1466 Desiderius Erasmus a Dutch Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian.
1496 Hernando de Soto a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the first European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States , and the first documented European to have crossed the Mississippi River.
1598 Lars Stigzelius Archbishop of Uppsala in the Church of Sweden from 1670 to his death.
1612 Margravine Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Electress of Saxony from 1656 to 1680 as the wife of John George The daughter of Christian, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and Marie of Prussia, she was by birth a Markgräfin, or Margravine, and a member of the Brandenburg-Bayreuth branch of the House of Hohenzollern.
1615 Christian I Duke of Saxe-Merseburg the first duke of Saxe-Merseburg and a member of the House of Wettin.
1661 Fyodor Apraksin one of the first Russian admirals, governed Estonia and Karelia from 1712 to 1723, was made general admiral , presided over the Russian Admiralty from 1718 and commanded the Baltic Fleet from 1723.
1670 Banda Singh Bahadur a Sikh military commander.
1703 Johann Gottlieb Graun a German Baroque/Classical era composer and violinist, born in Wahrenbrück.
1708 Jean-Rodolphe Perronet a French architect and structural engineer, known for his many stone arch bridges. His best known work is the Pont de la Concorde
1714 Fernando de Silva 12th Duke of Alba a Spanish politician and general.
1736 James Macpherson a Scottish writer, poet, literary collector and politician, known as the "translator" of the Ossian cycle of poems.
1744 Mary Moser an English painter and one of the most celebrated women artists of 18th-century Britain. One of only two female founding members of the Royal Academy , Moser is particularly noted for her depictions of flowers
1746 Maria Antonia Branconi the official royal mistress of Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel between 1766 and 1777. She was a friend of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Branconi was by her contemporaries known as the most beautiful woman in Germany
1759 Ferenc Kazinczy a Hungarian author, the most indefatigable agent in the regeneration of the Magyar language and literature at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century. His name is today connected to the extensive Language Reform of the 19th century, when thousands of words were coined or revived, enabling the Hungarian language to keep up with scientific progress and become an official language of the nation in 1844
1760 August Neidhardt von Gneisenau a Prussian field marshal. He was a prominent figure in the reform of the Prussian military and the War of Liberation
1761 Matthew Baillie a Scottish physician and pathologist.
1765 Nancy Storace an English operatic soprano. The role of Susanna in Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro was written for and first performed by her
1782 Niccolò Paganini an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer. He was the most celebrated violin virtuoso of his time, and left his mark as one of the pillars of modern violin technique. His Caprice 24 in A minor, 1, is among the best known of his compositions, and has served as an inspiration for many prominent composers
1789 Joseph Mayseder an Austrian violin virtuoso and composer.
1793 Liborio Romano an Italian politician.
1806 Juan Seguín a 19th-century Texas Senator, mayor, judge, and Justice of the Peace and a prominent participant in the Texas Revolution.
1811 Pierre Étienne Simon Duchartre a French botanist.
1811 Stevens T. Mason the territorial governor of the Michigan Territory, and later the first Governor of the state of Michigan. Mason guided the Michigan Territory into statehood. He was first appointed acting Territorial Secretary at the age of 19, then became acting Territorial Governor in 1834 at the age of 22. He was elected governor of the state of Michigan at age 23 as a member of the Democratic Party in 1835, and served until 1840. Mason is the youngest state governor in American history
1811 Isaac Singer an American inventor, actor, and entrepreneur. He made important improvements in the design of the sewing machine and was the founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Company. Many had patented sewing machines before Singer, but his success was based on the practicality of his machine, the ease with which it could be adapted to home use, and its availability on an installment payment basis. Singer fathered at least 24 children with various wives and mistresses
1814 Daniel H. Wells an apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the third mayor of Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States.
1818 Stafford Northcote 1st Earl of Iddesleigh a British Conservative politician. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1874 and 1880 and as Foreign Secretary between 1885 and 1886, and was one of only two people to hold the office of First Lord of the Treasury without being Prime Minister
1824 Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz a Baltic German painter. She studied in Dresden with Friedrich Gonne and later in Munich with Johann Moritz Rugendas
1827 Leopold Loeffler a Polish realist painter of the late Romantic period popular in the second half of the 19th century under the foreign partitions of Poland. Lithographic reproductions of his paintings were widely distributed among the members of the Kraków and Warsaw art societies, and frequently reprinted in popular periodicals owing to their historical references to Polish national uprisings and battlefronts, as well as their great attention to period detail
1835 Pero Budmani a writer, linguist, grammarian, and philologist from Dubrovnik and a renowned polyglot. Budmani was instrumental in the emergence of the second group of Serb Catholics in the 1880s
1836 Andrew Price Morgan an American botanist. He investigated the flora of the Miami Valley in Ohio. While his interest included flowering plants, as noted by his Flora of the Miami Valley, Ohio, his special interest was in fungi. Morgan worked as a teacher in Dayton. He studied the botany of the Great Miami River, publishing in 1878 the Flora of the Miami River, Ohio; Morgan also showed particular interest in mycology and bryology. His mentor was the prominent American mycologist Curtis Gates Lloyd. His correspondence with Lloyd is stored in the Lloyd Library and Museum in Cincinnati
1836 Thomas Gwyn Elger a British selenographer and one of the preeminent lunar observers of the Victorian age, best known for his lunar map, which was regarded as one of the best available until the 1960s. He was the first director of the Lunar Section of the British Astronomical Association , and is remembered by the lunar crater Elger
1838 John Davis Long a American lawyer, politician, and writer. He served as the 32nd Governor of Massachusetts between 1880 and 1883. He later served as the Secretary of the Navy from 1897 to 1902, a period that notably included the Spanish-American War
1842 Giovanni Giolitti an Italian statesman. He was the Prime Minister of Italy five times between 1892 and 1921. He is the second-longest serving Prime Minister in Italian history, after Benito Mussolini
1844 Klas Pontus Arnoldson a Swedish author, journalist, politician, and committed pacifist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1908. He was a founding member and the first chairman of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society
1847 George Armitstead (mayor) an engineer, entrepreneur and the fourth Mayor of Riga.
1854 William Alexander Smith (Boys' Brigade) born in Pennyland House, Thurso, Scotland. He was the eldest son of Major David Smith and his wife Harriet. He and his siblings formed a family of three sons and one daughter
1855 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin a Russian practitioner of selection, Honorable Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, and academician of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agriculture.
1856 Kenyon Cox an American painter, illustrator, muralist, writer, and teacher. Cox was an influential and important early instructor at the Art Students League of New York. He was the designer of the League's logo, whose motto is Nulla Dies Sine Linea or No Day Without a Line
1858 Saitō Makoto a Japanese naval officer and politician.
1858 Theodore Roosevelt an American politician, author, naturalist, soldier, explorer, and historian who served as the 26th President of the United States. He was a leader of the Republican Party and founder of the Progressive Party insurgency of 1912. He is known for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement, as well as his "cowboy" persona and robust masculinity. Born into a wealthy family in New York City, Roosevelt was a sickly child who suffered from asthma. To overcome his physical weakness, he embraced a strenuous life. He was home-schooled and became an eager student of nature. He attended Harvard College, where he studied biology, boxed, and developed an interest in naval affairs. He quickly entered politics, determined to become a member of the ruling class. In 1881, he was elected to the New York State Assembly, where he became a leader of the reform faction of the GOP. His book, The Naval War of 1812 , established him as a learned historian and writer
1858 Mikhail Ivanovich Mikhaylov a well known Russian opera singer. He graduated from the Moscow Conservatory. At first, he sang in Kiev and Tiflis, and, between 1884 and 1896, on the Imperial operatic stage in Saint Petersburg
1858 Prince Valdemar of Denmark a member of the Danish Royal Family, the youngest son of Christian IX of Denmark and his wife Louise of Hesse-Kassel. Valdemar was the younger brother of Frederik VIII of Denmark, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, George I of Greece, Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia, and Crown Princess Thyra of Hanover
1865 Charles Spencelayh an English genre painter and portraitist in the Academic style.
1867 Viola Allen an American stage actress who played leading roles in Shakespeare and other plays, including many original plays. She starred in over two dozen Broadway productions from 1885 to 1916. Beginning in 1915, she appeared in three silent films
1867 Thomas Walter Scott the first Premier of the province of Saskatchewan in Canada.
1867 Kārlis Bētiņš a Latvian chess master and composer of studies.