Died on October 27

939 Æthelstan King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to 939. He was the son of King Edward the Elder and his first wife, Ecgwynn. Modern historians regard him as the first King of England and one of the greatest Anglo-Saxon kings. He never married, and was succeeded by his half-brother, Edmund
1269 Ulrich III Duke of Carinthia ruling Lord in the March of Carniola from 1249 and Duke of Carinthia from 1256 until his death, the last ruler from the House of Sponheim.
1272 Hugh IV Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy between 1218 and 1272. Hugh was the son of Odo III, Duke of Burgundy and Alice de Vergy
1303 Beatrice of Castile (1242–1303) the second Queen consort of Afonso III of Portugal.
1312 John II Duke of Brabant Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg. He was the son of John I of Brabant and Margaretha of Flanders, daughter of Guy of Dampierre
1326 Hugh le Despenser 1st Earl of Winchester for a time the chief adviser to King Edward II of England.
1327 Elizabeth de Burgh the second wife and the only queen consort of King Robert I of Scotland.
1331 Abu'l-Fida a Kurdish historian, geographer, and local governor of Hamāh. He was a prince of the Ayyubid dynasty and the author of The memoirs of a Syrian prince: Abu'l-Fidāʼ, Sultan of Ḥamāh. The crater Abulfeda on the Moon, is named after him
1430 Vytautas one of the most famous rulers of medieval Lithuania. Vytautas was the ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania which chiefly encompassed the Lithuanians and Ruthenians. He was also the Prince of Hrodna and the Prince of Lutsk , postulated king of Hussites
1439 Albert II of Germany King of Hungary and Croatia from 1437 until his death. He was also King of Bohemia, elected King of Germany as Albert II, duke of Luxembourg and, as Albert V, archduke of Austria from 1404
1449 Ulugh Beg a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan. His commonly known name is not truly a personal name, but rather a moniker, which can be loosely translated as "Great Ruler" or "Patriarch Ruler" and was the Turkic equivalent of Timur's Perso-Arabic title Amīr-e Kabīr. His real name was Mīrzā Mohammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrokh. Ulugh Beg was also notable for his work in astronomy-related mathematics, such as trigonometry and spherical geometry. He built the great Ulugh Beg Observatory in Samarkand between 1424 and 1429. It was considered by scholars to have been one of the finest observatories in the Islamic world at the time and the largest in Central Asia. He built the Ulugh Beg Madrasah in Samarkand and Bukhara, transforming the cities into cultural centers of learning in Central Asia. He was also a mathematics genius of the 15th century — albeit his mental aptitude was perseverance rather than any unusual endowment of intellect. His Observatory is situated in Samarkand which is in Uzbekistan. He ruled Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, southern Kazakhstan and most of Afghanistan for almost half a century from 1411 to 1449
1485 Rodolphus Agricola a pre-Erasmian humanist of the northern Low Countries, famous for his supple Latin and one of the first north of the Alps to know Greek well. Agricola was a Hebrew scholar towards the end of his life, an educator, musician and builder of a church organ, a poet in Latin as well as the vernacular, a diplomat and a sportsman of sorts. He is best known today as the author of De inventione dialectica, as the father of northern European humanism and as a zealous anti-scholastic in the late-fifteenth century
1492 John de la Pole 2nd Duke of Suffolk KG , known as "the Trimming Duke". He was the son of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk and Alice Chaucer, daughter of Thomas Chaucer, and a great-grandson of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer
1505 Ivan III of Russia a Grand Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of all Rus. Sometimes referred to as the "gatherer of the Russian lands", he tripled the territory of his state, ended the dominance of the Golden Horde over the Rus, renovated the Moscow Kremlin, and laid the foundations of the Russian state. He was one of the longest-reigning Russian rulers in history
1527 Johann Froben a famous printer and publisher in Basel. He passed his printing business on to his son Hieronymus, and grandson Ambrosius Frobenius
1553 Michael Servetus a Spanish theologian, physician, cartographer, and Renaissance humanist. He was the first European to correctly describe the function of pulmonary circulation, as discussed in Christianismi Restitutio. He was a polymath versed in many sciences: mathematics, astronomy and meteorology, geography, human anatomy, medicine and pharmacology, as well as jurisprudence, translation, poetry and the scholarly study of the Bible in its original languages. He is renowned in the history of several of these fields, particularly medicine and theology. He participated in the Protestant Reformation, and later developed a nontrinitarian Christology. Condemned by Catholics and Protestants alike, he was arrested in Geneva and burnt at the stake as a heretic by order of the city's Protestant governing council
1561 Lope de Aguirre a Basque Spanish conquistador in South America. Nicknamed El Loco , he styled himself '"Wrath of God, Prince of Freedom, King of Tierra Firme". Aguirre is best known for his final expedition down the Amazon river in search of the mythical golden King El Dorado. In 1561 Aguirre sent a letter which defied the Spanish monarch Philip II by declaring an independent state of Peru. Aguirre's expedition ended with his death. Since his death, Aguirre has come to be considered a symbol of cruelty and treachery in colonial Spanish America, and has become an antihero in literature, cinema and other arts
1573 Laurentius Petri a Swedish clergyman and the first Evangelical Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden. He and his brother Olaus Petri are, together with the King Gustav Vasa, regarded as the main Protestant reformers of Sweden. They are commemorated by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America on April 19
1597 Alfonso II d'Este Duke of Ferrara Duke of Ferrara from 1559 to 1597. He was a member of the House of Este
1603 Irina Godunova the wife of Tsar Feodor I Ivanovich and the sister of Tsar Boris Godunov.
1605 Akbar Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari river. His power and influence, however, extended over the entire country because of Mughal military, political, cultural, and economic dominance. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. In order to preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. Eschewing tribal bonds and Islamic state identity, Akbar strived to unite far-flung lands of his realm through loyalty, expressed through a Persianised culture, to himself as an emperor who had near-divine status
1616 Johannes Praetorius a Bohemian German mathematician and astronomer.
1617 Ralph Winwood an English diplomat and politician.
1666 Robert Hubert a watchmaker from Rouen, France, who was executed following his false confession of starting the Great Fire of London.
1670 Vavasor Powell a Welsh Nonconformist Puritan preacher, evangelist, church leader and writer.
1674 Hallgrímur Pétursson one of Iceland's most famous poets and a minister at Hvalneskirkja and Saurbær in Hvalfjörður. The Hallgrímskirkja in Reykjavík and the Hallgrímskirkja in Saurbær are named after him. He was one of the most influential pastors during the Age of Orthodoxy. Because of his contributions to Lutheran hymnody, he is sometimes called the Icelandic Paul Gerhardt
1675 Gilles de Roberval born at Roberval, Oise, near Beauvais, France. His name was originally Gilles Personne or Gilles Personier, with Roberval the place of his birth
1706 Arsenije III Čarnojević the Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs from 1674 to 1691 and Metropolitan of Sentandreja from 1691 to his death in 1706. In 1690, he led a large migration of Serbs from Ottoman lands into the Habsburg north
1789 John Cook (governor) an American planter and politician from Smyrna, in Kent County, Delaware. He served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware
1795 Madhavrao II Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India, from a young age. He was known as Sawai Madhav Rao or Madhav Rao Narayan. He was the posthumous son of Narayanrao Peshwa, murdered in 1773 on the orders of Raghunathrao Madhavrao was considered the legal heir, and was brought to power as peshwa by the treaty of Salbai in 1782
1802 Johann Gottlieb Georgi a German botanist, naturalist and geographer.
1821 Ivan Dmitrevsky generally regarded as the most influential actor of Russian Neoclassicism and "Russia's first great tragedian".
1824 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres a cartographer who served in the Seven Years' War, in part, as the aide-de-camp to General James Wolfe. He also created the monumental four volume Atlantic Neptune, which was the most important collection of maps, charts and views of North America published in the eighteenth century. Finally, he was the Governor of Cape Breton Island and Prince Edward Island. Colonel DesBarres is buried in the crypt of George's Church, Halifax, Nova Scotia
1836 François Just Marie Raynouard a French dramatist and linguist.
1845 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier a French physicist. He was originally a watch dealer, but at 30 years old took up experiments and observations in the field of physics
1846 Louis-Auguste-Victor Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont emigrated from France soon after the outbreak of the French Revolution. A lifelong royalist, he fought with the counter-revolutionary Army of Condé for two years, then joined the insurrection in France from three more years before going into exile. He was arrested after assisting the Georges Cadoudal conspiracy, but escaped to Portugal
1848 Alexander Egorovich Varlamov one of the founding fathers of the Russian art song. He was the author of probably the first method of singing by a Russian author, Shkulo pienia
1857 Alexander Gagarin a Russian general and nobleman of Rurikid ancestry who was involved in the Caucasian and Crimean wars. In 1857, he served as a governor-general of Kutaisi and was killed by Constantine Dadeshkeliani, the deposed Prince of Svanetia, during a quarrel at Kutaisi
1858 Ida Laura Pfeiffer an Austrian traveler and travel book author. She was one of the first female explorers, whose popular books were translated into seven languages. She was a member of geographical societies of both Berlin and Paris, but not of Royal Geographical Society in London due to her sex
1868 Charles Longley a bishop in the Church of England. He served as Bishop of Ripon, Bishop of Durham, Archbishop of York and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1862 until his death
1869 Rudolf Kner an Austrian zoologist and ichthyologist.
1873 Ernest-Aimé Feydeau a French writer and the father of the notorious comic playwright Georges Feydeau.
1882 Christian Heinrich von Nagel a German geometer.
1884 Sofia Soboleva a Russian writer who used the pseudonym Samoilovich.
1885 Wilhelm Sihler a German American Lutheran minister. A proponent for Christian education, Wilhelm Sihler founded Concordia Theological Seminary, in Fort Wayne, Indiana
1897 Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of George III and great-grandmother of Elizabeth She held the title of Duchess of Teck through marriage.
1903 Erika Nissen a Norwegian pianist.
1905 Ralph Copeland an English astronomer and the third Astronomer Royal for Scotland.
1906 Rama Tirtha an Indian teacher of the Hindu philosophy of Vedanta. He was among the first notable teachers of Hinduism to lecture in the United States, travelling there in 1902, preceded by Swami Vivekananda in 1893 and followed by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1920. During his American tours Swami Rama Tirtha spoke frequently on the concept of 'practical Vedanta' and education of Indian youth. He proposed bringing young Indians to American universities and helped establish scholarships for Indian students
1907 Mkrtich Khrimian an Armenian religious and political leader. He served as the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople , as Prelate of Van and elected as Catholicos of All Armenians