Born on October 28

340 Saint Cunera a virgin and martyr. She is first mentioned after the year 1000. She is the patron saint of the Utrecht city Rhenen in the Netherlands, and against cattle and throat diseases
1017 Henry III Holy Roman Emperor a member of the Salian Dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors. He was the eldest son of Conrad II of Germany and Gisela of Swabia. His father made him duke of Bavaria in 1026, after the death of Duke Henry V
1161 Imar of Tusculum a French cardinal.
1200 Louis IV Landgrave of Thuringia the Landgrave of Thuringia from 1217 to 1227.
1510 Francis Borgia 4th Duke of Gandía a Grandee of Spain, a Spanish Jesuit, and third Superior General of the Society of Jesus. He was canonized on 20 June 1670 by Pope Clement X
1536 Felix Plater a Swiss physician, professor in Basel, well known for his classification of psychiatric diseases, and was also the first to describe an intracranial tumour. He was born and died in Basel
1550 Stanislaus Kostka a Polish novice of the Society of Jesus. In the Catholic Church he is venerated as Saint Stanislaus Kostka
1572 John Erskine 17th Earl of Mar a son of John, 5th Lord Erskine, who was guardian of King James V, and afterwards of Mary, Queen of Scots.
1576 Rudolph Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt. From 1603, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
1585 Cornelius Jansen Catholic bishop of Ypres and the father of a theological movement known as Jansenism.
1599 Marie of the Incarnation (Ursuline) a French Ursuline nun and the leader of the group of nuns sent to establish the Ursuline Order in New France. She founded the oldest educational institution for females in North America. She has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church and the Anglican Church of Canada also celebrates her life and works with a feast day
1610 Jacob Kettler a Baltic German Duke of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. Under his rule, the duchy was brought to its greatest peak in wealth and engaged in colonization
1623 Johann Grueber an Austrian Jesuit missionary and astronomer in China, and noted explorer.
1667 Maria Anna of Neuburg Queen of Spain from 1689 to 1700 as the second wife of King Charles II.
1690 Peter Tordenskjold a Norwegian nobleman and an eminent naval flag officer in the service of the Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy. He rose to the rank of Vice-Admiral for his services in the Great Northern War. Born in Trondheim, Peter Wessel travelled to Copenhagen in 1704, and was employed in the navy. He won a name for himself through audacity and courage, and was ennobled as Peter Tordenskiold by King Frederick IV in 1716. His greatest exploit came later that year, as he destroyed the supply fleet of Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Dynekilen. In 1720, he was killed in a duel. In Denmark and Norway he is among the most famous national naval heroes. He experienced an unusually rapid rise in rank and died when he was only 30 years old
1692 Joseph Ferdinand Prince of Asturias the son of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria and his first wife, Maria Antonia of Austria, daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, maternal granddaughter of King Felipe IV of Spain.
1693 Šimon Brixi a Czech composer. He was the father of František Brixi
1696 Maurice de Saxe a Saxon soldier in French service who became a Marshal and later also Marshal General of France.
1703 Antoine Deparcieux a French mathematician.
1718 Ignacije Szentmartony a Croatian Jesuit priest, missionary, mathematician, astronomer and explorer.
1724 Louis-Philippe de Vaudreuil second in command of the French Navy during the American Revolutionary War.
1733 Franz Ignaz von Beecke a classical music composer born in Wimpfen am Neckar, Germany.
1738 Ludwik Szymon Gutakowski the second Prime Minister of Poland, and the President of the Council of State and of the Cabinet.
1744 William Hodges an English painter. He was a member of James Cook's second voyage to the Pacific Ocean, and is best known for the sketches and paintings of locations he visited on that voyage, including Table Bay, Tahiti, Easter Island, and the Antarctic
1751 Dmitry Bortniansky a Russian composer and conductor of Ukrainian origin.
1752 Jeongjo of Joseon the 22nd ruler of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He made various attempts to reform and improve the nation of Joseon. He was preceded by his grandfather King Yeongjo and succeeded by his son King Sunjo
1758 Joseph-François-Louis-Charles de Damas a French general.
1758 John Sibthorp an English botanist.
1761 August Batsch a German naturalist. He was a recognised authority on mushrooms, and also described new species of ferns, bryophytes, and seed plants
1767 Marie of Hesse-Kassel queen consort of Denmark and Norway. She also served as regent of Denmark in 1814–1815
1768 Johannes Daniel Falk a German publisher and poet.
1774 Konstanty Adam Czartoryski a Polish szlachcic. Colonel since 1809 in the Duchy of Warsaw and Brigadier General since 1815 in Congress Poland
1784 José Tadeo Monagas President of Venezuela 1847–1851 and 1855–1858, and a hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence. Monagas was one of the most unpopular presidents in Venezuelan history, distinguished by his nepotist and favoritism-bound policies, his disregard for laws passed by Congress when he disagreed with them, and the amount of power he attributed to the Executive branch. During his second term, he arranged for a new Constitution which would grant him further powers. The administration he set up would eventually lead to a constitutional crisis
1791 Ján Chalupka a Slovak dramatist, playwright, publicist and Evangelical pastor.
1793 Eliphalet Remington now known as the Remington Arms Co., L.L.C. Originally the company was known as Remington followed by Remington & Son and then finally Remington and Sons
1793 Simonas Daukantas a Lithuanian/Samogitian writer, ethnographer and prose historian. One of the pioneers of the Lithuanian national revival, he is credited as an author of the first book on the history of Lithuania written in the Lithuanian language.He also published several books on Lithuanian and Samogitian folklore, and wrote a Polish-Lithuanian dictionary. Daukantas wrote his historical works under the influence of the Romanticism of the time.Daukantas attributed whatever led to the downfall of the Lithuanian Village to the Polish nobility and the ruling class, which became self-interested and weak in adapting folk tales,songs,customs, costumes language and idioms of the Lithuanian people and their language.As an author he published under a variety of pen-names, including, Jakyb Łaukys, K.V.Mylė, Jokūbas Laukys , Motiejus Šauklys, J.Devynakis, Jonas Girdenis, Jonas Raganius, Antanas Žeimys, Jonas Purvys and Antanas Vaineikis, some of them mentioned also in Polonised form
1798 Hippolyte François Jaubert a French politician and botanist.
1803 Elisa Radziwill a member of Polish-Lithuanian high nobility of royal ancestry who was the desired bride of the Prince who later became Wilhelm I, German Emperor.
1803 Caroline Unger an Austro-Hungarian contralto, alternatively known as Karoline, Carolina, and Carlotta.
1804 Pierre François Verhulst a mathematician and a doctor in number theory from the University of Ghent in 1825.
1806 Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle a French-Swiss botanist, the son of the Swiss botanist P. de Candolle.
1807 Theodor Ludwig Wilhelm von Bischoff a German physician and biologist who lectured on pathological anatomy at Heidelberg and held professorships in anatomy and physiology at Giessen and Munich where he was appointed to the chair of anatomy and physiology in 1854. His most important contributions were made in embryology with a series of four exhaustive memoirs on the development of the mammalian ovum published in 1842 , 1845 , 1852 , and 1854. His studies concerning animal metabolism by measuring urea were less successful, as was his research of the anatomy of skull and brain
1811 Orazio Antinori an Italian explorer and zoologist.
1815 Ľudovít Štúr the leader of the Slovak national revival in the 19th century, the author of the Slovak language standard eventually leading to the contemporary Slovak literary language. Štúr was an organizer of the Slovak volunteer campaigns during the 1848 Revolution, he was also politician, poet, journalist, publisher, teacher, philosopher, linguist and member of the Hungarian Parliament
1816 Malwida von Meysenbug a German writer, her work including Memories of an Idealist, the first volume of which she published anonymously in 1869. As well, she was a friend of Friedrich Nietzsche and Richard Wagner, and met the French writer Romain Rolland in Rome in 1890
1817 Cornelius Mathews an American writer, best known for his crucial role in the formation of a literary group known as Young America in the late 1830s, with editor Evert Duyckinck and author William Gilmore Simms.
1823 Pierre Alfred Déséglise a French botanist.
1826 Sir Andrew Clark 1st Baronet a Scottish physician and pathologist.
1832 Theodor Magnus Fries a Swedish botanist and Lichenologist.
1836 James Edward Tierney Aitchison a Scottish surgeon and botanist.