Died on October 28

312 Maxentius Roman Emperor from 306 to 312. He was the son of former Emperor Maximian and the son-in-law of Emperor Galerius
457 Ibas of Edessa bishop of Edessa and was born in Syria. His name in Syriac is ܗܝܒܐ ܐܘܪܗܝܐ pronounced Ihiba or Hiba, the equivalent of Donatus. He is frequently associated with the growth of Nestorianism, although his recorded acts do not support this reputation
994 Sigeric the Serious the Archbishop of Canterbury from 990 to 994.
998 Siegfried of Luxembourg considered the first count of Luxembourg. He was actually count in the Moselgau and the Ardennes. He was also the advocate of the abbeys of Saint-Maximin de Trêves and Saint-Willibrord d'Echternach. He is speculated to be the son of Count Palatine Wigeric of Lotharingia and Cunigunda. He is the founder of the House of Luxembourg, a cadet branch of the House of Ardennes
1138 Bolesław III Wrymouth a Prince of Lesser Poland, Silesia and Sandomierz between 1102-1107 and over the whole Poland between 1107-1138. He was the only child of Prince Władysław I Herman and his first wife Judith, daughter of Vratislaus II of Bohemia
1225 Jien a Japanese poet, historian, and Buddhist monk.
1266 Arsenije Sremac the second archbishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church and a disciple of Saint Sava of Serbia.
1310 Athanasius I of Constantinople the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for two terms, from 1289 to 1293 and 1303 to 1309. He was born in Adrianople and died in Constantinople. Chosen by the emperor Andronicus II Palaeologus as patriarch, he opposed the reunion of the Greek and Roman Churches and introduced an ecclesiastic reform that evoked opposition within the clergy. He resigned in 1293 and was restored in 1303 with popular support. The pro-Union clerical faction forced him into retirement in early 1310
1312 Elizabeth of Carinthia Queen of Germany Queen of the Romans, Queen of Germany and Duchess of Austria by marriage. She is also known as Elizabeth of Tyrol
1329 Mahaut Countess of Artois the only daughter, and eldest child of Robert II, Count of Artois, and Amicie de Courtenay.
1412 Margaret I of Denmark Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden and founder of the Kalmar Union, which united the Scandinavian countries for over a century. She acted as queen regnant of Denmark, although in those days it was not the Danish custom for a woman to reign. Her title in Denmark was derived from her father King Valdemar IV of Denmark. She became Queen of Norway and Sweden by virtue of her marriage to King Haakon VI of Norway
1468 Bianca Maria Visconti Duchess of Milan from 1450 to 1468.
1503 Konrad III Rudy a Polish Duke of Masovia.
1562 George Gordon 4th Earl of Huntly a Scottish nobleman.
1568 Ashikaga Yoshihide the 14th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who held nominal power for a few months in 1568 during the Muromachi period of Japan. When he became shogun, he changed his name to Yoshinaga, but he is more conventionally recognized today by the name Yoshihide
1582 Vincenzo Giustiniani (Dominican) an Italian-Greek Dominican friar of Genoese heritage.
1602 John Prince of Schleswig-Holstein the youngest son of Frederick II of Denmark and Norway and Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He went to Russia in 1602 as the bridegroom of Boris Godunov's daughter Ksenia , but fell ill and died before the marriage could take place
1622 Peter Petreius a Swedish diplomat, envoy to Muscovy and author of the History of the Grand Duchy of Muscovy that attempted to present a complete history of Russia from the foundation of Kievan Rus to the end of the Time of Troubles.
1639 Stefano Landi an Italian composer and teacher of the early Baroque Roman School. He was an influential early composer of opera, and wrote the earliest opera on a historical subject: Sant'Alessio
1647 Luis Jerónimo de Cabrera 4th Count of Chinchón a Spanish nobleman and captain general and viceroy of Peru, from January 14, 1629 to December 18, 1639. His wife, Ana de Osorio , is credited as being one of the first Europeans to be treated with quinine, and as the person who introduced that medicine into Europe
1651 Job of Pochayiv a Ukrainian Orthodox monk and Eastern Orthodox saint.
1669 Agustín Moreto y Cavana a Spanish Catholic priest, dramatist and playwright.
1676 Jean Desmarets a French writer and dramatist. He was a founding member, and the first to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1634
1703 John Wallis given partial credit for the development of infinitesimal calculus. Between 1643 and 1689 he served as chief cryptographer for Parliament and, later, the royal court. He is also credited with introducing the symbol for infinity. He similarly used for an infinitesimal. Asteroid 31982 Johnwallis was named after him
1704 John Locke an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism". Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work greatly affected the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence
1708 Prince George of Denmark the husband of Queen Anne, who reigned over Great Britain from 1702.
1709 Dimitry of Rostov a leading opponent of the Caesaropapist reform of the Russian Orthodox church promoted by Feofan Prokopovich. He is representative of the strong Ukrainian influence upon the Russian Orthodox Church at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries
1713 Paolo Lorenzani an Italian composer of the Baroque Era. While living in France, he helped promote appreciation for the Italian style of music
1716 Stephen Fox an English politician.
1727 Boris Kurakin the third permanent Russian ambassador abroad, succeeding Andrey Matveyev in The Hague and one of the closest associates of Peter the Great. He was also the tsar's brother-in-law, being married to a sister of Eudoxia Lopukhina
1740 Anna of Russia reigned as Empress of Russia from 1730 to 1740. Prior to her accession to the Russian throne, she was the regent of the Duchy of Courland from 1711 until 1730
1754 Friedrich von Hagedorn born at Hamburg, where his father, a man of scientific and literary taste, was Danish ambassador.
1755 Joseph Bodin de Boismortier a French baroque composer of instrumental music, cantatas, opéra-ballets, and vocal music. Boismortier was one of the first composers to have no patrons: having obtained a royal license for engraving music in 1724, he made enormous sums of money by publishing his music for sale to the public
1763 Heinrich von Brühl a Polish-Saxon statesman at the court of Saxony and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and a member of the powerful German von Brühl family. The incumbency of the ambitious politician went along with the decline of both states. Brühl was a skillful diplomat and cunning strategist, who managed to attain control over of Saxony and Poland, partly by controlling its king, August III the Saxon, who ultimately only could be accessed through Brühl himself
1768 Michel Blavet a French composer and flute virtuoso. Although Blavet taught himself to play almost every instrument, he specialized in the bassoon and the flute which he held to the left, the opposite of how most flutists hold theirs today
1771 Johann Gottlieb Graun a German Baroque/Classical era composer and violinist, born in Wahrenbrück.
1782 Princess Charlotte Amalie of Denmark a Danish princess, issue of King Frederick IV of Denmark and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow.
1787 Johann Karl August Musäus a popular German author and one of the first collectors of German folk stories, most celebrated for his Volksmärchen der Deutschen , a collection of German fairy tales retold as satires.
1792 John Smeaton an English civil engineer responsible for the design of bridges, canals, harbours and lighthouses. He was also a capable mechanical engineer and an eminent physicist. Smeaton was the first self-proclaimed civil engineer, and often regarded as the "father of civil engineering"
1792 Paul Möhring a German physician, botanist and zoologist.
1800 Artemas Ward an American major general in the American Revolutionary War and a Congressman from Massachusetts. President John Adams described him as "...universally esteemed, beloved and confided in by his army and his country." He was considered an effective political leader
1806 Charlotte Turner Smith an English Romantic poet and novelist. She initiated a revival of the English sonnet, helped establish the conventions of Gothic fiction, and wrote political novels of sensibility
1811 Yashwantrao Holkar H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant Yashwant Rao Holkar Bahadur, was one of the Maharaja from Maratha Empire. He was born on 3 December 1776. He was a gifted military leader and educated in accountancy as well as literate in Persian and Marathi. Yashwant Rao has been often referred to as the "Napoleon of India"
1814 Prince Vakhtang-Almaskhan of Georgia a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty, born to King Heraclius II and Queen Darejan Dadiani. He distinguished himself in the war with Iran in 1795 and was then active in opposition to his half-brother George XII of Georgia and the newly established Russian administration in Georgia. In 1802 he surrendered to the Russian authorities and spent the rest of his life in Petersburg, working on an overview of Georgia's history. In Russia he was known as the tsarevich Vakhtang Irakliyevich Gruzinsky
1818 Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke a Marshal of France and French politician of Irish descent.
1818 Abigail Adams the wife of John Adams, the first Vice President, and second President, of the United States, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth President. She is now designated the first Second Lady and second First Lady of the United States, although these titles were not in use at the time
1831 Jean Florimond Boudon de Saint-Amans a French naturalist and antiquarian. He was the author of works involving agriculture, botany and antiquities
1841 Francesco Morlacchi an Italian composer of more than twenty operas. During the many years he spent as the royal Royal Kapellmeister in Dresden, he was instrumental in popularizing the Italian style of opera
1841 Johan August Arfwedson a Swedish chemist who discovered the chemical element lithium in 1817 by isolating it as a salt.
1844 Sándor Kisfaludy a Hungarian lyric poet, Himfy's Loves his chief work, was less distinguished as a dramatist. He is considered to be the first romantic poet from Hungary. He was the brother of Károly Kisfaludy. He has been set to music by Zoltán Kodály