Born on October 29

1504 Shin Saimdang a Korean artist, writer, calligraphist, noted poet, and the mother of the Korean Confucian scholar Yulgok. Often held up as a model of Confucian ideals, her respectful nickname was Eojin Eomeoni. Her real name was Yinsun. Her pennames were Saimdang, Inimdang and Imsajae
1507 Fernando Álvarez de Toledo 3rd Duke of Alba a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat. He was titled the 3rd Duke of Alba de Tormes, 4th Marquis of Coria, 3rd Count of Salvatierra de Tormes, 2nd Count of Piedrahita, 8th Lord of Valdecorneja, Grandee of Spain, and a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. His motto in Latin was Deo patrum Nostrorum, which in English means "To the God of our fathers"
1560 Christian I Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1586 to 1591. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin
1633 Antonio Magliabechi an Italian librarian, scholar and bibliophile.
1682 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix a French Jesuit priest, traveller and historian, often distinguished as the first historian of New France, which then occupied much of North America known to Europeans.
1690 Martin Folkes PRS , English antiquary, numismatist mathematician, and astronomer.
1704 John Byng a Royal Navy officer. After joining the navy at the age of thirteen, he participated at the Battle of Cape Passaro in 1718. Over the next thirty years he built up a reputation as a solid naval officer and received promotion to Vice-Admiral in 1747
1705 Gerhard Friedrich Müller a historian and pioneer ethnologist.
1733 Gottfried van Swieten a diplomat, librarian, and government official who served the Austrian Empire during the 18th century. He was an enthusiastic amateur musician and is best remembered today as the patron of several great composers of the Classical era, including Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven
1740 James Boswell a Scottish lawyer, diarist, and author born in Edinburgh. He is best known for the biography he wrote of one of his contemporaries, the English literary figure Samuel Johnson, which the modern Johnsonian critic Harold Bloom has claimed is the greatest biography written in the English language
1746 Charles II August Duke of Zweibrücken Duke of Zweibrücken from 1775 to 1795. A member of the Palatine House of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach, he was the elder brother of the first King of Bavaria, Maximilian I, and of Queen Amalia of Saxony
1754 Philipp Gottfried Gaertner a German botanist.
1767 Simon Canuel a French general.
1771 Dmitry Golitsyn a Russian cavalry general prominent during the Napoleonic Wars, statesman and military writer.
1772 Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire a French naturalist and artist, born in Grasse, France.
1790 Adolph Diesterweg said to be precursory to the reform of pedagogy.
1792 Giovanni Battista Niccolini an Italian poet and playwright of the Italian unification movement or Risorgimento.
1811 Louis Blanc a French politician and historian. A socialist who favored reforms, he called for the creation of cooperatives in order to guarantee employment for the urban poor
1811 Charles Wright (botanist) an American botanist.
1811 Prince Adalbert of Prussia (1811–1873) a son of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and Landgravine Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg. He was a naval theorist and admiral. He was instrumental during the Revolutions of 1848 in founding the first unified German fleet, the Reichsflotte. During the 1850s he helped to establish the Prussian Navy
1813 Eugène Pelletan a French writer, journalist and politician.
1813 William Benjamin Carpenter an English physician, invertebrate zoologist and physiologist. He was instrumental in the early stages of the unified University of London
1813 Narciso Campero president of Bolivia from 1880 to 1884. The Narciso Campero Province was named after him
1814 Claude Thomas Alexis Jordan a French botanist and taxonomist.
1815 Dan Emmett an American songwriter, entertainer, and founder of the first troupe of the blackface minstrel tradition.
1816 Ferdinand II of Portugal King of Portugal jure uxoris as husband of Queen Maria II from the birth of their son in 1837 to her death in 1853.
1822 Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski born in Górki in Russian controlled Congress Poland to Count Josef Ledóchowski and Maria Zakrzewska. He was uncle to such high-ranking and notable religious as Saint Ursula Ledóchowska, the Blessed Maria Teresia Ledóchowska and Father Wlodimir Ledóchowski, General Superior of the Society of Jesus
1823 Clement Mansfield Ingleby a Shakespearian scholar, perhaps best remembered as John Payne Collier's nemesis.
1826 Giuseppe Zanardelli an Italian jurisconsult, nationalist and political figure. He was the Prime Minister of Italy from February 15, 1901 to November 3, 1903. He was a distinguished jurist and eloquent orator. Zanardelli, representing the bourgeoisie from Lombardy, personified the classical 19th-century left liberalism, committed to suffrage expansion, anticlericalism, civil liberties, free trade and laissez-faire economics. Throughout his long political career he was among the most ardent advocats of freedom of conscience and divorce
1828 Thomas F. Bayard an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat from Wilmington, Delaware. A Democrat, he served three terms as United States Senator from Delaware and made three unsuccessful bids for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States. In 1885, President Grover Cleveland appointed him Secretary of State. After four years in private life, he returned to the diplomatic arena as Ambassador to the United Kingdom
1831 Othniel Charles Marsh an American paleontologist. Marsh was one of the preeminent scientists in the field; the discovery or description of dozens of new species and theories on the origins of birds are among his legacies
1832 Narcisa de Jesús a Roman Catholic saint from Nobol, Ecuador. She was a laywoman known for her charitable giving and strict devotion, becoming a consecrated virgin. She was beatified by Pope John Paul II on October 25, 1992 and canonized on October 12, 2008 by Pope Benedict XVI. Today her body lies in repose at the Santuario de Santa Narcisa de Jesús Martillo y Morán in Nobol, Ecuador. Her feast day is August 30
1837 Abraham Kuyper a Dutch journalist, statesman and Calvinist theologian. He was a master organizer. He founded a new church , a newspaper, the Free University of Amsterdam, and the Anti-Revolutionary Party. He served as prime minister of the Netherlands between 1901 and 1905. In religious affairs, he sought to adapt the Dutch Reformed Church to the challenges posed by the loss of state financial and aid, by religious pluralism, rising nationalism, and the arminian religious revivals of his day which denied predestination. He vigorously denounced modernism in theology as a fad that would pass away. In politics he dominated the Anti-Revolutionary Party from its founding 1879 to his death in 1920. He promoted pillarization, the social expression of the anti-thesis in public life, whereby Protestant, Catholic and secular elements each had their own independent schools, universities and social organizations
1839 Imre Steindl a Hungarian architect.
1841 Rudolph Sohm a German jurist and Church historian as well as a theologian. His published works concerned Roman and German law, Canon law and Church History
1850 Israel Dov Frumkin a pioneer of Hebrew journalism, author, and builder of Jerusalem.
1855 Paul Bruchési a Canadian prelate.
1856 Hans Winderstein a German conductor and composer.
1856 Jacques Curie a French physicist and professor of mineralogy at the University of Montpellier. Along with his younger brother, Pierre Curie, he studied pyroelectricity in the 1880s, leading to their discovery of some of the mechanisms behind piezoelectricity
1858 Piotr Stachiewicz a Polish painter and illustrator.
1859 Ernst Hartert a German ornithologist. Hartert was born in Hamburg. He was employed by Lionel Walter Rothschild as ornithological curator of his private museum at Tring from 1892 to 1929
1859 Vladimir Shevyakov a Russian biologist who worked on Protozoa.
1861 Andrei Ryabushkin a Russian painter. His major works were devoted to life of ordinary Russians of the 17th century
1866 Antonio Luna a Filipino pharmacist and general who fought in the Philippine–American War. He was also the founder of the Philippines's first military academy, which existed during the First Philippine Republic. He was regarded as the most brilliant of the Filipino military officers during the war. Succeeding Artemio Ricarte as commander of the Philippine Revolutionary Army, he organized professional guerrilla soldiers later to be known as the Luna sharpshooters. His three-tier defense, now known as the Luna Defense Line, gave the American troops a hard campaign in the provinces north of Manila
1866 Carl Gustav Witt a German astronomer who used to work at the popular observatory of the Urania astronomical association of Berlin.
1867 Isidor Sadger a forensic doctor and psychoanalyst in Vienna. A leader in the early development of psychoanalysis, he began his career as a neurological specialist and, in 1894, began publishing a series of articles on psychophysiology. He studied with Sigmund Freud from 1895 to 1904 with a concentration in homosexuality and fetishism and coined the term Sadomasochismus in 1913. He also coined the term "Narcissmus". In September 1942, he was deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp, where he died
1875 Alva B. Adams a Democratic politician who represented Colorado in the United States Senate from 1923 until 1924 and again from 1933 to 1941.
1875 Marie of Romania the last Queen consort of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I.
1877 Wilfred Rhodes an English professional cricketer who played 58 Test matches for England between 1899 and 1930. In Tests, Rhodes took 127 wickets and scored 2,325 runs, becoming the first Englishman to complete the double of 1,000 runs and 100 wickets in Test matches. He holds the world records both for the most appearances made in first-class cricket , and for the most wickets taken. He completed the double of 1,000 runs and 100 wickets in an English cricket season a record 16 times. Rhodes played for Yorkshire and England into his fifties, and in his final Test in 1930 was, at 52 years and 165 days, the oldest player who has appeared in a Test match
1877 Narcisa de Leon a Filipino film producer. Clad daily in the frugal rural dress of the camisón, saya and chinelas, Doña Sisang, as she was widely known, was already a 61-year old widow when she entered the film industry. Nonetheless, she chartered her family-owned LVN Pictures into a dominant position in post-World War II Philippine cinema. In addition, de Leon was one of the most highly regarded Filipino businesswomen of the first half of the 20th century