Died on October 29

1050 Eadsige Archbishop of Canterbury, and crowned Edward the Confessor as king of England.
1266 Margaret of Austria Queen of Bohemia a Queen Consort of the Romans 1225–35, titular Duchess of Austria in 1252–60, and Queen consort of Bohemia 1253–60.
1268 Conradin the Duke of Swabia , King of Jerusalem , and King of Sicily.
1268 Frederick I Margrave of Baden Margrave of Baden and Verona, as well as claimant Duke of Austria from October 4, 1250 until his death. As a fellow campaigner of Conradin of Hohenstaufen, he likewise was beheaded at Naples at the behest of Charles of Anjou
1321 Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia the King of Serbia between 1282–1321, a member of the Nemanjić dynasty. He was one of the most powerful rulers of Serbia in the Middle Ages. As most of the Nemanjić monarchs, he was proclaimed a saint by the Serbian Orthodox Church with a feast day on October 30
1339 Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Tver a Prince of Tver as Alexander I and Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal as Alexander II.
1348 Eleanor of Portugal Queen of Aragon Queen of Aragon as the wife of King Peter She was born as a Portuguese infanta, the youngest daughter of King Afonso IV of Portugal and his first wife, Beatrice of Castile.
1456 Wenceslaus II Duke of Opava-Ratibor a member of the Opavian branch of the Přemyslid dynasty. He was Duke of Ratibor and Kronov jointly with his brother Nicholas V from 1424 to 1437 and the sole Duke of Ratibor from 1437 until his death
1585 Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha an Ottoman statesman and military commander who also held the office of grand vizier for one year.
1590 Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert a Dutch writer, philosopher, translator, politician and theologian. Coornhert is often considered the Father of Dutch Renaissance scholarship
1618 Walter Raleigh an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy, and explorer and cousin to Sir Richard Grenville. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England
1626 Ferdinando Gonzaga Duke of Mantua Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1612 until his death.
1650 David Calderwood a Scottish divine and historian.
1666 Edmund Calamy the Elder an English Presbyterian church leader and divine. Known as "the elder", he was the first of four generations of nonconformist ministers bearing the same name
1675 Andreas Hammerschmidt a German Bohemian composer and organist of the early to middle Baroque era. He was one of the most significant and popular composers of sacred music in Germany in the middle 17th century
1677 Charles Coypeau d'Assoucy a French musician and burlesque poet. In the mid-1630s he began using the nom de plume "D'Assouci" or "Dassoucy"
1692 Melchisédech Thévenot a French author, scientist, traveler, cartographer, orientalist, inventor, and diplomat. He was the inventor of the spirit level and is also famous for his popular 1696 book The Art of Swimming, one of the first books on the subject and widely read during the 18th century. The book popularized the breaststroke. He also influenced the founding of the Académie Royale des Sciences
1702 Bartholomew Sharp an English buccaneer whose pirate career lasted only three years. His flagship was the Trinity
1730 Jean Louis Petitot the eldest son of Jean Petitot, and was instructed in enameling by his father. Some of his works so closely resemble those of the elder Petitot that it is difficult to distinguish between them, and he was really the only serious rival his father ever had. He settled for a while in London, where he remained till 1682, and painted many enamel portraits of Charles In 1682 he removed to Paris, but in 1695 was back again in London, where he remained until his death
1783 Jean le Rond d'Alembert a French mathematician, mechanician, physicist, philosopher, and music theorist. Until 1759 he was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. D'Alembert's formula for obtaining solutions to the wave equation is named after him. The wave equation is sometimes referred to as d'Alembert's equation
1799 Domenico Cirillo an Italian physician, entomologist, botanist and patriot.
1804 George Morland an English painter of animals and rustic scenes.
1812 Victor Lahorie a French general who served during the First Empire.
1812 Claude François de Malet born in Dole to an aristocratic family. He was executed by firing squad, six days after staging a failed republican coup d'état as Napoleon I returned from the disastrous Russian campaign in 1812
1819 François Guillaume Ducray-Duminil a French novelist, poet and song-writer.
1824 Charles Pinckney (governor) an American politician who was a signer of the United States Constitution, the 37th Governor of South Carolina, a Senator and a member of the House of Representatives. He was first cousin once removed of fellow signer Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
1829 Maria Anna Mozart a musician, the older sister of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and daughter of Leopold and Anna Maria Mozart.
1838 Ivan Kotliarevsky a Ukrainian writer, poet and playwright, social activist, regarded as the pioneer of modern Ukrainian literature. Kotlyarevsky was a veteran of the Russo-Turkish War
1851 William Wyon official chief engraver at the Royal Mint from 1828 until his death.
1853 Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann a French pianist, composer, and music teacher.
1863 Marie Alphonse Bedeau a French general and minister.
1866 James Beckwourth an American mountain man, fur trader, and explorer. An African American born into slavery in Virginia, he was freed by his father and apprenticed to a blacksmith; later he moved to the American West. As a fur trapper, he lived with the Crow for years. He is credited with the discovery of Beckwourth Pass through the Sierra Nevada Mountains between present-day Reno, Nevada and Portola, California during the California Gold Rush years, and improved the Beckwourth Trail, which thousands of settlers followed to central California
1869 Christodoulos Hatzipetros a Greek military leader during the Greek War of Independence, who became a general and adjutant to King Otto of Greece after Independence.
1872 Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant a leading French chess master and an editor of the chess periodical Le Palamède. He is best known for losing a match against Howard Staunton in 1843 that is often considered to have been an unofficial match for the World Chess Championship
1873 John of Saxony a King of Saxony and a member of the House of Wettin.
1874 Andrzej Artur Zamoyski a Polish nobleman, landowner and political and economic activist.
1877 Nathan Bedford Forrest a lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He is remembered both as a self-educated, innovative cavalry leader during the war and as a leading southern advocate in the postwar years. He was a pledged delegate from Tennessee to the New York Democratic national convention of 4 July 1868. He served as the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, but later distanced himself from the organization
1881 Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud a French physician born in Bragette, now part of Garat, Charente. Bouillaud was an early advocate in regard to the localization of cerebral functions
1882 Gustav Nottebohm a pianist, teacher, musical editor and composer who spent most of his career in Vienna. He is particularly celebrated for his studies of Beethoven
1883 Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose a French Catholic and senator. He was the last surviving cardinal to have been born in the 18th century
1885 George B. McClellan a major general during the American Civil War and the Democratic presidential nominee in 1864, who later served as Governor of New Jersey. He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly as the general-in-chief of the Union Army. Early in the war, McClellan played an important role in raising a well-trained and organized army for the Union. Although McClellan was meticulous in his planning and preparations, these characteristics may have hampered his ability to challenge aggressive opponents in a fast-moving battlefield environment. He chronically overestimated the strength of enemy units and was reluctant to apply principles of mass, frequently leaving large portions of his army unengaged at decisive points
1891 Georg Rosen (1821–1891) a German Orientalist, brother of Friedrich August Rosen, and father of Friedrich Rosen. He studied in Berlin and Leipzig
1897 Henry George an American writer, politician and political economist, who was the most influential proponent of the land value tax and the value capture of land/natural resource rents, an idea known at the time as Single-Tax. His immensely popular writing is credited with sparking several reform movements of the Progressive Era and ultimately inspiring the broad economic philosophy often referred to today as Georgism, the main tenet of which is that people legitimately own value they fairly create, but that resources and common opportunities, most importantly the value of land, belongs equally to all humanity. His most famous work, Progress and Poverty , sold millions of copies worldwide, probably more than any other American book before that time. It is a treatise on inequality, the cyclic nature of industrialized economies, and the use of the land value tax as a remedy
1901 Leon Czolgosz a Polish-American former steel worker responsible for the assassination of U.S. President William McKinley
1905 Hendrik Witbooi (Namaqua chief) a king of the Namaqua people, a sub-tribe of the Khoikhoi. He lived in present day Namibia. Witbooi is regarded as one of the national heroes of Namibia. His face is portrayed on the obverse of all N$50, N$100 and N$200 Namibian dollar banknotes
1905 Étienne Desmarteau a Canadian athlete, winner of the weight throwing event at the 1904 Summer Olympics.
1907 Gerald Massey an English poet and writer on Spiritualism and Ancient Egypt.
1908 Silvije Strahimir Kranjčević a Croatian poet. His reflexive poetry, reaching its zenith in the 1890s, was a turning point that ushered modern themes in Croatian poetry
1911 Joseph Pulitzer a Hungarian-American Jewish newspaper publisher of the Louis Post Dispatch and the New York World. Pulitzer introduced the techniques of "new journalism" to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s. He became a leading national figure in the Democratic Party and was elected Congressman from New York. He crusaded against big business and corruption, and helped keep the Statue of Liberty in New York
1914 Félix Bracquemond a French painter and etcher.