October 29 events in history

312 Constantine the Great enters Rome after his victory at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, stages a grand adventus in the city, and is met with popular jubilation. Maxentius' body is fished out of the Tiber and beheaded
437 Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople unifying the two branches of the House of Theodosius
969 Byzantine troops occupy Antioch Syria
1268 Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic Church
1390 First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people
1422 Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France though he isn't officially crowned king until 1429
1467 Battle of Brustem: Charles the Bold defeats Liège
1591 Pope Innocent IX is elected
1611 Russian homage to the King of Poland, Sigismund III Vasa
1618 English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England
1658 Second Northern War: Naval forces of the Dutch Republic defeat the Swedes in the Battle of the Sound
1665 Battle of Ambuila, in which Portuguese forces defeat the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king António I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga
1675 Leibniz makes the first use of the long s (∫) as a symbol of the integral in calculus
1787 Mozart's opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance in Prague
1792 Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River
1863 Eighteen countries meet in Geneva and agree to form the International Red Cross
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie: Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant repel a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee
1886 The first ticker tape parade takes place in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty is dedicated
1888 The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace
1901 In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine
1901 Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution
1918 The German High Seas Fleet is incapacitated when sailors mutiny on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which would trigger the German Revolution of 1918–19
1921 The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed
1921 Second trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in the United States of America
1921 The Harvard University football team loses to Centre College, ending a 25 game winning streak. This is considered one of the biggest upsets in college football
1922 King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister
1923 Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire
1929 The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of '29 or "Black Tuesday", ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression
1941 The Holocaust: In the Kaunas Ghetto over 10,000 Jews are shot by German occupiers at the Ninth Fort, a massacre known as the "Great Action"
1942 The Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews
1944 The city of Breda in the Netherlands is liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division
1944 World War II: The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary
1945 Getúlio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns
1948 Safsaf massacre: Israeli soldiers capture Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee and massacre villagers after they surrender
1953 BCPA Flight 304 DC-6 crashes near San Francisco. Pianist William Kapell is among the 19 killed
1955 The Soviet battleship Novorossiysk strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol
1956 Suez Crisis begins: Israeli forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal
1956 The Tangier Protocol is signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco
1957 Israel's prime minister David Ben-Gurion and five of his ministers are injured when a hand grenade is tossed into Israel's parliament, the Knesset
1960 In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight
1960 An airplane carrying the Cal Poly football team crashes on takeoff in Toledo, Ohio
1961 Syria exits from the United Arab Republic
1964 The United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is renamed the United Republic of Tanzania
1964 A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g) Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves (among them is "Murph the surf") from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City
1967 London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall
1967 Montreal's World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors
1969 The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet
1971 In Macon, Georgia, guitarist Duane Allman is killed in a motorcycle accident
1972 The three surviving perpetrators of the Munich massacre are released from prison in exchange for the hostages of hijacked Lufthansa Flight 615
1980 Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base's Duke Field, Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport