October 3 events in history

382 Roman Emperor Theodosius I concludes a peace treaty with the Goths and settles them in the Balkans in exchange for military service
1283 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, is the first nobleman to be executed by hanging, drawing and quartering
1574 The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen
1683 The Qing dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu
1712 The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor
1739 The Treaty of Niš is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian–Turkish War, 1736–39
1778 Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska
1789 George Washington makes the first Thanksgiving Day designated by the national government of the United States of America
1835 The Staedtler company is founded in Nuremberg, Germany
1849 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death
1863 The last Thursday in November is declared as Thanksgiving Day by United States President Abraham Lincoln as are Thursdays, November 30, 1865 and November 29, 1866
1872 The Bloomingdale brothers open their first store at 938 Third Avenue, New York City
1873 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War
1912 U.S. forces defeat Nicaraguan rebels under the command of Benjamín Zeledón at the Battle of Coyotepe Hill
1918 King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne
1919 Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a World Series
1929 The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia, "Land of the South Slavs"
1932 Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom
1935 Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia under General de Bono
1942 Spaceflight: The first successful launch of a V-2 /A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany. It is the first man-made object to reach space
1949 WERD, the first black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta
1950 Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San, primarily pitting Australian and British forces against communist China, begins
1952 The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon to become the world's third nuclear power
1957 The California State Superior Court rules that Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems is not obscene
1962 Project Mercury: Sigma 7 is launched from Cape Canaveral, with astronaut Wally Schirra aboard, for a six-orbit, nine-hour flight
1963 A violent coup in Honduras pre-empts the October 13 election, ends a period of reform, and begins two decades of military rule
1981 The hunger strike by Provisional Irish Republican Army and Irish National Liberation Army prisoners at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland ends after seven months and ten deaths
1985 The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight. (Mission STS-51-J)
1986 TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories, is officially opened
1990 German reunification: The German Democratic Republic ceases to exist and its territory becomes part of the Federal Republic of Germany. East German citizens became part of the European Community, which later became the European Union. Now celebrated as German Unity Day
1993 Battle of Mogadishu: In a failed attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's organisation in Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 U.S. soldiers and about 1,000 Somalis are killed in heavy fighting
1995 O. J. Simpson is acquitted of the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman
2008 The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 for the U.S. financial system is signed by President George W. Bush
2009 The presidents of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey sign the Nakhchivan Agreement on the Establishment of Turkic Council
2013 At least 134 migrants are killed when their boat sinks near the Italian island of Lampedusa
2013 The Gambia withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations