Died on October 30

130 Antinous a Bithynian Greek youth and a favourite, or lover, of the Roman emperor Hadrian. He was deified after his death, being worshiped in both the Greek East and Latin West, sometimes as a god and sometimes merely as a deified mortal
1282 Ibn Khallikan a 13th Century Shafi'i Islamic scholar of Arab or Kurdish origin.
1459 Poggio Bracciolini a Florentine and Roman scholar who served under seven popes as a scholar, writer, and an early humanist. He was responsible for recovering and rediscovering a great number of classical Latin manuscripts, mostly decaying and forgotten in German, Swiss, and French monastic libraries, including De rerum natura, the only surviving work by Lucretius, and disseminated manuscript copies among his learned friends
1466 Johann Fust an early German printer.
1495 Francis Count of Vendôme a French prince. He was the Count of Vendôme
1522 Jean Mouton a French composer of the Renaissance. He was famous both for his motets, which are among the most refined of the time, and for being the teacher of Adrian Willaert, one of the founders of the Venetian School
1553 Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck a German statesman, one of the preeminent promoters of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.
1583 Pirro Ligorio an Italian architect, painter, antiquarian and garden designer.
1602 Jean-Jacques Boissard a French antiquary and Neo-Latin poet.
1611 Charles IX of Sweden King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. He was the youngest son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife, Margaret Leijonhufvud, brother of Eric XIV and John III, and uncle of Sigismund I/III, king of both Sweden and Poland. By his father's will he got, by way of appanage, the Duchy of Södermanland, which included the provinces of Närke and Värmland; but he did not come into actual possession of them till after the fall of Eric and the succession to the throne of John in 1568
1626 Willebrord Snellius a Dutch astronomer and mathematician, known in the English-speaking world as Snell. In the west, especially the English speaking countries, his name has been attached to the law of refraction of light for several centuries, but it is now known that this law was first discovered by Ibn Sahl in 984. The same law was also investigated by Ptolemy and in the Middle Ages by Witelo, but due to lack of adequate mathematical instruments their results were saved as tables, not functions
1632 Henri II de Montmorency a French nobleman and military commander.
1654 Emperor Go-Kōmyō the 110th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1680 Antoinette Bourignon a French-Flemish mystic and adventurer. She taught that the end times would come soon and that the Last Judgment would then be felled. Her belief was that she was chosen by God to restore true Christianity on earth and became the central figure of a spiritual network that extended beyond the borders of the Dutch Republic, including Holstein and Scotland. Bourignon's sect belonged to the spiritualist movements that have been characterized as the "third power"
1685 Michel Le Tellier a French statesman.
1704 Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark the second daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp from 1667 to 1695 as the consort of Duke Christian Albert.
1742 Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg a margravine of Baden. She had a place in the regency during the minority of her grandson in 1738-42
1757 Osman III the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1754 to 1757.
1757 Edward Vernon an English naval officer. Vernon was born in Westminster and went to Westminster School. He joined the Royal Navy in 1700 and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1702. After five years as Lieutenant, he was appointed Captain in 1706. His first command was the HMS Rye, part of the fleet of Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell
1786 William Duesbury an important enameller and British entrepreneur, founder of the Royal Crown Derby and owner of porcelain factories at Bow, Chelsea, Derby and Longton Hall.
1787 Ferdinando Galiani an Italian economist, a leading Italian figure of the Enlightenment. Friedrich Nietzsche referred to him as "a most fastidious and refined intelligence" as well as "..the most profound, sharp-sighted and perhaps also the foulest man of his century."
1802 Charles Alexandre de Calonne a French statesman, best known for his involvement in the French Revolution.
1809 William Cavendish-Bentinck 3rd Duke of Portland a British Whig and Tory statesman, Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Prime Minister of Great Britain, serving in 1783 and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1807 to 1809. The 24 years between his two terms as Prime Minister is the longest gap between terms of office of any Prime Minister. He was known before 1762 by the courtesy title Marquess of Titchfield. He held a title of every degree of British nobility—Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron. He is also a great-great-great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II through her maternal grandmother
1812 Nikolay Tuchkov a Russian general of the Russo-Swedish War , the suppression of the Kościuszko Uprising and the opposition to the French invasion of Russia. He rose to the rank of lieutenant general and commander of an infantry corps
1813 Antoine Guillaume Delmas a French Revolutionary and Napoleonic general.
1816 Frederick I of Württemberg the last Duke of Würtemberg, then briefly Elector of Württemberg, and was later elevated to the status of King of Württemberg, by Napoleon He was known for his size: at 2.11 m and about 200 kg.
1823 Edmund Cartwright an English inventor. He graduated from Oxford University very early and went on to invent the power loom. Married to local Elizabeth McMac at 19, he was the brother of Major John Cartwright, a political reformer and radical, and George Cartwright, explorer of Labrador
1824 Charles Maturin Robert Maturin, also known as C.R. Maturin , was an Irish Protestant clergyman and a writer of Gothic plays and novels. His best known work is the novel Melmoth the Wanderer
1827 Henry Salt (Egyptologist) an English artist, traveller, collector of antiquities, diplomat, and Egyptologist.
1842 Allan Cunningham (author) a Scottish poet and author.
1845 Nicolas Toussaint Charlet born in Paris.
1847 Henriette Paalzow a German historical novelist.
1853 Pietro Raimondi an Italian composer, transitional between the Classical and Romantic eras. While he was famous at the time as a composer of operas and sacred music, he was also as an innovator in contrapuntal technique as well as in creation of gigantic musical simultaneities
1857 Prince Okropir of Georgia a Georgian prince royal of the Bagrationi Dynasty.
1862 Ormsby M. Mitchel an American astronomer and major general in the American Civil War.
1867 John Albion Andrew an American lawyer and politician in Massachusetts. He was elected in 1860 as the 25th Governor of Massachusetts, serving between 1861 and 1866, and led the state's contributions to the Union cause during the American Civil War. He was a guiding force behind the creation of some of the first African-American units in the United States Army, including the famed 54th Massachusetts Infantry
1877 Felix Sumarokov-Elston the Ataman of the Kuban Cossacks and the Governor of Kuban Oblast in the late 1860s.
1883 Robert Volkmann a German composer.
1883 Dayananda Saraswati an important Hindu religious leader of his time. He is well known as the founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. He was a profound scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit language. He was the first to give the call for Swarajya as "India for Indians" – in 1876, later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak. Denouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship prevalent in Hinduism at the time, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies. Subsequently the philosopher and President of India, Radhakrishnan, called him one of the "makers of Modern India," as did Sri Aurobindo
1885 Gustav Merkel a German organist and composer.
1890 Louis Jacolliot a French barrister, colonial judge, author and lecturer.
1891 Truman Seymour a career soldier and an accomplished painter. He served in the Union Army during the American Civil War, rising to the rank of major general. He was present at the Battle of Fort Sumter. He commanded the Union troops at the Battle of Olustee, the largest Civil War battle fought in Florida
1892 Olga Nikolaevna of Russia a member of the Russian imperial family who became Queen Consort of Württemberg.
1893 John Abbott the third Prime Minister of Canada. He served in the office for seventeen months, from June 16, 1891 to November 24, 1892
1893 Karl Bodmer a printmaker, etcher, lithographer, zinc engraver, draftsman, painter, illustrator and hunter. Known as Karl Bodmer in literature and paintings, as a Swiss and French citizen his name has been listed as Johann Karl Bodmer and Jean-Charles Bodmer respectively. After 1843, likely as a result of his son Charles-Henry Barbizon, he began to sign his works K Bodmer
1893 August Carl Eduard Baldamus a German ornithologist.
1894 Honoré Mercier a lawyer, journalist and politician in Quebec, Canada. He was the ninth Premier of Quebec from January 27, 1887 to December 21, 1891, as leader of the Parti National or Quebec Liberal Party
1894 Alexei Korzukhin a Russian genre painter.
1896 Carol Benesch a Silesian architect of Historicism and Eclecticism orientation established in the Kingdom of Romania.
1898 Yakov Polonsky a leading Pushkinist poet who tried to uphold the waning traditions of Russian Romantic poetry during the heyday of realistic prose.