October 30 events in history

637 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of the Iron Bridge
758 Guangzhou is sacked by Arab and Persian pirates
1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily
1270 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis end by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis
1340 Portuguese and Castilian forces halt a Marinid invasion at the Battle of Río Salado
1485 King Henry VII of England is crowned
1501 Ballet of Chestnuts: A banquet held by Cesare Borgia in the Papal Palace where fifty prostitutes or courtesans are in attendance for the entertainment of the guests
1534 English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the English church - a role formerly held by the Pope
1657 Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Ocho Rios during the Anglo-Spanish War
1806 Believing he is facing a much larger force, Prussian Lieutenant General Friedrich von Romberg, commanding 5,300 men, surrendered the city of Stettin to 800 French soldiers commanded by General Lassalle
1817 The independent government of Venezuela is established by Simón Bolívar
1831 In Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave rebellion in United States history
1863 Danish Prince Vilhelm arrives in Athens to assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes
1864 Second Schleswig War ends. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration
1864 Helena, Montana is founded after four prospectors discover gold at "Last Chance Gulch"
1888 Rudd Concession granted by King Lobengula of Matabeleland to agents of Cecil Rhodes led by Charles Rudd
1894 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially
1905 Czar Nicholas II of Russia grants Russia's first constitution, creating a legislative assembly
1918 The Ottoman Empire signs an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East
1920 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney
1922 Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy
1925 John Logie Baird creates Britain's first television transmitter
1929 The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany
1938 Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells's The War of the Worlds, causing anxiety in some of the audience in the United States
1941 World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations
1941 One thousand five hundred Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) are sent by Nazis to Bełżec extermination camp
1942 Lt. Tony Fasson, Able Seaman Colin Grazier and canteen assistant Tommy Brown from HMS Petard board U-559, retrieving material which would lead to the decryption of the German Enigma code
1944 Anne Frank and sister Margot Frank are deported from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
1945 Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signs a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball color barrier
1947 The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded
1950 Pope Pius XII witnesses the "Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican
1953 Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States' arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat
1960 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary
1961 Nuclear testing: The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 50 megatons of yield, it remains the largest explosive device ever detonated, nuclear or otherwise
1961 Because of "violations of Vladimir Lenin's precepts", it is decreed that Joseph Stalin's body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin's tomb and buried near the Kremlin Wall with a plain granite marker instead
1965 English model Jean Shrimpton causes a global sensation by wearing a daring white minidress to Derby Day at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia
1965 Vietnam War: Near Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas
1970 In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes severe floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War
1972 A collision between two commuter trains in Chicago kills 45 and injures 332
1973 The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus for the second time
1974 The Rumble in the Jungle boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire
1974 As a member of the California Angels, Major League Baseball player Nolan Ryan throws the fastest recorded pitch, at 100.9 miles per hour (162.4 kilometers per hour)
1975 Prince Juan Carlos becomes Spain's acting head of state, taking over for the country's ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco
1980 El Salvador and Honduras sign a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969's Football War before the International Court of Justice
1983 The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule are held
1985 Space Shuttle Challenger lifts off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission
1987 In Japan, NEC releases the first 16-bit (fourth generation) video game console, the PC Engine, which is later sold in other markets under the name TurboGrafx-16
1991 The Madrid Conference for Middle East peace talks opens
1993 The Troubles: The Ulster Defence Association, an Ulster loyalist paramilitary, carry out a mass shooting at a Halloween party in Greysteel, Northern Ireland. Eight civilians are murdered and thirteen wounded
1995 Quebec citizens narrowly vote (50.58% to 49.42%) to remain a province of Canada in their second referendum on national sovereignty