October 31 in history

October 31 events chronologically

475 Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed Western Roman Emperor
683 During the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba catches fire and is burned down
1517 Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg
1587 Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575
1822 Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempts to dissolve the Congress of the Mexican Empire
1861 American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army
1863 The Maori Wars resume as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato

Top 7 most famous people born on October 31

1451 Christopher Columbus a Genoese explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World
1632 Johannes Vermeer a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. Vermeer was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime. He seems never to have been particularly wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings
1760 Hokusai a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter and printmaker of the Edo period. He was influenced by such painters as Sesshu, and other styles of Chinese painting. Born in Edo , Hokusai is best known as author of the woodblock print series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji which includes the internationally recognized print, The Great Wave off Kanagawa, created during the 1820s
1795 John Keats an English Romantic poet. He was one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poets along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley despite his work having been in publication for only four years before his death
1887 Chiang Kai-shek a Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975. He is known as Jiang Jieshi or Jiang Zhongzheng in Standard Chinese. Chiang was an influential member of the Kuomintang , the Chinese Nationalist Party, and was a close ally of Sun Yat-sen. He became the Commandant of the Kuomintang's Whampoa Military Academy and took Sun's place as leader of the KMT when Sun died in 1925. In 1926, Chiang led the Northern Expedition to unify the country, becoming China's nominal leader. He served as Chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist government of the Republic of China from 1928 to 1948. Chiang led China in the Second Sino-Japanese War , consolidating power from the party's former regional warlords. Unlike Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek was socially conservative, promoting traditional Chinese culture in the New Life Movement and rejecting western democracy and the nationalist democratic socialism that Sun embraced in favour of an authoritarian government
1892 Alexander Alekhine the fourth World Chess Champion. He is often considered one of the greatest chess players ever
1961 Peter Jackson a New Zealand film director, producer and screenwriter. He is best known as the director and producer of The Lord of the Rings trilogy and The Hobbit trilogy , both of which are adapted from the novels of the same name by R. Tolkien. Other notable films include Heavenly Creatures , Forgotten Silver , The Frighteners , King Kong and The Lovely Bones. He also produced District 9 , The Adventures of Tintin and the documentary West of Memphis

Top 7 most famous people died on October 31

1916 Charles Taze Russell now known as the Bible Student movement, from which Jehovah's Witnesses and numerous independent Bible Student groups emerged after his death.
1918 Egon Schiele an Austrian painter. A protégé of Gustav Klimt, Schiele was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. His work is noted for its intensity and its raw sexuality, and the many self-portraits the artist produced, including naked self-portraits. The twisted body shapes and the expressive line that characterize Schiele's paintings and drawings mark the artist as an early exponent of Expressionism
1926 Harry Houdini a Hungarian-American illusionist and stunt performer, noted for his sensational escape acts. He first attracted notice in vaudeville in the US and then as "Harry Handcuff Houdini" on a tour of Europe, where he challenged police forces to keep him locked Soon he extended his repertoire to include chains, ropes slung from skyscrapers, straitjackets under water, and having to escape from andhold his breath inside a sealed milk can
1984 Indira Gandhi the third Prime Minister of India and a central figure of the Indian National Congress party. Gandhi, who served from 1966 to 1977 and then again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, is the second-longest-serving Prime Minister of India and the only woman to hold the office. Indira Gandhi was the only child of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. She served as the Chief of Staff of her father's highly centralised administration between 1947 and 1964 and came to wield considerable unofficial influence in government. Elected Congress President in 1959, she was offered the premiership in succession to her father. Gandhi refused and instead chose to become a cabinet minister in the government. She finally consented to become Prime Minister in succession to Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966
1993 Federico Fellini an Italian film director and scriptwriter. Known for his distinct style that blends fantasy and baroque images with earthiness, he is considered one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers of the 20th century
1993 River Phoenix an American actor, musician and activist. He was the older brother of Rain Phoenix, Joaquin Phoenix, Summer Phoenix and Liberty Phoenix. Phoenix's work encompassed 24 films and television appearances, including the science fiction adventure film Explorers , the coming-of-age film Stand by Me , the action sequel Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade and the independent adult drama My Own Private Idaho. Phoenix's rise to fame led to his status as a "teen sensation"
2006 P. W. Botha Pieter Willem Botha, DMS , commonly known as "P. W." and Die Groot Krokodil , was the leader of South Africa from 1978 to 1989, serving as the last Prime Minister from 1978 to 1984 and the first executive State President from 1984 to 1989