Died on October 31

932 Al-Muqtadir the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 908 AD to 932 AD.
994 Wolfgang of Regensburg bishop of Regensburg in Bavaria from Christmas 972 until his death. He is a saint of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. He is regarded as one of the three great German saints of the 10th century, the other two being Saint Ulrich and Saint Conrad of Constance
1005 Abe no Seimei an onmyōji, a leading specialist of onmyōdō during the middle of the Heian Period in Japan. In addition to his prominence in history, he is a legendary figure in Japanese folklore and has been portrayed in a number of stories and films
1007 Heriger of Lobbes remembered for his writings as theologian and historian.
1147 Robert 1st Earl of Gloucester an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England. He was the half-brother of the Empress Matilda, and her chief military supporter during the civil war known as The Anarchy, in which she vied with Stephen of Blois for the throne of England
1214 Eleanor of England Queen of Castile Queen of Castile and Toledo as wife of Alfonso VIII of Castile. She was the sixth child and second daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine and received her first name as a namesake of her mother
1335 Marie of Évreux the eldest child of Louis d'Évreux and his wife Margaret of Artois. She was a member of the House of Capet
1436 Enrique Pérez de Guzmán 2nd Count of Niebla a Spanish nobleman and military figure of the Reconquista. He drowned whilst attempting the Seventh Siege of Gibraltar
1448 John VIII Palaiologos the penultimate reigning Byzantine Emperor, ruling from 1425 to 1448.
1512 Anna of Saxony Electress of Brandenburg a princess of Saxony by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
1534 Alfonso I d'Este Duke of Ferrara Duke of Ferrara during the time of the War of the League of Cambrai.
1553 Piotr Kmita Sobieński Grand Marshal of the Crown from 1529 onwards, voivode and starosta of Kraków, starosta of Spiš , starosta of Przemyśl, starosta of Koleński, Castellan of Sandomierz, one of the richest and most influential persons in contemporary Poland. He was the heir of 28 villages, including Wiśnicz, Sobienia and many royal estates, among others, Lipnica Murowana
1615 Marcantonio Memmo the 91st Doge of Venice, reigning from July 24, 1612 until his death.
1641 Cornelis Jol a 17th-Century Dutch corsair and admiral in the Dutch West India Company during the Eighty Years' War between Spain and the fledgling Dutch Republic. He was one of several early buccaneers to attack Campeche, looting the settlement in 1633, and was active against the Spanish in the Spanish Main and throughout the Caribbean during the 1630s and 40s
1659 John Bradshaw (judge) an English judge. He is most notable for his role President of the High Court of Justice for the trial of King Charles I and as the first Lord President of the Council of State of the English Commonwealth
1661 Köprülü Mehmed Pasha the founder of the Albanian Köprülü political dynasty of the Ottoman Empire, a family of viziers, warriors, and statesmen who dominated the administration of the Ottoman Empire during the last half of the 17th century, an era known as the Köprülü era. He helped rebuild the power of the empire by rooting out corruption and reorganizing the Ottoman army. As he introduced these changes, Köprülü also expanded the borders of the empire, defeating the Cossacks, the Hungarians, and most impressively, the Venetians. Köprülü's effectiveness was matched by his reputation
1713 Ferdinando de' Medici Grand Prince of Tuscany the eldest son of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. Ferdinando was heir to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, with the title Grand Prince, from his father's accession in 1670 until his death in 1713. He is remembered today primarily as a patron of music. An excellent musician himself , he attracted top musicians to Florence and thus made it an important musical center. Through his patronage of Bartolomeo Cristofori, Ferdinando made possible the invention of the piano in 1700
1723 Cosimo III de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany the penultimate Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany. He reigned from 1670 to 1723, and was the elder son of Grand Duke Ferdinando Cosimo's 53-year-long reign, the longest in Tuscan history, was marked by a series of ultra-reactionary laws which regulated prostitution and banned May celebrations. His reign also witnessed Tuscany's deterioration to previously unknown economic lows. He was succeeded by his elder surviving son, Gian Gastone, when he died, in 1723
1732 Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia Duke of Savoy from 1675 to 1730. He also held the titles of marquis of Saluzzo, duke of Montferrat, prince of Piedmont, count of Aosta, Moriana and Nizza. Louis XIV organised his marriage in order to maintain French influence in the Duchy but Victor Amadeus soon broke away from the influence of France. At his father's death in 1675, his mother took over a regency in the name of her nine-year-old son and would remain in de facto power till 1684 when Victor Amadeus banished her further involvement in the state. Having fought in the War of the Spanish Succession, he became king of Sicily in 1713 but he was forced to exchange this title and instead became king of Sardinia to which his direct descendants claim as part of the Kingdom of Italy. Victor Amadeus left a considerable cultural influence in Turin remodeling the Royal Palace of Turin, Palace of Venaria, Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi as well as building the Basilica of Superga where he rests
1733 Eberhard Louis Duke of Württemberg the tenth duke of Württemberg, from 1692 until 1733.
1744 Leonardo Leo a Neapolitan Baroque composer.
1765 Prince William Duke of Cumberland the third and youngest son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, and Duke of Cumberland from 1726. He is generally best remembered for his role in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, which success made him immensely popular throughout Britain. At present, however, he is regularly referred to by the nickname given to him by his English Tory opponents: "Butcher" Cumberland. Despite Culloden, he had a largely unsuccessful military career, and following the Convention of Klosterzeven in 1757, he never held active military command, and switched his attentions to politics and horse racing
1768 Francesco Maria Veracini an Italian composer and violinist, perhaps best known for his sets of violin sonatas. As a composer, according to Manfred Bukofzer, "His individual, if not subjective, style has no precedent in baroque music and clearly heralds the end of the entire era" , while Luigi Torchi maintained that "he rescued the imperiled music of the eighteenth century". His contemporary, Charles Burney, held that "he had certainly a great share of whim and caprice, but he built his freaks on a good foundation, being an excellent contrapuntist". The asteroid 10875 Veracini was named after him
1783 Louis-Élisabeth de La Vergne de Tressan a French soldier, physician, scientist, medievalist and writer, best known for his adaptations of "romans chevaleresques" of the Middle Ages, which contributed to the rise of the Troubadour style in the French arts.
1785 Frederick II Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1760 to 1785. He ruled as an enlightened despot, and raised money by renting soldiers to Great Britain to help fight the American Revolutionary War. He combined Enlightenment ideas with Christian values, cameralist plans for central control of the economy, and a militaristic approach toward international diplomacy
1786 Princess Amelia of Great Britain the second daughter of George II of Great Britain.
1793 Armand Gensonné a French politician.
1793 Jacques Pierre Brissot a leading member of the Girondist movement during the French Revolution. Some sources give his name as Jean Pierre Brissot
1793 Jean-Baptiste Boyer-Fonfrède a French Girondin politician.
1793 Claude Fauchet (revolutionist) a French revolutionary bishop.
1793 Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud a lawyer and statesman, and a significant figure of the French Revolution. A deputy to the Assembly from Bordeaux, Vergniaud was a notably eloquent orator. He was a supporter of Jacques Pierre Brissot and the Girondist faction
1803 Petro Kalnyshevsky the last Koshovyi Otaman of the Zaporozhian Host, serving in 1762 and from 1765 to 1775. Kalnyshevsky was the Hero in the Russo-Turkish war of 1768-1774 and was honoured with a gold medal with brilliants for courage
1806 Sophie Mereau a writer of the German romantic school. Her maiden name was Schubart, but she did most of her work under the married name of Mereau. She also later married a second time, to writer Clemens Brentano, and took her husband's surname as her own
1806 Utamaro a Japanese artist. He is one of the most highly regarded practitioners of the ukiyo-e genre of woodblock prints, especially for his portraits of female beauties, or bijin-ga. He also produced nature studies, particularly illustrated books of insects
1822 Jared Ingersoll an early American lawyer and statesman from Philadelphia. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress and signed the U.S. Constitution for Pennsylvania. Ingersoll also served as Pennsylvania state attorney general, 1791–1800 and 1811–1816 and as the United States Attorney for Pennsylvania, 1800-1801
1833 Johann Friedrich Meckel a German anatomist born in Halle. He worked as a professor of anatomy, pathology and zoology at the University of Halle, Germany
1834 Éleuthère Irénée du Pont a French-American chemist and industrialist who founded the gunpowder manufacturer, I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. His descendants, the Du Pont family, were one of America's richest and most prominent families in the 19th and 20th centuries
1839 Peter Yu Tae-chol one of the 103 canonised Korean Martyrs and a son of a government interpreter named Augustine Nyou Tjin-kil, also a martyr.
1841 Georg Anton Friedrich Ast a German philosopher and philologist.
1851 Petar II Petrović-Njegoš considered responsible for the modernization of Montenegro.
1852 Edward Bransfield an officer of the Royal Navy, serving as a master on several ships, and who explored parts of Antarctica.
1858 Karl Thomas Mozart the second son, and the elder of the two surviving sons, of Wolfgang and Constanze Mozart. The other was Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart
1860 Thomas Cochrane 10th Earl of Dundonald a Scottish naval flag officer of the Royal Navy and radical politician.
1867 William Parsons 3rd Earl of Rosse an Anglo-Irish astronomer who had several telescopes built. His 72-inch telescope, built in 1845 and colloquially known of as the "Leviathan of Parsonstown", was the world's largest telescope, in terms of aperture size, until the early 20th century. From 1807 until 1841, he was styled as Baron Oxmantown
1878 Louis-Antoine Garnier-Pagès a French politician who fought on the barricades during the revolution of July.
1879 Joseph Hooker a career United States Army officer, achieving the rank of major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Although he served throughout the war, usually with distinction, Hooker is best remembered for his stunning defeat by Confederate General Robert Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863
1879 Jacob Abbott an American writer of children's books.
1879 John Baldwin Buckstone an English actor, playwright and comedian who wrote 150 plays, the first of which was produced in 1826.
1881 George W. DeLong a United States Navy officer and explorer.
1884 Marie Bashkirtseff a Ukrainian diarist, painter and sculptor.