October 31 events in history

475 Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed Western Roman Emperor
683 During the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba catches fire and is burned down
1517 Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg
1587 Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575
1822 Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempts to dissolve the Congress of the Mexican Empire
1861 American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army
1863 The Maori Wars resume as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato
1864 Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state
1876 A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 deaths
1913 Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile highway across United States
1913 The Indianapolis Streetcar Strike and subsequent riot begins
1917 World War I: Battle of Beersheba: The "last successful cavalry charge in history"
1918 World War I: Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
1922 Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy
1923 The first of 160 consecutive days of 100º Fahrenheit at Marble Bar, Western Australia
1924 World Savings Day is announced in Milan, Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks)
1926 Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that develops after his appendix ruptures
1938 Great Depression: In an effort to restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public
1940 World War II: The Battle of Britain ends: The United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion
1941 After 14 years of work, Mount Rushmore is completed
1941 World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 U.S. Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII
1943 World War II: An F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception by a USN or USMC aircraft
1944 Erich Göstl, a member of the Waffen-SS, is awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, to recognise extreme battlefield bravery, after losing his face and eyes during the Battle of Normandy
1956 Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal
1961 In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin's body is removed from Vladimir Lenin's Tomb
1963 An explosion at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) in Indianapolis kills 74 people and injures another 400 during an ice skating show. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand is blamed
1968 Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1
1973 Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape. Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, Republic of Ireland aboard a hijacked helicopter that lands in the exercise yard
1984 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards. Riots break out in New Delhi and other cities and nearly 10,000 Sikhs are killed
1998 Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors
1999 Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted
1999 EgyptAir Flight 990 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean killing all 217 people on board
2000 Soyuz TM-31 launches, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station. The ISS has been crewed continuously since then
2002 A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas indicts former Enron chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer
2003 Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir's 22 years in power
2011 The global population of humans reaches seven billion. This day is now recognized by the United Nations as Seven Billion Day
2014 Virgin Galactic's SpaceShipTwo crashes in the Mojave Desert during a test flight