Born on October 4

1032 Sancho VI William of Gascony the Duke of Gascony from 1009 to his death. His reign is most notable for the renewal of Gascons ties with Spain
1160 Alys Countess of the Vexin the daughter of King Louis VII of France and his second wife Constance of Castile.
1189 Gerard de Ridefort Grand Master of the Knights Templar from the end of 1184 until his death in 1189.
1274 Rudolf I Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1294 until 1317.
1276 Margaret of Brabant the daughter of John I, Duke of Brabant and Margaret of Flanders. She was the wife of Count Henry of Luxemburg and after his coronation in 1308, she became Holy Roman Queen
1289 Louis X of France a monarch of the House of Capet who ruled as King of Navarre and Count of Champagne from 1305 and as King of France from 1314 until his death.
1331 James Butler 2nd Earl of Ormond a noble in the Peerage of Ireland. He was Lord Justice of Ireland in 1359, 1364, and 1376, and a dominant political leader in Ireland in the 1360s and 1370s
1437 John IV Duke of Bavaria duke of Bavaria-Munich from 1460 until his death.
1515 Lucas Cranach the Younger a German Renaissance artist, known for his woodcuts and paintings.
1542 Robert Bellarmine an Italian Jesuit and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was one of the most important figures in the Counter-Reformation. He was canonized in 1930 and named a Doctor of the Church. Bellarmine is also widely remembered for his role in the Galileo affair
1548 Matsumae Yoshihiro a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period through early Edo period who was the daimyo of Ezochi. Yoshihiro built Matsumae Castle also known as Fukuyama Castle
1550 Charles IX of Sweden King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. He was the youngest son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife, Margaret Leijonhufvud, brother of Eric XIV and John III, and uncle of Sigismund I/III, king of both Sweden and Poland. By his father's will he got, by way of appanage, the Duchy of Södermanland, which included the provinces of Närke and Värmland; but he did not come into actual possession of them till after the fall of Eric and the succession to the throne of John in 1568
1562 Christen Sørensen Longomontanus a Danish astronomer.
1570 Péter Pázmány S.J. was a Hungarian Jesuit who was a noted philosopher, theologian, cardinal, pulpit orator and statesman. He was an important figure in the Counter-Reformation in Royal Hungary
1579 Guido Bentivoglio an Italian cardinal, statesman and historian.
1585 Anna of Tyrol the wife of Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor. By this marriage she was Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Queen of Hungary. Her parents were Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria and Anne Juliana Gonzaga
1607 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla a Spanish dramatist. The main pieces of Rojas Zorrilla are Del rey abajo ninguno and No hay padre siendo rey
1625 Jacqueline Pascal born at Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne, France.
1626 Richard Cromwell the second ruling Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, serving for just under nine months, from 3 September 1658 until 25 May 1659. After his fall from power, he was given the unflattering nicknames of Tumbledown Dick and Queen Dick by Royalists
1633 Anthony Ulrich Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Wolfenbüttel subdivision of the duchy from 1685 until 1702 jointly with his brother, and solely from 1704 until his death.
1657 Francesco Solimena a prolific Italian painter of the Baroque era, one of an established family of painters and draughtsmen.
1673 Jahan Shah (Mughal prince) the fourth son of Emperor Bahadur Shah He was made Subahdar of Malwa and raised to an Imperial Mansab of 30,000 Zat and 20,000 Sawar. After his father's death, he sided with his brother Mu'izz-ud-Din and defeated his other brother, Azim-ush-Shan in 1712. But Mu'izz-ud-Din disagreed with him over the distribution of the Imperial treasury and fought a battle against him in which he was killed along with his eldest son Farkhunda Akhtar
1678 Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkow a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall and statesman.
1720 Giovanni Battista Piranesi an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons".
1723 Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus an Austrian entomologist born in Vienna.
1728 Charles White (physician) an English physician and a co-founder of the Manchester Royal Infirmary, along with local industrialist Joseph Bancroft. White was an able and innovative surgeon who made significant contributions in the field of obstetrics
1741 Franciszek Karpiński the leading sentimental Polish poet of the Age of Enlightenment. He is particularly remembered for his religious works later rendered as hymns and carols. He is also considered one of the most original Polish writers of the early partitions. In his native Poland he was cherished during the Polish Romantic Period of the early 19th century
1749 Jean-Louis Duport a cellist and composer.
1750 Franciszek Dionizy Kniaźnin considered to be one of the most distinguished Polish poets of the Polish sentimentalism in the Enlightenment period.
1754 Catherine Jarrige Blessed Catherine Jarrige , known as Catinon Menette, a beatified third-order Dominican of the Catholic Church.
1760 Alexander Rudnay a Hungarian Roman Catholic priest of Slovak ethnicity. He started as a parish priest, but later he became the Archbishop of Esztergom, the Prince Primate of the Kingdom of Hungary and a Cardinal
1769 Aleksey Arakcheyev a Russian general and statesman under the reign of Alexander I.
1776 Mariano Lagasca a Spanish botanist, writer and doctor. He was the director of Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid
1779 Isaac Jacob Schmidt an Orientalist specializing in Mongolian and Tibetan. Schmidt was a Moravian missionary to the Kalmyks and devoted much of his labours to Bible translation
1779 Léopold Aimon a French composer. His compositional output includes 10 operas, some symphonies , 2 bassoon concertos, a cello concerto, two cantatas, several sacred vocal works, more than 30 string quartets, and other chamber music
1787 François Guizot a French historian, orator, and statesman. Guizot was a dominant figure in French politics prior to the Revolution of 1848, a conservative liberal who opposed the attempt by King Charles X to usurp legislative power, and worked to sustain a constitutional monarchy following the July Revolution of 1830. He then served the "citizen king" Louis Philippe, as Minister of Education, 1832–37, ambassador to London, Foreign Minister 1840–1847, and finally Prime Minister of France from 19 September 1847 to 23 February 1848. Guizot's influence was critical in expanding public education, which under his ministry saw the creation of primary schools in every French commune. But as a leader of the "Doctrinaires", committed to supporting the policies of Louis Phillipe and limitations on further expansion of the political franchise, he earned the hatred of more left-leaning liberals and republicans through his unswerving support for restricting suffrage to propertied men, advising those who wanted the vote to "enrich yourselves" through hard work and thrift. As Prime Minister, it was Guizot's ban on the political meetings of an increasingly vigorous opposition in January 1848 that catalyzed the revolution that toppled Louis Philippe in February and saw the establishment of the French Second Republic
1793 Charles Pearson Solicitor to the City of London, a reforming campaigner, and – briefly – Member of Parliament for Lambeth. He campaigned against corruption in jury selection, for penal reform, for the abolition of capital punishment, and for universal suffrage
1796 August Wilhelm Bach a German composer and organist. He is unrelated to the family of Johann Sebastian Bach. He studied with his father, Gottfried, as well as with Carl Friedrich Zelter and Ludwig Berger. In 1832, he succeeded Zelter as the director of the Royal Institute of Church Music in Berlin. He also taught at the Royal Academy of Arts. His compositions largely consist of sacred works and works for keyboard. He also wrote a pipe organ method and a hymnbook
1797 Jeremias Gotthelf a Swiss novelist, best known by his pen name of Jeremias Gotthelf.
1798 Lewis Caleb Beck an American physician, botanist, chemist, and mineralogist.
1802 Adolphe Niel a French Army general and statesman, also Marshal of France.
1803 Eugène Daumas a French general and writer. He was born on October 4, 1803 in Delémont and died in May 1871 in Camblanes
1808 Giovanni Battista Pioda a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1809 Robert C. Schenck a Union Army general in the American Civil War, and American diplomatic representative to Brazil and the United Kingdom. He was at both battles of Bull Run and took part in Jackson's Valley Campaign of 1862, and the Battle of Cross Keys. His eldest brother, James Findlay Schenck, was rear admiral of the United States Navy
1809 Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872) a Prussian colonel general. Albert was the fifth son and youngest child of King Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. His parents had fled to East Prussia after the occupation of Berlin by Napoleon. Two of Albert's elder brothers were Frederick William IV, King of Prussia from 1840 till 1861, and William I, King of Prussia from 1861 to 1888 and German Emperor from 1871 until 1888
1810 Eliza McCardle Johnson the First Lady of the United States and the wife of Andrew Johnson, the 17th President of the United States.
1810 Félix Pyat a French Socialist journalist and politician.
1812 Fanny Tacchinardi Persiani an Italian soprano particularly associated with bel canto composers, such as Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, and early Verdi. Her 'golden' period in Paris and London was between 1837 and 1848
1814 Jean-François Millet a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. Millet is noted for his scenes of peasant farmers; he can be categorized as part of the Realism art movement
1815 Franz Jakob Clemens a German Catholic philosopher, a layman who defended the Catholic Church even on theological questions.