Died on October 4

1052 Vladimir of Novgorod Yaroslavich reigned as prince of Novgorod from 1036 until his death. He was the eldest son of Yaroslav I the Wise of Kiev by Ingigerd, daughter of king Olof Skötkonung of Sweden
1160 Constance of Castile Queen of France as the second wife of Louis VII, who married her following the annulment of his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine. She was a daughter of Alfonso VII of León and Berengaria of Barcelona, but her year of birth is not certainly known
1181 Herman Duke of Carinthia II of Sponheim , a scion of the Rhenish House of Sponheim, ruled the Duchy of Carinthia from 1161 to his death.
1221 William IV Count of Ponthieu William III, Count of Ponthieu and William He was Count of Ponthieu, ruler of a small province in northern France that fell under the suzerainty of the dukes of Normandy since at least the mid 11th century. He was son and heir of John I, Count of Ponthieu by his third wife Beatrice de St Pol
1250 Herman VI Margrave of Baden Margrave of Baden and titular margrave of Verona from 1243 until his death.
1305 Emperor Kameyama the 90th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1259 through 1274
1382 Ludovico II Gonzaga an Italian politician who was capitano del popolo of Mantua. He was a member of the House of Gonzaga
1452 Bolesław II Duke of Cieszyn a Duke of Cieszyn since 1431 , ruler over half of Bielsko and Frysztat , and during 1452 sole ruler over one half of Bytom.
1565 Pier Paolo Vergerio an Italian religious reformer. Although at first opposed to Primož Trubar, the consolidator of the Slovene language, he later supported him and was his mentor for some time. He also contributed to the development of Croatian literature
1582 Teresa of Ávila a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint, Carmelite nun, an author of the Counter Reformation and theologian of contemplative life through mental prayer. She was a reformer of the Carmelite Order and is considered to be a founder of the Discalced Carmelites along with John of the Cross
1590 Jacques Cujas a French legal expert. He was prominent among the legal humanists or mos gallicus school, which sought to abandon the work of the medieval Commentators and concentrate on ascertaining the correct text and social context of the original works of Roman law
1597 Sarsa Dengel nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty.
1638 Francis Hyacinth Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1637 to 1638 under regency of his mother Marie Christine.
1660 Francesco Albani an Italian Baroque painter who was active in Bologna , Rome , Bologna , Viterbo , Bologna , Rome , Bologna , Mantova , Roma and Florence.
1661 Jacqueline Pascal born at Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne, France.
1669 Rembrandt a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age when Dutch Golden Age painting, although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres in painting
1680 Pierre-Paul Riquet the engineer and canal-builder responsible for the construction of the Canal du Midi.
1688 Philip de Koninck a Dutch landscape painter and younger brother of Jacob Koninck.
1689 Quirinus Kuhlmann a German Baroque poet and mystic. Known for his travels throughout Europe, Kuhlmann spent the last years of his life in Russia, where he was executed because he was considered politically dangerous
1692 Charles Fleetwood an English Parliamentarian soldier and politician, Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1652–55, where he enforced the Cromwellian Settlement. At the Restoration he was included in the Act of Indemnity as among the twenty liable to penalties other than capital, and was finally incapacitated from holding any office of trust. His public career then closed
1743 John Campbell 2nd Duke of Argyll a Scottish nobleman and senior commander in the British Army. He served on the contintent in the Nine Years' War and fought at the Battle of Kaiserwerth during the War of the Spanish Succession. He went on to serve as a brigade commander during the later battles of the War of the Spanish Succession. Next he was given command of all British forces in Spain at the instigation of the Harley Ministry; after conducting a successful evacuation of the troops from Spain, he became Commander-in-Chief, Scotland. During the Jacobite Rebellion, he led the government army against the Jacobites led by the Earl of Mar at the Battle of Sheriffmuir. He went on to serve as Lord Steward and then Master-General of the Ordnance under the Walpole–Townshend Ministry
1749 Baron Franz von der Trenck an Austrian soldier.
1755 Samuel von Cocceji a German official from the Electorate of the Palatinate who served Brandenburg-Prussia. He was the son of Heinrich von Cocceji
1755 Georg Christian Fürst von Lobkowitz an Austrian Generalfeldmarschall.
1772 Augustin Ehrensvärd a Swedish military officer, military architect, artist, creator of the Sveaborg fortress and the Swedish archipelago fleet. He was born in Fullerö Castle, Barkarö and died in Saris, Virmo
1800 Johann Hermann a French physician and naturalist.
1808 Martín Sessé y Lacasta a Spanish botanist, who relocated to New Spain during the 18th century to study and classify the flora of the territory.
1818 Josef Abel an Austrian historical painter and etcher.
1821 John Rennie the Elder a Scottish civil engineer who designed many bridges, canals, and docks.
1830 Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall instrumental in the switching of the Kingdom of Prussia from a French alliance to a Russian alliance during the War of the Sixth Coalition. Ludwig van Beethoven's "Yorckscher Marsch" is named in his honor
1835 Antoine-Louis Decrest de Saint-Germain a French soldier of the French Revolutionary Wars, who later rose to the top military rank of General of Division, taking part to the Napoleonic Wars as a commander of cavalry.
1851 Manuel Godoy Prince of the Peace Prime Minister of Spain from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1808. He received many titles including Prince of the Peace by which he is widely known. He came to power at a young age as the favorite of the King and Queen. Despite disaster after disaster he maintained power via corruption. Many Spanish leaders blamed Godoy for the disastrous war with Britain that cut off Spain's Empire and ruined its finances
1852 James Whitcomb a Democratic United States Senator and the eighth Governor of Indiana. As governor during the Mexican-American War, he oversaw the formation and deployment of the state's levies. He led the movement to replace the state constitution and played an important role at the convention to institute a law that prevented the government from taking loans in response the current fiscal crisis in Indiana. By skillfully guiding the state through its bankruptcy, Whitcomb is usually credited as being one of the most successful of Indiana's governors. He was elected to the United States Senate after his term as governor but died of kidney disease only two years later
1855 Timofey Granovsky a founder of mediaeval studies in the Russian Empire.
1856 Alfred V. du Pont an American chemist and industrialist, who was the eldest son and successor of Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, the founder of the E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company.
1859 Karl Baedeker a German publisher whose company, Baedeker, set the standard for authoritative guidebooks for tourists.
1863 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck a Dutch businessman and statesman, whose views ranged from liberal to conservative. He was the son of Grand Pensionary Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck and a member of the Dutch Reformed Church
1864 Joseph Montferrand a French-Canadian logger, strong man and hero of the working man, who was the inspiration for the legendary Ottawa Valley figure Big Joe Mufferaw.
1864 Jacques Jasmin an Occitan poet.
1867 Francis Xavier Seelos a German-American Roman Catholic priest and Redemptorist missionary.
1871 Sarel Cilliers a Voortrekker leader and a preacher. With Andries Pretorius, he led the Boers to a huge victory over the Zulus at the Battle of Blood River in 1838. In particular, Cilliers lead the Voortrekkers in a vow which promised that if God would protect them and deliver the enemy into their hands, they would build a church and commemorate the day of their victory as if it were an annual Sabbath day, which their descendants would also be instructed to honour
1876 Johannes Rebmann a German missionary and explorer credited with feats including being the first European, along with his colleague Johann Ludwig Krapf, to enter Africa from the Indian Ocean coast. In addition, he was the first European to find Kilimanjaro. News of Rebmann's discovery was published in the Church Missionary Intelligencer in May 1849, but disregarded as mere fantasy for the next twelve years. The Geographical Society of London held that snow could not possibly occur let alone persist in such latitudes and considered the report to be the hallucination of a malaria-stricken missionary. It was only in 1861 that researchers began their efforts to measure Kilimanjaro. Expeditions to Tanzania between 1861 and 1865, led by the German Baron Carl Claus von der Decken, confirmed Rebmann’s report. Together with his colleague Johann Ludwig Krapf he also discovered Kenya. Their work there is also thought to have had effects on future African expeditions by Europeans, including the exploits of Sir Richard Burton, John Hanning Speke, and David Livingstone. After losing most of his eyesight and entering into a brief marriage, he died of pneumonia
1877 Eduard Devrient a German baritone, librettist, playwright, actor, theatre director, and theatre reformer and historian.
1888 Cesare Correnti an Italian revolutionary and politician.
1890 Catherine Booth the wife of the founder of The Salvation Army, William Booth. Because of her influence in the formation of The Salvation Army she was known as the 'Mother of The Salvation Army'
1894 John Chivington a former Methodist pastor who served as colonel in the United States Volunteers during the Colorado War and the New Mexico Campaigns of the American Civil War. In 1862, he was in the Battle of Glorieta Pass against a Confederate supply train
1897 Pascual de Gayangos y Arce a Spanish scholar and orientalist.
1899 Paul Janet a French philosopher and writer.
1902 Lionel Johnson an English poet, essayist and critic. He was born at Broadstairs, and educated at Winchester College and New College, Oxford, graduating in 1890. He became a Catholic convert in 1891. He lived a solitary life in London, struggling with alcoholism and his repressed homosexuality. He died of a stroke after a fall in the street, though it was said to be a fall from a barstool in the Green Dragon in Fleet Street
1902 Ion Ivanovici a Romanian military band leader and composer of Transylvanian Serbian origin, best remembered today for his waltz Waves of the Danube.