October 4 events in history

23 Rebels capture and sack the Chinese capital Chang'an during a peasant rebellion. They kill and decapitate the emperor, Wang Mang, two days later
610 Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor
1227 Assassination of Caliph al-Adil
1302 A peace treaty between the Byzantine Empire and the Republic of Venice ends the Byzantine–Venetian War (1296–1302)
1363 End of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the Chinese rebel forces of Zhu Yuanzhang defeat that of his rival, Chen Youliang, in one of the largest naval battles in history
1511 Formation of the Holy League of Ferdinand II of Aragon, the Papal States and the Republic of Venice against France
1535 The first complete English-language Bible (the Coverdale Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Myles Coverdale
1582 Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15
1597 The first Guale uprising begins against the Spanish missions in Georgia
1636 The Swedish Army defeats the armies of Saxony and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Wittstock
1693 Battle of Marsaglia: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French
1725 Foundation of Rosario in Argentina
1777 Battle of Germantown: Troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under Sir William Howe
1779 The Fort Wilson Riot takes place
1795 Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence with a "Whiff of Grapeshot", using cannon to suppress armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the French Legislature (National Convention)
1824 Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic
1830 Creation of the Kingdom of Belgium after separation from the Netherlands
1853 Crimean War: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia
1876 Texas A&M University opens as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, becoming the first public institution of higher education in Texas
1883 First run of the Orient Express
1883 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland
1895 The first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship administered by the United States Golf Association is played at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island
1917 World War I: The Battle of Broodseinde fought between the British and German armies in Flanders
1918 An explosion kills more than 100 and destroys the T.A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant in Sayreville, New Jersey. Fires and explosions continue for three days forcing massive evacuations and spreading ordnance over a wide area, pieces of which were still being found as of 2007
1927 Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mount Rushmore
1936 In the East End of London, marches staged by British fascists and various anti-fascist organizations result in violent clashes between them in what becomes know as the Battle of Cable Street
1940 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini at the Brenner Pass
1941 Norman Rockwell's Willie Gillis character debuts on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post
1943 World War II: U.S. captures the Solomon Islands from the Japanese
1957 Space Race: Launch of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth
1957 Avro Arrow roll-out ceremony at Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario
1957 Leave It To Beaver premieres on CBS
1958 Fifth Republic of France is established
1960 Eastern Air Lines Flight 375, a Lockheed L-188 Electra, crashes after a bird strike on takeoff from Boston's Logan International Airport, killing 62 of 72 on board
1963 Hurricane Flora, kills 6,000 in Cuba and Haiti
1965 Pope Paul VI arrives in New York, the first Pope to visit the United States of America and the Western hemisphere
1966 Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho
1967 Omar Ali Saifuddien III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
1974 Founding of the New Democracy party in Greece
1976 Official launch of the InterCity 125 high speed train
1983 Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 miles per hour (1,019.468 km/h), driving Thrust2 at the Black Rock Desert in Nevada
1985 The Free Software Foundation is founded in Massachusetts, United States
1988 U.S. televangelist Jim Bakker is indicted for fraud
1991 The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature
1992 The Rome General Peace Accords ends a 16 year civil war in Mozambique
1992 El Al Flight 1862: an El Al Boeing 747-258F crashes into two apartment buildings in Amsterdam, killing 43 including 39 on the ground
1993 Russian Constitutional Crisis: In Moscow, tanks bombard the White House, a government building that housed the Russian parliament, while demonstrators against President Boris Yeltsin rally outside
1997 The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina office of Loomis, Fargo and Company. A Federal Bureau of Investigation investigation eventually results in 24 convictions and the recovery of approximately 95% of the $17.3 million stolen cash
2001 NATO confirms invocation of Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty
2001 Siberia Airlines Flight 1812: a Sibir Airlines Tupolev Tu-154 crashes into the Black Sea after being struck by an errant Ukrainian S-200 missile. Seventy-eight people are killed