Died on October 6

23 Wang Mang a Han Dynasty official who seized the throne from the Liu family and founded the Xin Dynasty , ruling AD 9–23. The Han dynasty was restored after his overthrow and his rule marks the separation between the Western Han Dynasty and Eastern Han Dynasty. Some historians have traditionally viewed Wang as a usurper, while others have portrayed him as a visionary and selfless social reformer. Though a learned Confucian scholar who sought to implement the harmonious society he saw in the classics, his efforts ended in chaos
404 Aelia Eudoxia the Empress consort of the Byzantine Emperor Arcadius.
869 Ermentrude of Orléans Queen of the Franks by her marriage to Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor and King of West Francia. She was the daughter of Odo, Count of Orléans and his wife Engeltrude
877 Charles the Bald the King of West Francia , King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. After a series of civil wars that began during the reign of his father, Louis the Pious, Charles succeeded by the Treaty of Verdun in acquiring the western third of the Carolingian Empire. He was a grandson of Charlemagne and the youngest son of Louis the Pious by his second wife, Judith
1014 Samuel of Bulgaria the Tsar of the First Bulgarian Empire from 997 to 6 October 1014. From 977 to 997, he was a general under Roman I of Bulgaria, the second surviving son of Emperor Peter I of Bulgaria, and co-ruled with him, as Roman bestowed upon him the command of the army and the effective royal authority. As Samuel struggled to preserve his country's independence from the Byzantine Empire, his rule was characterized by constant warfare against the Byzantines and their equally ambitious ruler Basil II
1019 Frederick of Luxembourg a son of count Siegfried of Luxembourg and Hedwig of Nordgau.
1072 Sancho II of León and Castile King of Castile , Galicia and León.
1101 Bruno of Cologne the founder of the Carthusian Order, personally founded the order's first two communities. He was a celebrated teacher at Reims, and a close advisor of his former pupil, Pope Urban II
1349 Joan II of Navarre Queen of Navarre from 1328 until her death. She was the only child of Louis the Quarreler, King of France and Navarre, and Margaret of Burgundy. Because Margaret was known to have been involved in an extramarital affair, Joan's paternity was questioned by those who wished to refute her claim to the thrones of France, Navarre and Champagne
1397 Vuk Branković a Serbian medieval nobleman who during the Fall of the Serbian Empire inherited a province in present day south and southwestern Serbia, the northern part of present day Macedonia and northern Montenegro. His fief was known as Oblast Brankovića or simply as Vukova zemlja which he held with the title of gospodin , under Prince Lazar of Serbia. After the Battle of Kosovo Vuk was briefly de facto most powerful Serbian lord
1413 Dawit I Emperor of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the younger son of Newaya Krestos
1463 Frederick of Altmark Margrave of the Brandenburg and Lord of the Altmark.
1495 Ōuchi Masahiro a member of the Ōuchi family and general in the Ōnin War, serving Yamana Sōzen. He battled numerous times with Yamana's rival, Hosokawa Katsumoto, at one point commanding 20,000 men and 2,000 boats, moving his troops by land as well as by sea. These battles took place mostly in Kyoto, but also across the Hosokawa family's holdings, and other territories
1517 Fra Bartolomeo an Italian Renaissance painter of religious subjects.
1536 William Tyndale an English scholar who became a leading figure in Protestant reform in the years leading up to his execution. He is well known for his translation of the Bible into English. He was influenced by the work of Desiderius Erasmus, who made the Greek New Testament available in Europe, and by Martin Luther. While a number of partial and incomplete translations had been made from the seventh century onward, the spread of Wycliffe's Bible resulted in a death sentence for any unlicensed possession of Scripture in English—even though translations in all other major European languages had been accomplished and made available. Tyndale's translation was the first English Bible to draw directly from Hebrew and Greek texts, the first English one to take advantage of the printing press, and first of the new English Bibles of the Reformation. It was taken to be a direct challenge to the hegemony of both the Roman Catholic Church and English Laws to maintain church rulings. In 1530, Tyndale also wrote The Practyse of Prelates, opposing Henry VIII's divorce on the grounds that it contravened Scripture
1553 Şehzade Mustafa the prince of Manisa from 1533 to 1541 and the prince of Amasya from 1541 to 1553. He was Suleiman the Magnificent's first-born son by Mahidevran Sultan. Şehzade Mustafa was the heir apparent to the Ottoman throne and a very popular prince among the people of Anatolia. He had one sister, Raziye Sultan, from her mother's side
1559 William I Count of Nassau-Dillenburg a count of Nassau-Dillenburg from the House of Nassau. He was not wealthy; his nickname the Rich refers to him having many children
1610 Hosokawa Fujitaka a Japanese samurai daimyo of the Sengoku period. Fujitaka was a prominent retainer of the last Ashikaga shoguns. When he joined the Oda, Oda Nobunaga rewarded him with the fief of Tango. His son, Hosokawa Tadaoki, went on to become one of the Oda clan's senior generals
1630 Diego Fernández de Córdoba Marquis of Guadalcázar Viceroy of Mexico from October 18, 1612 to March 14, 1621 and Viceroy of Peru from July 25, 1622 to January 14, 1629.
1630 Thomas Walsingham (literary patron) a courtier to Queen Elizabeth I and literary patron to such poets as Thomas Watson, Thomas Nashe, George Chapman and Christopher Marlowe. He was related to Elizabeth's spymaster Francis Walsingham and the employer of Marlowe's murderer Ingram Frizer. This connection is one of the reasons offered for suggesting that Marlowe's death may have been linked with intelligence work, and not a dispute over a bill for food and accommodation, as in the coroner's verdict
1643 Jean du Vergier de Hauranne a French Catholic priest who introduced Jansenism into France.
1644 Elisabeth of France (1602–1644) Queen consort of Spain and Portugal as the first wife of King Philip IV of Spain. She was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second spouse Marie de' Medici. As a daughter of the king of France, she was born a Fille de France. As the eldest daughter of the king, she was known at court by the traditional honorific of Madame Royale
1649 Tsarevich Dmitry Alexeyevich of Russia the first son and heir of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, brother of Tsarevich Alexei Alexeyevich of Russia, Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-brother of Tsar Peter the Great. He died before he had a chance to succeed to the throne. He is buried in the Cathedral of the Archangel
1651 Heinrich Albert (composer) a German composer and poet of the 17th century. He was a member of the Königsberg Poetic Society. As a song composer, he was strongly influenced by Heinrich Schütz
1660 Paul Scarron a French poet, dramatist, and novelist, born in Paris. His precise birthdate is unknown, but he was baptized on July 4, 1610. Scarron was the first husband of Françoise d'Aubigné, who later became Madame de Maintenon and secretly married King Louis XIV of France
1661 Guru Har Rai the seventh of the Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 8 March 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather. Just before his death at age 31, Guru Har Rai Sahib passed the Guru Gaddi to his younger son, the five year old Guru Har Krishan
1688 Christopher Monck 2nd Duke of Albemarle an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1667 to 1670 when he inherited the Dukedom and sat in the House of Lords.
1695 Gustav Adolph Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow the last ruler of Mecklenburg-Güstrow from 1636 until his death and last Lutheran Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg from 1636 to 1648.
1698 Johann Carl Loth a German Baroque painter, born in Munich but active most of his life in Venice.
1739 Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné the wife of Adrien Maurice de Noailles, 3rd Duke of Noailles. She was the niece of Françoise d'Aubigné, Madame de Maintenon, and her heiress
1740 Princess Darejan of Imereti a daughter of Archil, sometime king of king of Imereti and of Kakheti in western and eastern parts of Georgia, respectively, by his wife Ketevan of Kakheti. In the 1680s, Darejan followed her parents and brothers into exile in Russia, where she lived a semi-secluded life, mostly at her family estate of Vsekhsvyatskoye at Moscow, occupied in local charity and benevolence
1754 Adam Falckenhagen a German lutenist and composer of the Baroque period.
1762 Francesco Manfredini an Italian Baroque composer, violinist, and church musician.
1777 Marie Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin has been referred to as one of the leading female figures in the French Enlightenment. From 1750–1777, Madame Geoffrin played host to many of the most influential Philosophes and Encyclopédistes of her time. Her association with several prominent dignitaries and public figures from across Europe has earned Madame Geoffrin international recognition. Her patronage and dedication to both the philosophical Men of Letters and talented artists that frequented her house is emblematic of her role as guide and protector. In her salon on the rue Saint-Honoré, Madame Geoffrin demonstrated qualities of politeness and civility that helped stimulate and regulate intellectual discussion. Her actions as a Parisian salonnière exemplify many of the most important characteristics of Enlightenment sociability
1786 Antonio Sacchini an Italian composer, most famous for his operas.
1799 William Withering an English botanist, geologist, chemist, physician and the discoverer of digitalis.
1810 Vincenzo Petagna an Italian biologist and physician, and a director of the Monte Oliveto botanical gardens. The plant Petagnaea gussonei is named in his honour
1819 Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia King of Sardinia from 1796 to 1802. He abdicated in favour of his brother Victor Emmanuel I
1819 Johann von Klenau a field marshal in the Habsburg army. Klenau joined the Habsburg military as a teenager and fought in Austria's wars with the Ottoman Empire, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars, in which he commanded a corps in several important battles
1822 Domenico Cotugno an Italian physician.
1825 Bernard Germain de Lacépède a French naturalist.
1829 Pierre Derbigny the sixth Governor of Louisiana. Born in 1769, at Laon near Lille, France, the eldest son of Augustin Bourguignon d'Herbigny who was President of the Directoire de l'Aisne and Mayor of Laon, and Louise Angelique Blondela
1837 Jean-François Le Sueur a French composer, best known for his oratorios and operas.
1839 William Light a British military officer and the first Surveyor-General of the Colony of South Australia. He is famous for choosing the site of the colony's capital, Adelaide, and for designing the layout of its streets and parks - in the Adelaide city centre and the Adelaide Park Lands
1843 Sir Archibald Campbell 1st Baronet an officer of the British Army. From 1824 to 1826, Gen. Campbell commanded the British forces in the First Anglo-Burmese War, the longest and most expensive war in British Indian history, that gave the British control of Assam, Manipur, Cachar, Jaintia, Arakan and Tenasserim. He became known as the "Hero of Ava". From 1831 to 1837, he was the administrator of the colony of New Brunswick, Canada
1848 Theodor Franz Count Baillet von Latour an Austrian soldier and statesman. As the Imperial Minister of War, he was killed by a mob at the beginning of the Vienna Uprising
1849 Károly Knezić a honvéd general in the Hungarian Army. On his father's side he had Croatian roots. His mother was the magyar Borbála Benkő. He was executed for his part in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, and is considered one of the 13 Martyrs of Arad
1849 Ernő Kiss a honvédség general. He was executed for his part in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, and is considered one of the 13 Martyrs of Arad. Ernő Kiss was from a Transylvanian family with Armenian roots
1849 Lajos Batthyány the first Prime Minister of Hungary. He was born in Pressburg/Pozsony on 10 February 1807, and was executed by firing squad in Pest on 6 October 1849, the same day as the 13 Martyrs of Arad
1849 Lajos Aulich the third Minister of War of Hungary.