Born on October 8

1060 Hugh V of Lusignan the fifth Lord of Lusignan and Lord of Couhé. He succeeded his father, Hugh IV, sometime around 1026
1170 Vladimir III Igorevich a Rus' prince. He was the son of Igor Svyatoslavich and was with him during his campaign against the Cumans on 13 April 1185, immortalized in the epic The Tale of Igor's Campaign; he participated in the first battle, wherein he set off ahead of the main group along with Svyatoslav Olgovich of Rylsk and defeated the Cuman forces. However, he was captured in the second battle by Khans Gzak and Konchak. The Tale of Igor’s Campaign describes how, after Igor escaped from captivity, Gzak and Konchak debated whether to kill Vladimir or entice him into marrying a Cuman maiden:
1515 Margaret Douglas the daughter of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, and Margaret Tudor, Queen Dowager of Scotland. In her youth she was high in the favour of her uncle, King Henry VIII, but twice incurred the King's anger, first for her unauthorised engagement to Lord Thomas Howard, who died in the Tower of London in 1537 because of his misalliance with her, and again in 1540 for an affair with Thomas Howard's nephew Sir Charles Howard, the brother of Queen consort Catherine Howard. On 6 July 1544, she married Matthew Stuart, 4th Earl of Lennox, one of Scotland's leading noblemen. Her son Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, married Mary, Queen of Scots and was the father of James VI of Scotland
1551 Giulio Caccini an Italian composer, teacher, singer, instrumentalist and writer of the very late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was one of the founders of the genre of opera, and one of the single most influential creators of the new Baroque style. He was also the father of the composer Francesca Caccini
1553 Jacques Auguste de Thou a French historian, book collector and president of the Parlement de Paris.
1615 Erdmann August of Brandenburg-Bayreuth a member of the House of Hohenzollern and Hereditary Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.
1619 Philipp von Zesen a German poet, hymnist and writer. Some of his works are published under his pen name Ritterhold von Blauen
1674 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro a Galician monk and scholar who led the Age of Enlightenment in Spain. He was an energetic popularizer noted for encouraging scientific and empirical thought in an effort to debunk myths and superstitions
1696 Cornelis Troost an 18th-century actor and painter from Amsterdam.
1705 Yakov Shakhovskoy a Russian statesman.
1713 Yechezkel Landau an influential authority in halakha. He is best known for the work Noda Biyhudah , by which title he is also known
1715 Michel Benoist most noted for the waterworks he constructed for the emperor.
1720 Jonathan Mayhew a noted American minister at Old West Church, Boston, Massachusetts.
1747 Jean-François Rewbell a French lawyer, diplomat, and politician of the Revolution.
1758 Francesco Carelli an administrative officer of the Kingdom of Naples and an important numismatist, coin collector and antiquarian. He had a special interest in ancient coins and himself had an important collection of ancient Greek coins. In an extensive work, Numorum Italiae veteris Tabulae CCII he put together all the known ancient coins of Italy
1765 Harman Blennerhassett an Anglo-Irish lawyer and politician.
1776 Pieter van Os a Dutch painter and engraver and a member of the renowned Van Os family of artists.
1785 Arvid August Afzelius a Swedish pastor, poet, historian and mythologist.
1789 William John Swainson an English ornithologist, malacologist, conchologist, entomologist and artist.
1789 John Ruggles an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. He served in several important state legislative and judicial positions before serving in the U.S. Senate
1802 Petrus Hofstede de Groot born at Leer in East Friesland, and was educated at the Gymnasium and University of Groningen.
1807 Harriet Taylor Mill a philosopher and women's rights advocate. Her second husband was John Stuart Mill, one of the pre-eminent thinkers of the 19th century. Her extant corpus of writing can be found in The Complete Works of Harriet Taylor Mill. She is largely remembered for her influence upon John Stuart Mill
1808 Pieter Frederik van Os a painter from the Northern Netherlands. He was the son and pupil of Pieter Gerardus van Os and worked mainly in the spirit of his father
1813 Carl Amand Mangold a German composer and conductor. His oratorio Abraham has been recorded
1818 John Henninger Reagan an American politician from the U.S. state of Texas. A Democrat, Reagan resigned from the U.S. House of Representatives when Texas seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America. He served in the cabinet of Jefferson Davis as Postmaster General. After the Confederate defeat, he called for cooperation with the federal government and thus became unpopular, but returned to public office when his predictions of harsh treatment for resistance were proved correct
1821 Friedrich Kiel a German composer and music teacher.
1823 Ivan Aksakov a Russian littérateur and notable Slavophile.
1825 Paschal Beverly Randolph an American medical doctor, occultist, Spiritualist, trance medium, and writer. He is notable as perhaps the first person to introduce the principles of sex magic to North America, and, according to E. Waite, establishing the earliest known Rosicrucian order in the United States
1826 Emily Blackwell now Case Western Reserve University, and the third openly identified woman to earn a medical degree in the United States.
1831 Paul von Hatzfeldt a German diplomat. Count Hatzfeldt served as Ambassador to Constantinople from 1878 to 1881, as Foreign Secretary and head of the Foreign Office from 1881 to 1885, and as Ambassador to London from 1885 to 1901. He was once described by Otto von Bismarck as "das beste Pferd im diplomatischen Stall" – the best horse in the diplomatic stable
1833 André Theuriet born at Marly-le-Roi , and was educated at Bar-le-Duc in his mother's province of Lorraine.
1835 Christian Otto Mohr a German civil engineer.
1838 Jan Gebauer a significant Czech expert on Czech studies and one of the most renowned Czech scientists of all times. His scientific work was influenced by the methods of positivism
1838 John Hay an American statesman and official whose career in government stretched almost half a century. Beginning as a private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln, Hay's highest office was United States Secretary of State under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was also an author and biographer, and wrote poetry and other literature throughout much of his life
1842 Thomas J. Howell (botanist) an American botanist from Oregon.:118-119.
1843 Kitty Lange Kielland a Norwegian landscape painter.
1845 Viktor Kyrpychov a prominent Russian and Ukrainian engineer, physicist, and educational organizer, known especially for his work on applied and structural mechanics as well as for establishing the foundations for technical education in the Russian Empire.
1845 Salomon Kalischer a German composer, pianist, and physicist.
1846 Björn Jónsson Minister for Iceland from 31 March 1909 to 14 March 1911. He was the father of Sveinn Björnsson, the only Regent of Iceland and first President of Iceland. Björn became Minister for Iceland after Hannes Hafstein and his supporters suffered a bad outcome in the elections of 1908, where the voters opposed to the draft of new constitution. Björn was forced to resign after forcing the General Director of the National Bank, Tryggvi Gunnarsson, out of that post due to heavy criticism of their supporters. Björn and other opponents of the Draft won a landslide victory in the 1908 elections
1846 Tarleton Hoffman Bean an American ichthyologist.
1847 Rose Scott an Australian women's rights activist who advocated for women's suffrage and universal suffrage in New South Wales at the turn-of-the twentieth century.
1848 Pierre De Geyter a Belgian socialist and a composer, known for writing the music of The Internationale.
1849 Alexander Sibiryakov a Russian gold mine and factories owner and explorer of Siberia.
1850 Sven Aarrestad a writer, politician and leader in the Norwegian temperance movement during the 19th century.
1850 Henry Louis Le Châtelier an influential French chemist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He is most famous for devising Le Châtelier's principle, with the help of his partner Jasper Rossi, used by chemists to predict the effect a changing condition has on a system in chemical equilibrium
1856 Victor von Herzfeld a Hungarian violinist and composer. He studied at the University of Vienna in law and at the Music Academy of Vienna music where he won first prize for both composition and violin playing. In 1884, he was awarded the Beethoven prize of the Society of the Friends of Music. He studied in Berlin with Eduard Grell and in 1886 went to Budapest as Professor in the Music Academy. He was second violin in the original Budapest Quartet established by David Popper and Jenő Hubay. Ernő Dohnányi dedicated his Sonata in C♯ minor for violin and piano, 21 to Von Herzfeld. While serving as the music critic of the "Neue Pester Journal" he wrote a negative review of his friend and colleague Gustav Mahler's First Symphony. He is the author of a 1915 article on Robert Volkmann. He was buried at Kerepesi Cemetery in Budapest
1858 Marie van Zandt an American soprano.
1861 Theodore Roberts not to be confused with author Theodore Goodridge Roberts, 1877–1953, who wrote "The Harbor Master".
1862 Emil von Sauer a notable German composer, pianist, score editor, and music teacher. He was a pupil of Franz Liszt and one of the most distinguished pianists of his generation. Josef Hofmann called von Sauer "a truly great virtuoso." Martin Krause, another Liszt pupil, called von Sauer "the legitimate heir of Liszt; he has more of his charm and geniality than any other Liszt pupil."
1863 Fredrik Lilljekvist a Swedish architect. He is best known for his controversial restoration of Gripsholm Castle and as the architect of the new building for the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm