October 8 events in history

314 Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses his European territories
451 At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1)
1075 Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia
1200 Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England
1322 Mladen II Šubić of Bribir, defeated in the battle of Bliska, is arrested by the Parliament
1480 Great stand on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which results in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and the eventual disintegration of the Horde
1573 End of the Spanish siege of Alkmaar, the first Dutch victory in Eighty Years' War
1582 Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain
1600 San Marino adopts its written constitution
1645 Jeanne Mance opened the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, the first lay hospital in North America
1806 Napoleonic Wars: Forces of the British Empire lay siege to the port of Boulogne in France by using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
1813 The Treaty of Ried is signed between Bavaria and Austria
1821 The government of general José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy
1829 Rail transport: Stephenson's The Rocket wins The Rainhill Trials
1856 The Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
1860 Telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco opens
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Perryville: Union forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky
1871 Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan including the Great Chicago Fire, and the much deadlier Peshtigo Fire
1879 War of the Pacific: The Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter
1895 Eulmi incident: Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by Japanese infiltrators inside Gyeongbok Palace
1904 Edmonton, Alberta is incorporated as a city
1912 First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against the Ottoman Empire
1918 World War I: In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York kills 28 German soldiers and captures 132, for which he is awarded the Medal of Honor
1921 KDKA in Pittsburgh's Forbes Field conducts the first live broadcast of a football game
1928 Joseph Szigeti gives the first performance of Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto
1932 The Indian Air Force is established
1939 World War II: Germany annexes Western Poland
1941 World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol
1944 World War II: The Battle of Crucifix Hill occurs just outside Aachen. Capt. Bobbie Brown receives a Medal of Honor for his heroics in this battle
1952 The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people
1956 New York Yankees's Don Larsen pitched the only perfect game in a World Series
1962 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about a NATO manoeuvre called "Fallex 62", which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany's army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine is soon accused of treason
1962 Algeria joins the United Nations
1967 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia
1968 Vietnam War: Operation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta
1969 The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago
1970 Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a manoeuvre to deceive world opinion"
1973 Yom Kippur War: Gabi Amir's armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed
1973 Greek military junta of 1967–74: Junta strongman George Papadopoulos appoints Spyros Markezinis as Prime Minister of Greece with the task to lead Greece to parliamentary rule
1974 Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it is the largest bank failure in the history of the United States
1978 Australia's Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.60 mph at Blowering Dam, Australia
1982 Poland bans Solidarity and all trade unions
1982 Cats opens on Broadway and runs for nearly 18 years before closing on September 10, 2000
1990 Israeli–Palestinian conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
1991 Croatia votes to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia, rendering the country fully independent
2001 A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy, killing 118 people
2001 U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security
2005 2005 Kashmir earthquake: Thousands of people are killed by a magnitude 7.6 earthquake in parts of Pakistan, India and Afghanistan