October 9 events in history

768 Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks
1238 James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia
1264 The Kingdom of Castile conquers the city of Jerez that was under Muslim occupation since 711
1446 The hangul alphabet is published in Korea
1514 Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor
1557 Trujillo is founded in Venezuela
1582 Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain
1594 The army of the Portuguese Empire is annihilated by the Kingdom of Kandy on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture
1595 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
1604 Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way
1635 Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land
1701 The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut
1708 Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya
1740 Dutch colonists and various slave groups begin massacring ethnic Chinese in Batavia, eventually killing 10,000 and leading to a two-year-long war throughout Java
1760 Seven Years' War: Russian forces occupy Berlin
1767 Surveying for the Mason–Dixon line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed
1771 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland
1799 Sinking of HMS Lutine with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000
1804 Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded
1806 Prussia declares war on France
1812 War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships: HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia
1820 Guayaquil declares independence from Spain
1824 Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica
1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first head of state of independent Greece is assassinated
1834 Opening of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway, the first public railway on the island of Ireland
1845 The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church
1854 Crimean War: The siege of Sebastopol begins
1861 American Civil War: Battle of Santa Rosa Island: Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Tom's Brook: Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia
1873 A meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute
1874 General Postal Union is created as a result of the Treaty of Berne
1888 The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public
1907 Las Cruces, New Mexico is incorporated
1911 An accidental bomb explosion in Hankou, Wuhan, China leads to the ultimate fall of the Qing Empire
1913 The steamship SS Volturno catches fire in the mid-Atlantic
1914 World War I: Siege of Antwerp: Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops
1919 Black Sox Scandal: The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series
1934 Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France
1936 Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to generate electricity from the Colorado River and transmit it 266 miles to Los Angeles
1940 World War II: Battle of Britain: During a night-time air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb
1941 A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president
1942 Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy
1942 The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army's 4th Infantry Regiment
1945 Parade in NYC for Fleet Admiral Nimitz and 13 USN/USMC Medal of Honor recipients
1950 Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre started
1962 Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm
1963 In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it
1966 Vietnam War: Binh Tai Massacre
1966 Vietnam War: Diên Niên - Phước Bình massacre
1967 A day after being captured, Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia