October 1576 in history

Born in October 1576

Oct 5 Roger Manners 5th Earl of Rutland the eldest surviving son of John Manners, 4th Earl of Rutland and his wife, Elizabeth nee Charleton. He travelled across Europe, took part in military campaigns led by Essex, and was a participant of Essex's rebellion against Queen Elizabeth He was favoured by James I, and honoured by his contemporaries as a man of great intelligence and talent. He enjoyed the friendship of some of the most prominent writers and artists of the Elizabethan-Jacobean age. In 1603 he led an Embassy to Denmark, homeland of James' Queen Anne of Denmark
Oct 7 John Marston (poet) an English poet, playwright and satirist during the late Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. His career as a writer lasted a decade, and his work is remembered for its energetic and often obscure style, its contributions to the development of a distinctively Jacobean style in poetry, and its idiosyncratic vocabulary
Oct 12 Thomas Dudley a colonial magistrate who served several terms as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Dudley was the chief founder of Newtowne, later Cambridge, Massachusetts, and built the town's first home. He provided land and funds to establish the Roxbury Latin School, and signed Harvard College's new charter during his 1650 term as governor. Dudley was a devout Puritan who was opposed to religious views not conforming with his. In this he was more rigid than other early Massachusetts leaders like John Winthrop, but less confrontational than John Endecott
Oct 25 Thomas Weelkes an English composer and organist. He became organist of Winchester College in 1598, moving to Chichester Cathedral. His works are chiefly vocal, and include madrigals, anthems and services
Oct 28 Rudolph Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt. From 1603, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst

Died in October 1576

Oct 12 Maximilian II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. He was crowned King of Bohemia in Prague on 14 May 1562 and elected King of Germany on 24 November 1562. On 16 July 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary and Croatia in Pressburg. On 25 July 1564 he succeeded his father Ferdinand I as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire
Oct 19 George Gordon 5th Earl of Huntly Lord Chancellor of Scotland and major conspirator of his time.
Oct 26 Frederick III Elector Palatine a ruler from the house of Wittelsbach, branch Palatinate-Simmern-Sponheim. He was a son of John II of Simmern and inherited the Palatinate from the childless Elector Otto-Henry, Elector Palatine in 1559. He was a devout convert to Calvinism, and made Calvinism the official religion of his domain. Under his supervision the Heidelberg Catechism was constructed. His support of Calvinism gave the German Reformed movement a foothold within the Holy Roman Empire