October 1626 in history

Born in October 1626

Oct 4 Richard Cromwell the second ruling Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, serving for just under nine months, from 3 September 1658 until 25 May 1659. After his fall from power, he was given the unflattering nicknames of Tumbledown Dick and Queen Dick by Royalists
Oct 6 Géraud de Cordemoy a French philosopher, historian and lawyer. He is mainly known for his works in metaphysics and for his theory of language

Died in October 1626

Oct 2 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña 1st Count of Gondomar a Spanish diplomat, the Spanish ambassador to England in 1613 to 1622 and afterwards, as a kind of ambassador emeritus, Spain's leading expert on English affairs until his death.
Oct 7 Paul Bril a Flemish painter principally of landscapes who spent most of his active career in Rome. His Italianate landscapes had a major influence on landscape painting in Italy and Northern Europe
Oct 29 Ferdinando Gonzaga Duke of Mantua Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1612 until his death.
Oct 30 Willebrord Snellius a Dutch astronomer and mathematician, known in the English-speaking world as Snell. In the west, especially the English speaking countries, his name has been attached to the law of refraction of light for several centuries, but it is now known that this law was first discovered by Ibn Sahl in 984. The same law was also investigated by Ptolemy and in the Middle Ages by Witelo, but due to lack of adequate mathematical instruments their results were saved as tables, not functions