October 1643 in history

Born in October 1643

Oct 14 Bahadur Shah I the 8th emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled India from 1707 to 1712. His original name was Qutb ud-Din Muhammad Mu'azzam later titled as Shah Alam by his father. He took the throne name Bahadur Shah in 1707. His name Bahādur means "brave" & "hero" in Turko-Mongol languages. Reigning just five years, he was an old man of 63 when he came to power. He made settlements with the Marathas, pacified the Rajputs, and briefly became friendly with the Sikhs in the Punjab. He travelled throughout his reign and only came to rest in Lahore during the last few months of his life

Died in October 1643

Oct 1 Solomon Stoddard the pastor of the Congregationalist Church in Northampton, He succeeded the Rev. Eleazer Mather, marrying his widow around 1670. Stoddard significantly liberalized church policy while promoting more power for the clergy, decrying drinking and extravagance, and urging the preaching of hellfire and the Judgment. The major religious leader of what was then the frontier, he was concerned with the lives of second-generation Puritans. The well-known theologian Jonathan Edwards was his grandson, because Solomon's daughter Esther Stoddard was Jonathan's mother
Oct 6 Jean du Vergier de Hauranne a French Catholic priest who introduced Jansenism into France.