October 1708 in history

October 1708 events chronologically

Oct 9 Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya

Born in October 1708

Oct 16 Albrecht von Haller a Swiss anatomist, physiologist, naturalist and poet. A pupil of Herman Boerhaave, he is often referred to as "the father of modern physiology."
Oct 22 Louis Günther II Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the ruling prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1767 until his death.
Oct 26 Antoine La Vallette a French jesuit clergyman, Superior of the Martinique missions, whose bankruptcy led to the suppression of the Society of Jesus in France.
Oct 27 Jean-Rodolphe Perronet a French architect and structural engineer, known for his many stone arch bridges. His best known work is the Pont de la Concorde

Top 7 most famous people died in October 1708

Oct 1 John Blow an English Baroque composer and organist, appointed to Westminster Abbey in 1669. His pupils included William Croft, Jeremiah Clarke and Henry Purcell. In 1685 he was named a private musician to James His only stage composition, Venus and Adonis , was thought to influence Henry Purcell's later opera Dido and Aeneas. In 1687 he became choirmaster at St Paul's Cathedral, where many of his pieces were performed. In 1699 he was appointed to the newly created post of Composer to the Chapel Royal
Oct 2 Anne Jules de Noailles one of the chief generals of France towards the end of the reign of Louis XIV, and, after raising the regiment of Noailles in 1689, he commanded in Spain during both the War of the Grand Alliance and the War of the Spanish Succession, and was made marshal of France in 1693.
Oct 7 Guru Gobind Singh the last of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was a warrior, poet and philosopher. He succeeded his father Guru Tegh Bahadur as the leader of Sikhs at the young age of nine. He contributed much to Sikhism; notable was his contribution to the continual formalisation of the faith which the first Guru Guru Nanak had founded, as a religion, in the 15th century; and his promotion of the covering of one's hair with a turban. Guru Gobind Singh, the last of the living Sikh Gurus, initiated the Sikh Khalsa in 1699, passing the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Eleventh and Eternal Sikh Guru, the Guru Granth Sahib, the sacred Book of the Sikhs
Oct 9 Olympia Mancini Countess of Soissons the second eldest of the five celebrated Mancini sisters, who along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes because their uncle was Louis XIV's chief minister, Cardinal Mazarin. Olympia was later to become the mother of the famous Austrian general Prince Eugene of Savoy. She also involved herself in various court intrigues including the notorious Poison Affair, which led to her expulsion from France
Oct 10 David Gregory (mathematician) a Scottish mathematician and astronomer. He was professor of mathematics at the University of Edinburgh, Savilian Professor of Astronomy at the University of Oxford, and a commentator on Isaac Newton's Principia
Oct 11 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus a German mathematician, physicist, physician, and philosopher. He is considered by some to have been the inventor of European porcelain, an invention long accredited to Johann Friedrich Böttger but others claim porcelain had been made by English manufacturers at an even earlier date
Oct 28 Prince George of Denmark the husband of Queen Anne, who reigned over Great Britain from 1702.