October 1795 in history

October 1795 events chronologically

Oct 1 Belgium is conquered by France
Oct 4 Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence with a "Whiff of Grapeshot", using cannon to suppress armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the French Legislature (National Convention)
Oct 24 Partitions of Poland: The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth is completely divided among Austria, Prussia, and Russia
Oct 27 The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S

Top 7 most famous people born in October 1795

Oct 5 Karl Ludwig Sand a German university student and member of a liberal Burschenschaft. He was executed in 1820 for the murder of the conservative dramatist August von Kotzebue the previous year in Mannheim. As a result of his execution, Sand became a martyr in the eyes of many German nationalists seeking the creation of a united German national state
Oct 15 Frederick William IV of Prussia the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. Also referred to as the "romanticist on the throne", he is best remembered for the many buildings he had constructed in Berlin and Potsdam, as well as for the completion of the Gothic Cologne cathedral. In politics, he was a conservative, and in 1849 he rejected the title of German Emperor offered to him by the Frankfurt parliament, considering that it was not in the parliament's gift. In 1857, he suffered a stroke, and was left incapacitated, until his death
Oct 15 Prospero Caterini an Italian cardinal.
Oct 19 Arthur Morin a French physicist. He conducted experiments in mechanics and invented the Morin dynamometer
Oct 25 John P. Kennedy an American novelist and Whig politician who served as United States Secretary of the Navy from July 26, 1852 to March 4, 1853, during the administration of President Millard Fillmore, and as a U.S. Representative from the Maryland's 4th congressional district. He was the brother of U.S. Senator Anthony Kennedy. He was also the Speaker of the Maryland State assembly and served several different terms in the assembly
Oct 26 Nikolaos Mantzaros a Greek composer born in Corfu and the major representative of the so-called Ionian School of music. He was of mixed Greek and Italian noble descent, coming from one of the most important and wealthy families of the "Libro d'Oro" di Corfu and therefore he never considered himself a "professional composer". Recent research and performances have led to a re-evaluation of Mantzaros as a significant composer and music theorist
Oct 31 John Keats an English Romantic poet. He was one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poets along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley despite his work having been in publication for only four years before his death

Died in October 1795

Oct 7 Johann Georg Ritter von Zimmermann a Swiss philosophical writer, naturalist, and physician.
Oct 8 Andrew Kippis an English nonconformist clergyman and biographer.
Oct 10 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria an Italian theologian, historian, and prolific writer.
Oct 13 William Prescott an American colonel in the Revolutionary War who commanded the rebel forces in the Battle of Bunker Hill. Prescott is known for his order to his soldiers, "Do not fire until you see the whites of their eyes", such that the rebel troops may shoot at the enemy at shorter ranges, and therefore more accurately and lethally, and so conserve their limited stocks of ammunition. It is debated whether Prescott or someone earlier coined this memorable saying
Oct 25 Francesco Uttini an Italian composer and conductor who was active mostly in Sweden.
Oct 27 Madhavrao II Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India, from a young age. He was known as Sawai Madhav Rao or Madhav Rao Narayan. He was the posthumous son of Narayanrao Peshwa, murdered in 1773 on the orders of Raghunathrao Madhavrao was considered the legal heir, and was brought to power as peshwa by the treaty of Salbai in 1782