October 1855 in history

Top 7 most famous people born in October 1855

Oct 3 Louis de Beaufront Louis Chevreux was a major influence in the development of Ido, an international auxiliary language. Beaufront was initially an advocate of Esperanto and was largely responsible for its early diffusion in western Europe as well as one of its first French proponents
Oct 12 Arthur Nikisch a Hungarian conductor who performed internationally, holding posts in Boston, London and—most importantly—Berlin. He was considered an outstanding interpreter of the music of Bruckner, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven and Liszt. Johannes Brahms praised Nikisch's performance of his Fourth Symphony as "quite exemplary, it's impossible to hear it any better."
Oct 12 Friedrich Ferdinand Duke of Schleswig-Holstein the fourth Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
Oct 16 Samad bey Mehmandarov an Azerbaijani General of the Artillery in the Imperial Russian Army and served as the Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
Oct 20 Xu Shichang President of the Republic of China from October 10, 1918 to June 2, 1922.
Oct 24 James S. Sherman a United States Representative from New York and the 27th Vice President of the United States , under President William Howard Taft. He was a member of the inter-related Baldwin, Hoar, and Sherman families, prominent lawyers and politicians of New England
Oct 27 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin a Russian practitioner of selection, Honorable Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, and academician of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agriculture.

Died in October 1855

Oct 3 Robert Adair (politician) a distinguished English diplomat, and frequently employed on the most important diplomatic missions.
Oct 4 Timofey Granovsky a founder of mediaeval studies in the Russian Empire.
Oct 5 Thomas Mitchell (explorer) born at Grangemouth in Stirlingshire, Scotland. In 1827 he took up an appointment as Assistant Surveyor General of New South Wales. The following year he became Surveyor General and remained in this position until his death. Mitchell was knighted in 1839 for his contribution to the surveying of Australia
Oct 6 August Leopold Crelle a German mathematician. He was born in Eichwerder near Wriezen, Brandenburg, and died in Berlin. He is the founder of Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik. He befriended Niels Henrik Abel and published seven of Abel's papers in the first volume of his journal
Oct 7 François Magendie a French physiologist, considered a pioneer of experimental physiology. He is known for describing the foramen of Magendie. There is also a Magendie sign, a downward and inward rotation of the eye due to a lesion in the cerebellum. Magendie was a faculty at the College of France, holding the Chair of Medicine from 1830 to 1855
Oct 23 François André Michaux a French botanist, son of André Michaux and the namesake of Michaux State Forest in Pennsylvania. Michaux père botanized in North America for nearly a dozen years as royal collector for France
Oct 24 Henryka Beyer a German painter active in Poland. The youngest sister of Wilhelm Henryk Minter, an architect