October 1861 in history

October 1861 events chronologically

Oct 9 American Civil War: Battle of Santa Rosa Island: Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens
Oct 17 Nineteen people are killed in the Cullin-La-Ringo massacre, the deadliest massacre of Europeans by aborigines in Australian history
Oct 21 American Civil War: Battle of Ball's Bluff – Union forces under Colonel Edward Baker are defeated by Confederate troops in the second major battle of the war. Baker, a close friend of Abraham Lincoln, is killed in the fighting
Oct 23 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related cases
Oct 24 The First Transcontinental Telegraph line across the United States is completed, spelling the end for the 18-month-old Pony Express
Oct 25 The Toronto Stock Exchange is created
Oct 26 The Pony Express officially ceases operations

Top 7 most famous people born in October 1861

Oct 4 Frederic Remington an American painter, illustrator, sculptor, and writer who specialized in depictions of the Old American West, specifically concentrating on the last quarter of the 19th-century American West and images of cowboys, American Indians, and the S. Cavalry
Oct 4 Walter Rauschenbusch a Christian theologian and Baptist pastor who taught at the Rochester Theological Seminary. Rauschenbusch was a key figure in the Social Gospel movement which flourished in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was also the maternal grandfather of the influential philosopher Richard Rorty
Oct 10 Fridtjof Nansen a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. In his youth a champion skier and ice skater, he led the team that made the first crossing of the Greenland interior in 1888, and won international fame after reaching a record northern latitude of 86°14′ during his North Pole expedition of 1893–96. Although he retired from exploration after his return to Norway, his techniques of polar travel and his innovations in equipment and clothing influenced a generation of subsequent Arctic and Antarctic expeditions
Oct 16 J. B. Bury John Bagnell Bury , known as B. Bury, was an Irish historian, classical scholar, Medieval Roman Historian and philologist. He objected to the label "Byzantinist" explicitly in the preface to the 1889 edition of his Later Roman Empire
Oct 16 Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia a son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and a grandson of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
Oct 26 Richard Sears (tennis) an American male tennis player.
Oct 30 Antoine Bourdelle an influential and prolific French sculptor, painter, and teacher. His studio became the Musée Bourdelle, an art museum dedicated to his work, located at 18, rue Antoine Bourdelle, in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, France

Top 7 most famous people died in October 1861

Oct 5 Matthias Ward a lawyer and United States Senator from Texas.
Oct 23 José María Linares president of Bolivia from 1857 to 1861. He was born in Tical, Potosí, on a farm. Belonging to the noble and wealthy family of the Counts of Lords and House of Rodrigo in Navarre, Linares was related to the Spanish nobility. He was educated at the Royal and Pontifical University of San Francisco Xavier, in Sucre
Oct 23 Jorge Córdova a military officer and constitutional president of Bolivia.
Oct 25 Friedrich Carl von Savigny a famous 19th-century jurist and historian.
Oct 25 Sir James Graham 2nd Baronet a British statesman. He was descended from a family long famous in the history of the English border. He was the eldest son of Sir James Graham, 1st Baronet, by Lady Catherine, eldest daughter of the 7th Earl of Galloway. In 1819, he married Fanny Callender, youngest daughter of James Campbell, of Ardkinglas. Sir James was created LL.D. at Cambridge in 1835, was Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, 1840. He was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1830 to 1834 when he resigned on account of the government pressing for a reform of the Irish Church. He became Secretary of the Home Department from September 1841 to July 1846 and again First Lord of the Admiralty from December 1852 until February 1855. He was a member of the Council of the Duchy of Lancaster, and Deputy Lieutenant for county of Hertfordshire. He represented Hull from 1818 to 1820; for St Ives in 1820; for Carlisle from 1826 until 1829; for East Cumberland from 1830 until 1837; for Pembrokeshire District from 1838 until 1841; for Dorchester from 1841 until 1847; for Ripon from 1847 until July 1852; and was again returned for Carlisle from 1852 until his death in 1861. Graham Land in Antarctica is named after him
Oct 28 Ivan Savvich Nikitin a Russian poet.
Oct 28 Edwin James (scientist) a 19th-century American botanist, geographer and geologist who explored the American West. James completed the first recorded ascent of Pikes Peak