October 1871 in history

October 1871 events chronologically

Oct 8 Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan including the Great Chicago Fire, and the much deadlier Peshtigo Fire
Oct 10 The Great Chicago Fire: Chicago burns after a barn accident. The fire lasts from October 8 to October 10
Oct 12 Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) enacted by British rule in India, which named over 160 local communities 'Criminal Tribes', i.e. hereditary criminals. Repealed in 1949, after Independence of India

Top 7 most famous people born in October 1871

Oct 1 Francesco Marchetti Selvaggiani an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Secretary of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, Vicar General of Rome, Secretary of the Holy Office, and Dean of the College of Cardinals. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1930
Oct 2 Cordell Hull an American politician from the U.S. state of Tennessee. He is best known as the longest serving Secretary of State, holding the position for 11 years in the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt during much of World War Hull received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 for his role in establishing the United Nations, and was referred to by President Roosevelt as the "Father of the United Nations"
Oct 14 Alexander von Zemlinsky an Austrian composer, conductor, and teacher.
Oct 17 Segundo de Chomón a pioneering Spanish film director. He produced many short films in France while working for Pathé Frères and has been compared to Georges Méliès, due to his frequent camera tricks and optical illusions. He is regarded as the most significant Spanish silent film director in an international context
Oct 19 Walter Bradford Cannon an American physiologist, professor and chairman of the Department of Physiology at Harvard Medical School. He coined the term fight or flight response, and he expanded on Claude Bernard's concept of homeostasis. He popularized his theories in his book The Wisdom of the Body, first published in 1932
Oct 19 Fyodor Dan one of the founding leaders of Menshevism.
Oct 30 Paul Valéry a French poet, essayist, and philosopher. In addition to his poetry and fiction , his interests included aphorisms on art, history, letters, music, and current events

Top 7 most famous people died in October 1871

Oct 7 John Fox Burgoyne a British Army officer. After taking part in Siege of Malta during the French Revolutionary Wars, he saw action under Sir John Moore and then under Sir Arthur Wellesley at the numerous battles of the Peninsular War. He served under General Edward Pakenham as chief engineer during the War of 1812. He went on to act as official advisor to Lord Raglan during the Crimean War advocating the Bay of Kalamita as the point of disembarkation for allied forces and recommending a Siege of Sevastopol from the south side rather than a coup de main, so consigning the allied forces to a winter in the field in 1854
Oct 11 Eugen Kvaternik a Croatian nationalist politician and one of the founders of the Party of Rights, alongside Ante Starčević. Kvaternik was the leader of the 1871 Rakovica Revolt which was an attempt to create an independent Croatian state, at the time when it was part of Austria-Hungary. In order to get foreign support for his cause Kvaternik visited the Russian Empire, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia. He was also very known for anti-Austro-Hungarian speeches that he made as member of Croatian Parliament
Oct 18 Charles Babbage an English polymath. A mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer, Babbage is best remembered for originating the concept of a programmable computer
Oct 22 Roderick Murchison a Scottish geologist who first described and investigated the Silurian system.
Oct 23 Alexander Afanasyev a Russian Slavist who published nearly 600 Russian folktales and fairytales, one of the largest folktale collection in the world. The first edition of his collection was published in eight fascicules from 1855–67, earning him the reputation of the Russian counterpart to the Brothers Grimm
Oct 26 Robert Anderson (Civil War) a United States Army officer during the American Civil War. To many, he was a hero who defied the Confederacy and upheld Union honor in the first battle of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter in April 1861. The Confederates bombarded the fort and forced its surrender to start the war. After Sumter fell, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general and given command of Union forces in Kentucky, but was removed late in 1861 and reassigned to Rhode Island, before retiring from military service in 1863
Oct 26 Thomas Ewing a National Republican and Whig politician from Ohio. He served in the U.S. Senate as well as serving as the Secretary of the Treasury and the first Secretary of the Interior. He is also known as the foster father of famous American Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman