October 1876 in history

October 1876 events chronologically

Oct 4 Texas A&M University opens as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, becoming the first public institution of higher education in Texas
Oct 6 The American Library Association was founded
Oct 31 A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 deaths

Top 7 most famous people born in October 1876

Oct 6 Jan Bułhak a pioneer of photography in Poland and present-day Belarus and Lithuania, and one of the best-known Polish photographers of the early 20th century. A theoretician and philosopher of photography, he was among the most prominent exponents of pictorialism. He is best known for his landscapes and photographs of various places, especially the city of Vilnius. He was the founder of the Wilno Photoclub and Polish Photoclub, the predecessors of the modern Union of Polish Art Photographers , of which he was an honorary headperson. He is also known as an ethnographer and folklorist
Oct 9 Sol Plaatje a South African intellectual, journalist, linguist, politician, translator and writer. The Sol Plaatje Local Municipality, which includes the city of Kimberley, is named after him, as is the Sol Plaatje University in that city, which opened its doors in 2014
Oct 12 Cyril Vladimirovich Grand Duke of Russia a member of the Russian Imperial Family. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the deaths of Tsar Nicholas II and his brother Michael, Cyril assumed the Headship of the Imperial Family of Russia and later the title Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
Oct 13 Rube Waddell an American southpaw pitcher in Major League Baseball. In his thirteen-year career he played for the Louisville Colonels , Pittsburgh Pirates and Chicago Orphans in the National League, and the Philadelphia Athletics and Louis Browns in the American League. Born in Bradford, Pennsylvania, Waddell was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946
Oct 19 Mordecai Brown an American Major League Baseball pitcher at the turn of the 20th century. Due to a farm-machinery accident in his youth, Brown lost parts of two fingers on his right hand and eventually acquired his nickname as a result. Overcoming this handicap and turning it to his advantage, he became one of the elite pitchers of his era. He was known primarily for his exceptional curveball, which broke radically before reaching the plate
Oct 23 Franz Schlegelberger State Secretary in the German Reich Ministry of Justice and served a while as Justice Minister during the Third Reich. He was the highest-ranking defendant at the Judges' Trial in Nuremberg
Oct 31 Natalie Clifford Barney an American playwright, poet and novelist who lived as an expatriate in Paris.

Top 7 most famous people died in October 1876

Oct 1 James Lick an American carpenter, piano builder, land baron, and patron of the sciences. At the time of his death, he was the wealthiest man in California, and left the majority of his estate to social and scientific causes
Oct 2 Louis-Ovide Brunet considered one of the founding fathers of Canadian botany.
Oct 4 Johannes Rebmann a German missionary and explorer credited with feats including being the first European, along with his colleague Johann Ludwig Krapf, to enter Africa from the Indian Ocean coast. In addition, he was the first European to find Kilimanjaro. News of Rebmann's discovery was published in the Church Missionary Intelligencer in May 1849, but disregarded as mere fantasy for the next twelve years. The Geographical Society of London held that snow could not possibly occur let alone persist in such latitudes and considered the report to be the hallucination of a malaria-stricken missionary. It was only in 1861 that researchers began their efforts to measure Kilimanjaro. Expeditions to Tanzania between 1861 and 1865, led by the German Baron Carl Claus von der Decken, confirmed Rebmann’s report. Together with his colleague Johann Ludwig Krapf he also discovered Kenya. Their work there is also thought to have had effects on future African expeditions by Europeans, including the exploits of Sir Richard Burton, John Hanning Speke, and David Livingstone. After losing most of his eyesight and entering into a brief marriage, he died of pneumonia
Oct 6 John Young 1st Baron Lisgar the second Governor General of Canada, in office from 1869 to 1872. From 1848 to 1870 he was known as Sir John Young, 2nd Bt
Oct 10 George Hay 8th Marquess of Tweeddale a Scottish soldier and administrator. He served as a staff officer in the Peninsular War under Arthur Wellesley and was with Wellesley at the Second Battle of Porto when they crossed the Douro river and routed Marshal Soult's French troops in Porto. Hay also saw action at the Battle of Bussaco and at the Battle of Vitoria. He later served in the War of 1812 and commanded the 100th Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Chippawa when he was taken prisoner of war. He went on to become Governor of Madras and, at the same time, Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army, in which role he restored the discipline of the army, which had been allowed to fall into a relaxed state
Oct 18 Francis Preston Blair an American journalist and politician.
Oct 26 Anton von Prokesch-Osten an Austrian diplomat, statesman and general.