October 1883 in history

October 1883 events chronologically

Oct 4 First run of the Orient Express
Oct 4 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland
Oct 20 Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru's involvement in the War of the Pacific
Oct 22 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens with a performance of Gounod's Faust

Top 7 most famous people born in October 1883

Oct 2 Karl von Terzaghi an Austrian civil engineer and geologist known as the "father of soil mechanics".
Oct 8 Otto Heinrich Warburg a German physiologist, medical doctor and Nobel laureate. He served as an officer in the elite Uhlan during the First World War, and was awarded the Iron Cross for bravery. Warburg is considered one of the 20th century's leading biochemists. He was the sole recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1931. In total, he was nominated for the award 47 times over the course of his career
Oct 10 Adolph Joffe a Communist revolutionary, a Bolshevik politician and a Soviet diplomat of Karaite descent.
Oct 13 Alexander Yegorov (military) a Soviet military leader during the Russian Civil War, when he commanded the Red Army's Southern Front and played an important part in defeating the White forces in Ukraine. In 1920 Yegorov was one of the Red Army commanders during the Polish-Soviet War. In this campaign he was a close colleague of Stalin and of Semyon Budyonny
Oct 17 A. S. Neill Alexander Sutherland Neill , known as S. Neill, was a Scottish educator and author known for his school, Summerhill School, and its philosophies of freedom from adult coercion and community self-governance. Neill was raised in Scotland, where he was a poor student but became a schoolteacher. He taught in several schools across the country before attending the University of Edinburgh from 1908 to 1912. He took two jobs in journalism before World War I, and returned to teaching afterwards. He joined the staff of a school in Dresden in 1921, which became Summerhill upon his return to England in 1924. Summerhill received widespread renown in the 1920s/30s and 1960s/70s due to progressive and counterculture interest. He wrote 20 books in his lifetime, and his best seller was the 1960 Summerhill, a compilation of four previous books about his school. The book was a common ancestor to activists in the 60s free school movement
Oct 26 Napoleon Hill an American author in the area of the new thought movement who was one of the earliest producers of the modern genre of personal-success literature. He is widely considered to be one of the great writers on success. His most famous work, Think and Grow Rich , is one of the best-selling books of all time. Hill's works examined the power of personal beliefs, and the role they play in personal success. He became an advisor to President Franklin Roosevelt from 1933 to 1936. "Anything the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can be achieved," is one of Hill's hallmark expressions. How achievement actually occurs, and a formula for it that puts success in reach of the average person, were the focal points of Hill's books
Oct 31 Tony Wilding a champion tennis player from Christchurch, New Zealand and a soldier killed in action during World War I.

Top 7 most famous people died in October 1883

Oct 5 Joachim Barrande a French geologist and palaeontologist.
Oct 6 Dục Đức Emperor of Vietnam for three days, from 20–23 July 1883. He was the fifth emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty. He was the father of Thành Thái, emperor from 1889 to 1907
Oct 16 Yevfimy Putyatin a Russian admiral noted for his diplomatic missions to Japan and China which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Shimoda in 1855.
Oct 22 Thomas Mayne Reid a Scots-Irish American novelist. "Captain" Reid wrote many adventure novels akin to those written by Frederick Marryat and Robert Louis Stevenson. He was a great admirer of Lord Byron. These novels contain action that takes place primarily in untamed settings: the American West, Mexico, South Africa, the Himalayas, and Jamaica
Oct 29 Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose a French Catholic and senator. He was the last surviving cardinal to have been born in the 18th century
Oct 30 Dayananda Saraswati an important Hindu religious leader of his time. He is well known as the founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. He was a profound scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit language. He was the first to give the call for Swarajya as "India for Indians" – in 1876, later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak. Denouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship prevalent in Hinduism at the time, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies. Subsequently the philosopher and President of India, Radhakrishnan, called him one of the "makers of Modern India," as did Sri Aurobindo
Oct 30 Robert Volkmann a German composer.