October 1888 in history

October 1888 events chronologically

Oct 9 The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public
Oct 14 Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene
Oct 15 The "From Hell" letter sent by Jack the Ripper is received by investigators
Oct 17 Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie)
Oct 21 Foundation of the Swiss Social Democratic Party
Oct 29 The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace
Oct 30 Rudd Concession granted by King Lobengula of Matabeleland to agents of Cecil Rhodes led by Charles Rudd

Top 7 most famous people born in October 1888

Oct 4 Friedrich Olbricht a German general and one of the plotters involved in the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler at the Wolfsschanze in East Prussia on 20 July 1944.
Oct 6 Roland Garros (aviator) an early French aviator and a fighter pilot during World War I.
Oct 7 Henry A. Wallace the 33rd Vice President of the United States , the Secretary of Agriculture , and the Secretary of Commerce. In the 1948 presidential election, Wallace was the nominee of the Progressive Party
Oct 9 Nikolai Bukharin a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet politician and prolific author on revolutionary theory.
Oct 14 Katherine Mansfield a prominent modernist writer of short fiction who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield. When she was 19, Mansfield left New Zealand and settled in the United Kingdom, where she became a friend of modernist writers such as D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf. In 1917 she was diagnosed with extrapulmonary tuberculosis, which led to her death at the age of 34
Oct 16 Eugene O'Neill an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature. His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into American drama techniques of realism earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish playwright August Strindberg. His plays were among the first to include speeches in American vernacular and involve characters on the fringes of society, where they struggle to maintain their hopes and aspirations, but ultimately slide into disillusionment and despair. Of his very few comedies, only one is well-known. Nearly all of his other plays involve some degree of tragedy and personal pessimism
Oct 25 Richard E. Byrd an American naval officer who specialized in feats of exploration. He was a pioneering American aviator, polar explorer, and organizer of polar logistics. Aircraft flights, in which he served as a navigator and expedition leader, crossed the Atlantic Ocean, a segment of the Arctic Ocean, and a segment of the Antarctic Plateau. Byrd claimed that his expeditions had been the first to reach the North Pole and the South Pole by air. However, majority of polar experts are now of the opinion that Roald Amundsen has the first verifiable claim to each pole. Byrd was a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the highest honor for heroism given by the United States

Died in October 1888

Oct 4 Cesare Correnti an Italian revolutionary and politician.
Oct 8 Jules d'Anethan a Belgian Catholic Party politician.
Oct 16 John Wentworth (Illinois) the editor of the Chicago Democrat, publisher of an extensive Wentworth family genealogy, a two-term mayor of Chicago, and a six-term member of the United States House of Representatives, both before and after his service as mayor.
Oct 17 Princess Marie Amelie of Baden the youngest daughter of Charles, Grand Duke of Baden and Stéphanie de Beauharnais, the adopted daughter of Napoleon I of France. In 1843, she married the Scottish nobleman William Hamilton, Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale. They became the Duke and Duchess of Hamilton upon the death of William's father in 1852. Their only daughter Mary married the future Albert I, Prince of Monaco and was the mother of Louis II
Oct 18 Albert Zimmermann a German painter. He was the brother of painters Max, Richard, and Robert Zimmermann, and served as Max's teacher. He was primarily self-taught as a painter, but did study at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts and the Academy of Fine Arts Munich
Oct 25 Theodor Kjerulf a Norwegian geologist and poet.
Oct 28 Princess Helena of Nassau daughter of William, Duke of Nassau , and consort of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont.