October 1913 in history

October 1913 events chronologically

Oct 9 The steamship SS Volturno catches fire in the mid-Atlantic
Oct 10 United States President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike thus ending construction on the Panama Canal
Oct 14 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, occurs, and it claims the lives of 439 miners
Oct 31 Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile highway across United States
Oct 31 The Indianapolis Streetcar Strike and subsequent riot begins

Top 7 most famous people born in October 1913

Oct 10 Claude Simon a French novelist and the 1985 Nobel Laureate in Literature.
Oct 11 Joe Simon an American comic book writer, artist, editor, and publisher. Simon created or co-created many important characters in the 1930s–1940s Golden Age of Comic Books and served as the first editor of Timely Comics, the company that would evolve into Marvel Comics
Oct 15 Wolfgang Lüth the second most successful German U-boat ace of World War His career record of 46 merchant ships plus the French submarine Doris sunk during 15 war patrols, with a total displacement of 230,781 gross register tons , was second only to that of Korvettenkapitän Otto Kretschmer, whose 47 sinkings totaled 272,958 GRT.
Oct 19 Vinicius de Moraes born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Son of Lydia Cruz de Moraes and Clodoaldo Pereira da Silva Moraes, he was a seminal figure in contemporary Brazilian music. As a poet, he wrote lyrics for a great number of songs that became all-time classics. He was also a composer of bossa nova, a playwright, a diplomat and, as an interpreter of his own songs, he left several important albums
Oct 22 Robert Capa a Hungarian war photographer, photojournalist and also the companion and professional partner of photographer Gerda Taró. He covered five wars: the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II across Europe, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the First Indochina War. He documented the course of World War II in London, North Africa, Italy, the Battle of Normandy on Omaha Beach and the liberation of Paris
Oct 22 Bảo Đại the 13th and final emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty, which was the last dynasty of Vietnam. From 1926 to 1945, he was king of Annam. During this period, Annam was a protectorate within French Indochina, covering the central two-thirds of the present-day Vietnam. Bảo Đại ascended the throne in 1932
Oct 25 Klaus Barbie an SS-Hauptsturmführer and Gestapo member. He was known as the "Butcher of Lyon" for having personally tortured French prisoners of the Gestapo while stationed in Lyon, France. After the war, United States intelligence services employed him for their anti-Marxist efforts and also helped him escape to South America. The Bundesnachrichtendienst, the West German intelligence agency, recruited him, and he may have helped the CIA capture Argentine revolutionary Che Guevara in 1967. Barbie is also suspected of having a hand in the Bolivian coup d'état orchestrated by Luis García Meza Tejada in 1980. After the fall of the dictatorship, Barbie no longer had the protection of the Bolivian government and in 1983 was extradited to France, where he was convicted of war crimes and died in prison

Top 7 most famous people died in October 1913

Oct 10 Katsura Tarō a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, politician and three-time Prime Minister of Japan.
Oct 13 Leonid Sobolev an Imperial Russian Army general and politician.
Oct 16 Ralph Rose an American track and field athlete. He was born in Healdsburg, California
Oct 18 Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo the king of the Zulu nation from 20 May 1884 until his death in 1913. He succeeded his father Cetshwayo, who was the last king of the Zulus to be officially recognized as such by the British. Zululand had been broken up into 13 smaller territories after the Anglo-Zulu War, and Cetshwayo, and subsequently Dinuzulu, administered one of them. The British later realized the futility of breaking up Zululand into the territories and restored Cetshwayo as paramount leader of the territories. However, they left one of Cetshwayo's sons, Usibepu , alone with his lands intact. On 22 July 1883, Usibepu attacked Cetshwayo's new kraal in Ulundi, wounding the king and causing him to flee
Oct 20 Daniel David Palmer or D.D. Palmer was the founder of chiropractic. Palmer was born in Pickering, Canada West and raised in the southern Ontario area, where he received his education
Oct 23 Edwin Klebs a German-Swiss pathologist. He is mainly known for his work on infectious diseases. His works paved the way for the beginning of modern bacteriology, and inspired Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch. He was the first to identify a bacterium that causes diphtheria, which was called Klebs-Loeffler bacterium. He is the father of physician Arnold Klebs
Oct 25 Frederick Rolfe an English writer, artist, photographer and eccentric.