Born on September 1

560 Abu Sufyan ibn Harb the leader of the Quraish tribe of Mecca. He was a staunch opponent of the Islamic prophet Muhammad before accepting Islam and becoming a Muslim warrior later in his life. His mother, Safia, is the paternal aunt of Maymuna bint al-Harith
948 Emperor Jingzong of Liao an emperor of the Liao Dynasty and reigned from March 13, 969 to October 13, 982.
1145 Ibn Jubayr a geographer, traveler and poet from al-Andalus. His travel chronicle describes the pilgrimage he made to Mecca from 1183 to 1185, in the years preceding the Third Crusade. His chronicle describes Saladin's domains in Egypt and the Levant which he passed through on his way to Mecca. Further, on his return journey he passed through Christian Sicily, which had only been recaptured from the Muslims a century before, and he makes several observations on the hybrid polyglot culture which flourished there
1288 Elizabeth Richeza of Poland a Polish princess member of the House of Piast and by her two marriages Queen consort of Bohemia, Poland and Duchess consort of Austria and Styria.
1341 Frederick the Simple King of Sicily from 1355 to 1377. He was the second son of Peter II of Sicily and Elisabeth of Carinthia. He succeeded his brother Louis. The documents of his era call him the "infante Frederick, ruler of the kingdom of Sicily", without any regnal number
1403 Louis VIII Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt from 1443 until his death. He was born in Paris, a son of Louis VII and his first wife Anne de Bourbon-La Marche, a daughter of John I, Count of La Marche. He died in 1445 at Ingolstadt
1453 Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba a Spanish general who fought in the Conquest of Granada and the Italian Wars. He reorganized the emerging Spanish army and its tactics, and was regarded as the "father of trench warfare". He was also called "The Great Captain". Many influential men fought under him , and he was admired by the generation of conquistadors which followed
1529 Taddeo Zuccari an Italian painter, one of the most popular members of the Roman mannerist school.
1566 Edward Alleyn an English actor who was a major figure of the Elizabethan theatre and founder of Dulwich College and Alleyn's School.
1588 Henri Prince of Condé (1588–1646) a Prince du Sang.
1589 Giovanni Pesaro the 103rd Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on April 8, 1658 until his death. The Cretan War was ongoing for the entirety of his brief reign
1593 Mumtaz Mahal For other uses, see Mumtaz Mahal.
1593 Torsten Stålhandske a Finnish officer in the Swedish army during the Thirty Years' War.
1611 William Cartwright (dramatist) an English poet, dramatist and churchman.
1612 Nicolas Chorier a French lawyer, writer, and historian. He is known especially for his historical works on Dauphiné, as well as his erotic dialogue called The School of Women, or The Seven Flirtatious Encounters of Aloisia
1637 Nicolas Catinat a French military commander and Marshal of France under Louis XIV. The son of a magistrate, Catinat was born in Paris on 1 September 1637. He entered the Gardes Françaises at an early age and distinguished himself at the Siege of Lille in 1667
1642 Angelo Paoli an Italian Carmelite, known as "the father of the poor".
1647 Princess Anna Sophie of Denmark the eldest daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Electress of Saxony from 1680 to 1691 as the wife of John George III.
1651 Natalya Naryshkina the Tsaritsa of Russia from 1671–1676 as the second spouse of Tsar Alexei I of Russia, and mother of Tsar Peter I of Russia.
1653 Johann Pachelbel a German composer, organist and teacher who brought the south German organ tradition to its peak. He composed a large body of sacred and secular music, and his contributions to the development of the chorale prelude and fugue have earned him a place among the most important composers of the middle Baroque era
1689 Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer a Bohemian architect of the Baroque era. He was the fifth son of the German architect Christoph Dientzenhofer and a Bohemian mother and a member of the well known Dientzenhofer family of architects. As an architect he co-operated with his father and with Jan Santini Aichel
1711 William IV Prince of Orange the first hereditary stadtholder of the Netherlands.
1718 Antoine de Chézy a French hydraulics engineer. He is known for the Chézy formula, which concerned the velocity of pipe flow, and in modified form he used for open channel flow as well. He died in 1798 after being director of the École nationale des ponts et chaussées for less than a year. His son was the orientalist Antoine-Léonard de Chézy
1726 Johann Becker (organist) a German organist, teacher, and composer, born in Helsa-Wickenrode, near Kassel. He studied with Bach in Leipzig from about 1745 to 1748. He taught in Hartmuthsachsen, Bettenhausen, and Kassel, where in 1761 he was appointed municipal organist. In 1770 he was appointed court organist. He wrote mainly church music
1727 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gobel a French Roman Catholic cleric and politician of the Revolution. He was executed during the Reign of Terror
1751 Emanuel Schikaneder a German impresario, dramatist, actor, singer and composer. He was the librettist of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera The Magic Flute and the builder of the Theater an der Wien. Branscombe called him "one of the most talented theatre men of his era"
1758 George Spencer 2nd Earl Spencer a British Whig politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents
1775 Honoré Charles Reille a Marshal of France, born in Antibes.
1776 Jacques Gervais baron Subervie a French general and politician.
1785 Samuel Pechell a prominent British Royal Navy officer of the early nineteenth century. Although he served in several celebrated naval actions of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars his most important achievements were made while serving as a Lord of the Admiralty, pioneering the science and instruction of rapid and accurate gunnery in the Royal Navy through training facilities and manuals
1791 Lydia Sigourney a popular American poet during the early and mid 19th century. She was commonly known as the "Sweet Singer of Hartford". Most of her works were published with just her married name Mrs. Sigourney
1795 James Gordon Bennett Sr. the founder, editor and publisher of the New York Herald and a major figure in the history of American newspapers.
1795 Rudolf von Auerswald a German official who served as Prime Minister of Prussia during the Revolution of 1848. Later, during the ministry of Charles Anthony, Prince of Hohenzollern, he led the government in all but name
1798 Richard Delafield Chief of Engineers, and was a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
1799 Ferenc Gyulay a Hungarian nobleman who served as Austrian Governor of Lombardy-Venetia and commanded the losing Austrian army at the Battle of Magenta.
1800 Giuseppe Gabriel Balsamo-Crivelli an Italian naturalist.
1804 John Michel a British Army officer. He commanded the 6th Regiment of Foot during the Eighth Xhosa War in 1851 and served as Chief of Staff of the British Army's Turkish contingent during the Crimean War in 1854 before transferring to India where he commanded the Malwa Field Force which pursued Tatya Tope in the aftermath of the Indian Mutiny. He then commanded the 1st Division at the Battle of Taku Forts in August 1860 during the Second Opium War and took part in the burning of the Old Summer Palace at Peking in October 1860 as a reprisal for the torture and murder of British prisoners before being appointed Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong in 1861. He later commanded of the forces in British North America playing a key role in the organization of the militia volunteers in resistance to the Fenian raids invasions in 1866. His last appointment was as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland in 1875
1807 Pieter Willem Korthals a Dutch botanist. Korthals was the official botanist with the Dutch East India Service from 1831 to 1836. Among his many discoveries was the medicinal plant Kratom. Korthals wrote the first monograph on the tropical pitcher plants, "Over het geslacht Nepenthes", published in 1839
1809 Edward Palmer (Canadian politician) born at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island and resided in Prince Edward Island until his death. He is considered one of the Fathers of Canadian Confederation, despite his opposition to Confederation, as he was a delegate to both the Charlottetown and Québec Conferences
1818 José María Castro Madriz a Costa Rican lawyer, academic, diplomat, and politician. He served twice as President of Costa Rica, from 1847 to 1849, and from 1866 to 1868. On both occasions he was prevented from completing his term of office by military coups. During his first administration, on 31 August 1848, he formally declared Costa Rica an independent republic, definitively severing Costa Rica's ties to the moribund Federal Republic of Central America
1826 Alfred Ely Beach an American inventor, publisher, and patent lawyer, born in Springfield, Massachusetts. He is most known for his design of New York City's earliest subway predecessor, the Beach Pneumatic Transit. He also patented a typewriter for the blind
1832 Ilarion Ruvarac historian and Orthodox priest, a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Ruvarac introduced the critical methods into Serbian historiography. He was archimandrite of Grgeteg monastery. His three brothers were all distinguished—the eldest, Lazar Ruvarac, as a high government official; the second, Kosta Ruvarac , as a writer and literary critic; and the youngest, Dimitrije Ruvarac, as a historian, Orthodox clergyman, politician and one of the most active publishers of his time
1835 Raphael Kalinowski a Polish Discalced Carmelite friar inside the Russian partition of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in the city of Vilnius. He was a teacher, engineer, prisoner of war, royal tutor, and priest, who founded many Carmelite monasteries around Poland after their suppression by the Russians
1835 William Stanley Jevons an English economist and logician.
1836 Robert Swinhoe an English naturalist who worked as a Consul in Formosa. He discovered many Southeast Asian birds and several, such as Swinhoe's Pheasant, are named after him
1837 Tony Robert-Fleury a French painter.
1839 Otto Pfleiderer a German Protestant theologian. Through his writings and his lectures, he became known as one of the most influential representatives of liberal theology
1843 Nadezhda Suslova Russia's first female physician and a sister of Polina Suslova. She worked as a gynecologist in Nizhny Novgorod, and was involved in many charity efforts
1846 Carlo Cafiero an Italian anarchist, champion of Mikhail Bakunin during the second half of the 19th century and one of the main proponents of anarcho-communism during the First International.
1848 Auguste Forel a Swiss myrmecologist, neuroanatomist and psychiatrist, notable for his investigations into the structure of the human brain and that of ants. For example, he is considered a co-founder of the neuron theory. Forel is also known for his early contributions to sexology and psychology