Died on September 1

870 Muhammad al-Bukhari a Persian Islamic scholar who authored the hadith collection known as Sahih al-Bukhari, regarded by Sunni Muslims as one of the most sahih of all hadith compilations. He also wrote the books Al-Adab al-Mufrad
1015 Gero II Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark the eldest son of Thietmar, Margrave of Meissen, and Schwanehilde , daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony. He was therefore probably a grandson of Hidda and Christian of Thuringia and named for his great uncle Gero the Great. He succeeded his probable uncle, Hodo, as Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark including Mark Lausitz in 993 upon the death of margrave of Lusatia Hodo or Odo I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark
1054 García Sánchez III of Navarre king of Navarre from 1035 to 1054. He was the eldest legitimate son and heir of Sancho the Great, born November 1016, and he succeeded his father to the crown of Navarre, becoming feudal overlord over two of his brothers: Ramiro, who was given lands that would serve as the basis for the kingdom of Aragón; and Gonzalo, who received the counties of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza. Likewise, he had some claim to suzerainty over his brother Ferdinand, who under their father had served as Count of Castile, nominally subject to the Kingdom of León but brought under the personal control of Sancho III
1067 Baldwin V Count of Flanders Count of Flanders from 1035 until his death.
1126 Świętosława of Poland the third wife of Duke Vratislaus II of Bohemia and the first Queen of Bohemia as of 1085.
1127 Álmos Duke of Croatia a Hungarian prince, the son of King Géza I of Hungary and brother of King Coloman. He held several governmental posts in the Kingdom of Hungary
1159 Pope Adrian IV pope from 4 December 1154 to his death in 1159.
1256 Kujō Yoritsune the fourth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. His father was kanpaku Kujō Michiie and his grandmother was a niece of Minamoto no Yoritomo. He was born in the year of the Tiger, in the month, on the day, and so his given name at birth was Mitora
1339 Henry XIV Duke of Bavaria duke of Lower Bavaria.
1376 Philip Duke of Orléans a Duke of Orléans, Touraine and Count of Valois, the fifth son of King Philip VI of France and his wife Joan the Lame.
1384 Magnus I Duke of Mecklenburg Duke of Mecklenburg from 1383 until his death. Magnus was the third son of Duke Albert II of Mecklenburg and his wife Euphemia of Sweden, the sister of the King Magnus IV of Sweden. Sometime after 1362, he married Elizabeth of Pomerania-Wolgast, daughter of Barnim IV, Duke of Pomerania
1414 William de Ros 6th Baron de Ros Lord Treasurer of England.
1458 Jonas Goštautas a Lithuanian nobleman from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania of the Goštautai noble family, a politician and skillful land owner. He served as Chancellor of Lithuania between 1443 and 1458 and was a very close advisor and mentor to Casimir IV Jagiellon before the Grand Duke became the 3rd Jagiellonian King of Poland. Gostautas was not his surname, but a pagan Lithuanian given name retained after baptism by his immediate ancestor, while Jonas was his Christian name. His heirs, e.g., his sons like Martynas Goštautas, perhaps inherited the name as a surname. In 1413 at the Union of Horodlo Jonas was adopted by the Polish nobles into the coat-of-arms "Abdank" clan
1480 Ulrich V Count of Württemberg called "der Vielgeliebte" , Count of Württemberg. He was the younger son of Count Eberhard IV and Henriette of Mömpelgard
1552 Ştefan VI Rareş ruler of Moldavia in 1551 and 1552.
1557 Jacques Cartier now Canada for France. Jacques Cartier was the first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named "The Country of Canadas", after the Iroquois names for the two big settlements he saw at Stadacona and at Hochelaga
1569 Maria Temryukovna a Circassian Tsaritsa of the Tsardom of Russia and second wife to Ivan IV of Russia.
1574 Guru Amar Das the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 26 March 1552. He died at an age of 95
1581 Guru Ram Das the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 30 August 1574. He was Guru for seven years. Ram Das was born in Chuna Mandi Lahore, Punjab on 24 September 1534. His father was Hari Das and his mother Anup Devi. His wife was Bibi Bhani, the younger daughter of Guru Amar Das. They had three sons: Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Guru Arjan
1599 Cornelis de Houtman a Dutch explorer who discovered a new sea route from Europe to Indonesia and managed to begin the Dutch spice trade. At the time, the Portuguese Empire held a monopoly on the spice trade, and the voyage was a symbolic victory for the Dutch, even though the voyage itself was a disaster
1600 Tadeáš Hájek the personal physician of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II and a Bohemian astronomer.
1615 Étienne Pasquier a French lawyer and man of letters. By his own account he was born in Paris on 7 June 1529, but according to others he was born in 1528. He was called to the Paris bar in 1549
1621 Bahāʾ al-dīn al-ʿĀmilī a scholar, philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and a poet in 16th-century Iran. He was born in Baalbek which is a part of ancient Jabal Amel region in south Lebanon but immigrated in his childhood to Safavid Iran with his father. He was one of the earliest astronomers in the Islamic world to suggest the possibility of the Earth's movement prior to the spread of the Copernican theory. He is considered one of the main co-founders of Isfahan School of Islamic Philosophy. In later years he became one of the teachers of Mulla Sadra
1648 Marin Mersenne a French theologian, philosopher, mathematician and music theorist, often referred to as the "father of acoustics". Mersenne was "the center of the world of science and mathematics during the first half of the 1600s."
1671 Hugues de Lionne a French statesman.
1678 Jan Brueghel the Younger a Flemish Baroque painter, and the son of Jan Brueghel the Elder.
1685 Leoline Jenkins a Welsh academic, jurist and politician. He was a clerical lawyer serving in the Admiralty courts, and diplomat involved in the negotiation of international treaties
1687 Henry More an English philosopher of the Cambridge Platonist school.
1693 Nicolas Potier de Novion a French magistrate of the Ancien Regime.
1715 Louis XIV of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1643 until his death. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history
1715 François Girardon a French sculptor.
1729 Richard Steele an Irish writer and politician, remembered as co-founder, with his friend Joseph Addison, of the magazine The Spectator.
1744 Frederick Anton Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the ruling Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1718 until his death.
1764 Sebastiano Conca an Italian painter.
1784 Jean-François Séguier a French astronomer and botanist from Nîmes.
1812 Andrei Budberg a Russian Empire diplomat who served as Foreign Minister in 1806–07.
1814 Erik Tulindberg the first known Finnish composer of classical music.
1818 Robert Calder a British naval officer who served in the Seven Years' War, the American Revolutionary War, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
1821 Antoine Gouan a French naturalist who was a native of Montpellier. Gouan was a pioneer of Linnaean taxonomy in France
1838 William Clark (explorer) an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. A native of Virginia, he grew up in prestatehood Kentucky before later settling in what became the state of Missouri. Clark was a planter and slaveholder
1839 Izidor Guzmics born at Vámos-Család in the county of Sopron.
1840 Julius Hermann Schultes a famous Austrian botanist from Vienna. He co-authored volume 7 of the Roemer & Schultes edition of the Systema Vegetabilium with his father Josef August Schultes
1842 Alexandre-Vincent Pineux Duval a French dramatist, sailor, architect, actor, theatre manager. He was the eighth member elected to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1812
1847 Eugénie de Beauharnais a Franco-German princess. She was the second daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais and Princess Augusta of Bavaria, and a member of the house of Beauharnais. In 1826 she married Constantine, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
1850 Karl Friedrich von Gaertner a well-known German botanist, and the son of Joseph Gaertner. He was a pioneer in the study of hybrids, and he is considered an important influence for Gregor Mendel
1856 William Yarrell an English zoologist, prolific writer, bookseller and naturalist admired by his contemporaries for his precise scientific work.
1862 Philip Kearny a United States Army officer, notable for his leadership in the Mexican-American War and American Civil War. He was killed in action in the 1862 Battle of Chantilly
1862 Isaac Stevens the first Governor of Washington Territory, a United States Congressman, and a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War until his death at the Battle of Chantilly. He was appointed posthumously to the grade of major general of volunteers
1864 Barthélemy Prosper Enfantin a French social reformer, one of the founders of Saint-Simonianism. He was also a proponent of a Suez canal
1865 Albert Clinton Horton a Texan politician, and the first Lieutenant Governor of Texas serving under Governor James Henderson.