Born on September 10

920 Louis IV of France called d'Outremer or Transmarinus , reigned as King of Western Francia from 936 to 954. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the son of Charles III and Eadgifu, a daughter of King Edward the Elder
1056 William Margrave of the Nordmark the Margrave of the Nordmark from 1051 until his death. He was the eldest son and successor of the Margrave Bernard and a daughter of Vladimir I of Kiev. He died fighting the Slavs near Prizlawa
1169 Alexios II Komnenos the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch. He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy
1217 William de Redvers 5th Earl of Devon the son of Baldwin de Redvers, 1st Earl of Devon and Adelise Baluun. William de Redvers is also William de Vernon, because he was brought up at Vernon Castle, in Normandy, the seat of his grandfather
1487 Pope Julius III Pope from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555.
1547 George I Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1567 to 1596.
1550 Alonso Pérez de Guzmán 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia the commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armada.
1561 Hernando Arias de Saavedra a soldier and politician of criollo ancestry. He was the first person born in the Americas to become a governor of a European colony in the New World, serving three terms as governor of Rio de la Plata province, 1597-1599, 1602–1609, and 1615-1617
1588 Nicholas Lanier an English composer, singer, lutenist and painter.
1624 Thomas Sydenham an English physician. He was the author of Observationes Medicae which became a standard textbook of medicine for two centuries so that he became known as 'The English Hippocrates’. Among his many achievements was the discovery of a disease, Sydenham's Chorea, also known as St Vitus Dance
1638 Maria Theresa of Spain Queen of France and Navarre as the first wife of King Louis XIV. Famed for her virtue and piety, she was only barely able to fulfill her duty as queen by producing a male heir to the throne, since five of her six children died in early childhood. She is frequently viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts of her husband's reign, since she had no choice but to tolerate his many illicit love affairs
1648 Nicolas Desmarets a Controller-General of Finances during the reign of Louis XIV of France.
1649 Bernhard I Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
1652 Jan Sladký Kozina the Czech revolutionary leader of the Chodové peasant rebellion at the end of the 17th century.
1655 Caspar Bartholin the Younger a Danish anatomist who first described the "Bartholin's gland" in the 17th century.
1659 Henry Purcell an English composer. Although incorporating Italian and French stylistic elements into his compositions, Purcell's legacy was a uniquely English form of Baroque music. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest English composers; no other native-born English composer approached his fame until Edward Elgar
1713 John Needham an English biologist and Roman Catholic priest.
1714 Niccolò Jommelli a Neapolitan composer. He was born in Aversa and died in Naples. Along with other composers mainly in the Holy Roman Empire and France, he made important changes to opera and reduced the importance of star singers
1721 Peyton Randolph a planter and public official from the Colony of Virginia. He served as speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses, chairman of the Virginia Conventions, and the first President of the Continental Congress
1740 Ivan Lepyokhin a Russian naturalist, zoologist, botanist and explorer.
1740 Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida the foremost Portuguese satirical poet of the 18th century. Beginning at age 20, Tolentino studied law for three years at the University of Coimbra; he then ended those studies to teach rhetoric. He was sent to Lisbon in 1776 to fill a post, and was named professor of rhetoric a year later. His interests soon shifted once again, from teaching, to public office. He wrote against the Marquis of Pombal, and therefore gained the favor of Pombal's successor. He was awarded with a sinecure office in the royal administration. In 1790, he was honored with the title of knight of the royal family
1753 John Soane an English architect who specialised in the Neo-Classical style. The son of a bricklayer, he rose to the top of his profession, becoming professor of architecture at the Royal Academy and an official architect to the Office of Works. He received a knighthood in 1831
1755 Bertrand Barère a French politician, freemason, journalist, and one of the most notorious members of the National Convention during the French Revolution.
1758 Hannah Webster Foster an American novelist.
1767 Melchiorre Gioia an Italian writer on philosophy and political economy. His name is spelled Gioia in modern Italian
1775 Murray Maxwell a British Royal Navy officer who served with distinction in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, particularly during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Maxwell first gained recognition as one of the British captains involved in the successful Adriatic campaign of 1807–1814, during which he was responsible for the destruction of a French armaments convoy at the Action of 29 November 1811. As a result of further success in the Mediterranean, Maxwell was given increasingly important commissions and, despite the loss of his ship HMS Daedalus off Ceylon in 1813, was appointed to escort the British Ambassador to China in 1816
1779 Alexander Voeykov a Russian poet, translator, literary historian and journalist, best known for his satirical poems of 1814-1820.
1786 Nicolás Bravo a Mexican politician and soldier. He distinguished himself in both roles during the 1846–1848 U.S. invasion of Mexico
1786 William Mason (U.S. politician) a United States Representative from New York.
1788 Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes a French archaeologist and antiquary notable for his discovery, in about 1830, of flint tools in the gravels of the Somme valley.
1792 Wacław Maciejowski a Polish historian.
1792 Johann Gottfried Ludwig Kosegarten a German orientalist born in Altenkirchen on the island of Rügen. He was the son of ecclesiastic Ludwig Gotthard Kosegarten
1793 Georgije Magarašević Serbian writer, historian, editor and publisher, dramatist, translator and collector of folk proverbs. He belongs to the same generation of Serbian writers as Dimitrije Davidović, Teodor Pavlović, Danilo Medaković, all of whom expressed in some degree their indebtedness to Dositej Obradović and Vuk Karadžić. Georgije Magarašević can be said to have brought philosophy out of the lecture hall and into the market place of life. By understanding and combining what was great and valuable in those divided and scattered endeavours, he became the true successor of Dositej. He is also mentioned as Đorđe or Djordje Magarašević is some texts
1794 François Benoist a French organist, composer, and pedagogue.
1797 Franz Krüger a German painter and lithographer. He was best known for his romantic and lively portraits and pictures of horses, which made him the most in demand military and portrait painter in Berlin. His paintings of military parades and hundreds of portraits led to him painting many of the "well to do" of the city
1797 Piotr Wysocki a Polish lieutenant and leader of the Polish conspiracy against Russian Tsar Nicolas Nobleman of Odrowąż Coat of Arms, he raised military insurgents on 29 November 1830, starting the November Uprising against Russia. In 1831 he was sentenced to death by Russians, but his sentence was commuted to a 20 years exile in Siberia
1797 Benjamin Nicolas Marie Appert a French philanthropist, not to be confused with Nicolas Appert.
1799 Friedrich August von Ammon a German surgeon and ophthalmologist born in Göttingen. He was the son of theologian Christoph Friedrich von Ammon
1801 Marie Laveau a Louisiana Creole practitioner of Voodoo renowned in New Orleans. Her daughter, Marie Laveau II, also practiced Voudoun, as well as Voodoo. She and her mother had great influence over their multiracial following. "In 1874 as many as twelve thousand spectators, both black and white, swarmed to the shores of Lake Pontchartrain to catch a glimpse of Marie Laveau II performing her legendary rites on John's Eve."
1807 Friedrich Gauermann born at Miesenbach near Gutenstein in Lower Austria. He was an early representative of the Veristic style devoted to nature in all its diversity
1809 Thomas Campbell Eyton an English naturalist whose fields were cattle, fishes and birds. He was a friend and correspondent of Charles Darwin though he opposed his theories
1811 Knud Bull a Norwegian painter and counterfeiter. He was convicted for delivering equipment for printing false bank notes, and was deported from Great Britain to Australia in 1846. Bull is regarded as a significant pioneer in Australian landscape painting, and is represented in the major Australian art museums
1814 Henri Guillaume Galeotti a French-Belgian botanist and geologist of Italian parentage born in Paris. He specialized in the study of the family Cactaceae
1817 Richard Spruce an English botanist. One of the great Victorian botanical explorers, Spruce spent 15 years exploring the Amazon from the Andes to its mouth, and was one of the first Europeans to visit many of the places where he collected specimens
1821 William Jervois a British military engineer and diplomat. After joining the British Army in 1839, he saw service, as a second captain, in South Africa. In 1858, as a major, he was appointed Secretary of a Royal Commission set up to examine the state and efficiency of British land-based fortifications against naval attack; and this led to further work in Canada and South Australia. From 1875 to 1888 he was, consecutively, Governor of the Straits Settlements, Governor of South Australia and Governor-General of New Zealand
1824 Gabriel Thomas a French sculptor, born in Paris.
1825 Archduchess Maria Karoline of Austria (1825-1915) an Archduchess of Austria.
1829 Adolf Kamphausen a German Protestant theologian. He was known for his liberal views in regard to Biblical exegesis
1831 Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa an Irish Fenian leader and prominent member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. His life as an Irish Fenian is well documented but he is perhaps known best in death for the graveside oration given at his funeral by Pádraig Pearse
1836 Joseph Wheeler an American military commander and politician. He has the rare distinction of serving as a general during war time for two opposing forces: first as a noted cavalry general in the Confederate States Army in the 1860s during the American Civil War, and later as a general in the United States Army during both the Spanish-American War and Philippine-American War near the turn of the twentieth century. For much of the Civil War he served as the senior cavalry general in the Army of Tennessee and fought in most of its battles in the Western Theater