September 10 events in history

506 The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde
1419 John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy is assassinated by adherents of the Dauphin, the future Charles VII of France
1509 An earthquake known as "The Lesser Judgment Day" hits Constantinople
1515 Thomas Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal
1547 The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, the last full scale military confrontation between England and Scotland, resulting in a decisive victory for the forces of Edward VI
1561 Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima – Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts
1570 Spanish Jesuit missionaries land in present-day Virginia to establish the short-lived Ajacán Mission
1608 John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia
1776 American Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale volunteers to spy for the Continental Army
1798 At the Battle of St. George's Caye, British Honduras defeats Spain
1813 The United States defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812
1823 Simón Bolívar is named President of Peru
1846 Elias Howe is granted a patent for the sewing machine
1858 George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora
1897 Lattimer massacre: A sheriff's posse kills 20 unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States
1898 Empress Elisabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni
1918 Russian Civil War: The Red Army captures Kazan
1919 Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
1932 The New York City Subway's third competing subway system, the municipally-owned IND, is opened
1935 India's first all-boys public school, The Doon School, is founded
1936 First World Individual Motorcycle Speedway Championship, Held at London's (England) Wembley Stadium
1937 Nine nations attend the Nyon Conference to address international piracy in the Mediterranean Sea
1939 World War II: Canada declares war on Nazi Germany, joining the Allies – Poland, France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia
1939 World War II: The submarine HMS Oxley is mistakenly sunk by the submarine HMS Triton near Norway and becomes the Royal Navy's first loss
1942 World War II: The British Army carries out an amphibious landing on Madagascar to re-launch Allied offensive operations in the Madagascar Campaign
1943 World War II: German forces begin their occupation of Rome
1946 While riding a train to Darjeeling, Sister Teresa Bojaxhiu of the Loreto Sisters' Convent claimed to have heard the call of God, directing her "to leave the convent and help the poor while living among them". She would become known as Mother Teresa
1960 At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Abebe Bikila becomes the first sub-Saharan African to win a gold medal, winning the marathon in bare feet
1961 Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German Formula One driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators who are hit by his Ferrari
1967 The people of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain
1972 The United States suffers its first loss of an international basketball game in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany
1974 Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal
1976 A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria DC-9 collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 176
1977 Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by guillotine in France
1987 Pope John Paul II starts his 11-day papal visit to Fort Simpson, Canada and afterwards to several southern and western cities in the United States
1990 The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire, the largest church in Africa, is consecrated by Pope John Paul II
2000 Operation Barras successfully frees six British soldiers held captive for over two weeks and contributes to the end of the Sierra Leone Civil War
2001 Charles Ingram cheats his way into winning one million pounds on a British version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire
2001 Antônio da Costa Santos, mayor of Campinas, Brazil is assassinated
2002 Switzerland, traditionally a neutral country, joins the United Nations
2003 Anna Lindh, the foreign minister of Sweden, is fatally stabbed while shopping, and dies the following day
2007 Former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif returns to Pakistan after seven years in exile, following a military coup in October 1999
2008 The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in history, is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland
2014 The first Invictus Games took place at Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in London