Born on September 11

1182 Minamoto no Yoriie the second shogun of Japan's Kamakura shogunate, and the first son of first shogun Yoritomo.
1196 Maurice de Sully Bishop of Paris from 1160 until his death.
1253 Dmitry Borisovich a Russian nobleman. He was the eldest of the three sons of Prince Rostov Boris Vasylkovych from his marriage to Princess Maria Yaroslavna of Murom. He was Prince of Rostov and Prince of Uglich
1363 Christine de Pizan an Italian French late medieval author. She served as a court writer for several dukes and the French royal court during the reign of Charles She wrote both poetry and prose works such as biographies and books containing practical advice for women. She completed forty-one works during her 30-year career from 1399–1429. She married in 1380 at the age of 15, and was widowed 10 years later. Much of the impetus for her writing came from her need to earn a living for herself and her three children. She spent most of her childhood and all of her adult life in Paris and then the abbey at Poissy, and wrote entirely in her adopted language, Middle French
1476 Louise of Savoy a French noblewoman, Duchess regnant of Auvergne and Bourbon, Duchess of Nemours, the mother of King Francis I of France. She was politically active and served as the Regent of France in 1515, in 1525–1526 and in 1529
1522 Ulisse Aldrovandi an Italian naturalist, the moving force behind Bologna's botanical garden, one of the first in Europe. Carolus Linnaeus and the comte de Buffon reckoned him the father of natural history studies. He is usually referred to, especially in older literature, as Aldrovandus; his name in Italian is equally given as Aldroandi
1524 Pierre de Ronsard a French poet and "prince of poets".
1525 John George Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg and a Duke of Prussia. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, he was the son of Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg, and his first wife Magdalena of Saxony
1557 Joseph Calasanz Sch.P. also known as Joseph Calasanctius and Josephus a Matre Dei, was a Spanish Catholic priest, educator and the founder of the Pious Schools, providing free education to the sons of the poor, and the Religious Order that ran them, commonly known as the Piarists. He is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church
1584 Thomas van Erpe born at Gorinchem, in Holland.
1611 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne Vicomte de Turenne the most illustrious member of the La Tour d'Auvergne family. He achieved military fame and became a Marshal of France. He was one of six marshals who have been made Marshal General of France
1627 John Ernest II Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar. He was the second but eldest surviving son of William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau
1641 Gerard de Lairesse a Dutch Golden Age painter and art theorist. His broad range of talent included music, poetry, and theatre. De Lairesse was influenced by the Perugian Cesare Ripa and French classicist painters as Charles le Brun, Simon Vouet and authors as Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine. His importance grew in the period following the death of Rembrandt. His treatises on painting and drawing, Grondlegginge der teekenkonst , based on geometry and Groot Schilderboek , were highly influential on 18th-century painters
1656 Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark the Queen consort of Sweden as the spouse of King Charles XI of Sweden.
1679 Leopold Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine and Bar from 1690 to his death.
1681 Johann Gottlieb Heineccius a German jurist from Eisenberg, Thuringia.
1700 James Thomson (poet) a Scottish and British poet and playwright, known for his masterpiece The Seasons and the lyrics of "Rule, Britannia!".
1711 William Boyce (composer) widely regarded as one of the most important English-born composers of the 18th century.
1711 Alexandre Guy Pingré a French canon regular, astronomer and naval geographer.
1717 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin Swedish astronomer and demographer.
1719 Tanuma Okitsugu a rōjū of the Tokugawa shogunate who introduced monetary reform. He was also a daimyo, and ruled the Sagara han. He used the title Tonomo-no-kami
1724 Johann Bernhard Basedow a German educational reformer, teacher and writer. He founded the Philanthropinum, a short-lived but influential progressive school in Dessau, and was the author of "Elementarwerk", a popular illustrated textbook for children
1731 Giovanni Andrea Archetti an Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal.
1741 Arthur Young (agriculturist) an English writer on agriculture, economics, social statistics, and campaigner for the rights of agricultural workers.
1743 Nicolai Abildgaard a Danish neoclassical and royal history painter, sculptor, architect, and professor of painting, mythology, and anatomy at the New Royal Danish Academy of Art in Copenhagen, Denmark. Many of his works were in the royal Christiansborg Palace , Fredensborg Palace, and Levetzau Palace at Amalienborg
1747 Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel a younger member of the dynasty that ruled the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel and a Danish general.
1751 Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen a member of the House of Saxe-Meiningen and a Princess of Saxe-Meiningen by birth and a member of the House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg through her marriage to Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
1761 Antoni Protazy Potocki a Polish noble. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on May 8, 1781
1762 Joanna Baillie a Scottish poet and dramatist. Baillie was very well known during her lifetime and, though a woman, intended her plays not for the closet but for the stage. Admired both for her literary powers and her sweetness of disposition, she hosted a literary society in her cottage at Hampstead. Baillie died at the age of 88, her faculties remaining unimpaired to the last
1763 Ignác Gyulay a Hungarian military officer, joined the army of Habsburg Austria, fought against Ottoman Turkey, and became a general officer during the French Revolutionary Wars. From 1806 he held the title of Ban of Croatia. In the struggle against the First French Empire during Napoleonic Wars, he commanded army corps. At the time of his death, he presided over the Hofkriegsrat, the Austrian Council of War
1764 Valentino Fioravanti a celebrated Italian composer of opera buffas.
1769 Johann Erdmann Hummel a German painter.
1771 Mungo Park (explorer) a Scottish explorer of the African continent. He was the first Westerner known to have travelled to the central portion of the Niger River
1779 Philip Osipovich Paulucci an Italian marquis and an adjutant general in Russian army.
1786 Friedrich Kuhlau a German-born Danish composer during the Classical and Romantic periods. He was a central figure of the Danish Golden Age and is immortalized in Danish cultural history through his music for Elves' Hill, the first true work of Danish National Romanticism and a concealed tribute to the absolute monarchy. To this day it is his version of this melody which is the definitive arrangement
1791 John Henry Hill a United States businessman, educator and member of the Episcopal Church, chiefly identified with teaching and missionary work in Greece.
1795 Henrik Reuterdahl archbishop of Sweden from 1856 to his death.
1798 Franz Ernst Neumann a German mineralogist, physicist and mathematician.
1800 Daniel S. Dickinson a New York politician, most notable as a United States Senator from 1844 to 1851.
1803 Léon Gozlan a French Jewish novelist and playwright. He was born in Marseille
1804 Alexander Polezhayev a controversial Russian poet, best known for his satirical poem Sashka which in 1826 resulted in his being demoted to the Caucasian Army, by a special decree of Nicolas I who's taken this daring challenge as a continuation of the Decemberists' revolt. Polezhayev continued to write satires and in the early 1830s became close to the radicals, one of whom, Alexander Hertzen, later remembered him with great warmth in his book of memoirs My Past and Thoughts. A volatile and rebellious character prone to heavy drinking, Polezhayev got involved in a series of incidents, the last of which resulted in his being punished by flogging so severe, fragments of twigs had to be extracted surgically form his back. After that, in the course of several months, Alexander Polezhayev fell ill with tuberculosis and died
1811 Ludwig Julius Budge a German physiologist.
1811 Victor Duruy a French historian and statesman.
1816 Carl Zeiss a German maker of optical instruments best known for the company he founded, Carl Zeiss Jena. Zeiss made contributions to lens manufacturing that have aided the modern production of lenses. Raised in Weimar, Germany, he became a notable lens-maker in the 1840s when he created high-quality lenses that were "wide open", or in other words, had a very large aperture range that allowed for very bright images. He did this in the city of Jena at a self-opened workshop, where he started his lens-making career. At first his lenses were only used in the production of microscopes, but when cameras were invented, his company began manufacturing high-quality lenses for cameras
1822 Olga Nikolaevna of Russia a member of the Russian imperial family who became Queen Consort of Württemberg.
1824 Jakob Bernays a German philologist and philosophical writer.
1825 Eduard Hanslick a German Bohemian music critic.
1834 Aleksey Suvorin a newspaper and book publisher and journalist whose publishing empire wielded considerable influence during the last decades of the Russian Empire.
1836 Fitz Hugh Ludlow an American author, journalist, and explorer; best known for his autobiographical book The Hasheesh Eater.
1838 Adam Asnyk a Polish poet and dramatist of the Positivist era. Born in Kalisz to a noble szlachta family, he was educated to become an heir of his family's estate. As such he received education at the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry in Marymont and then the Medical Surgeon School in Warsaw. He continued his studies abroad in Breslau, Paris and Heidelberg. In 1862 he returned to Congress Poland and took part in the January Uprising as a freedom fighter against the country's occupation by Russian troops. Because of that he had to flee the Tsarstvo and settled in Heidelberg, where in 1866 he received a doctorate of philosophy. Soon afterwards he returned to Poland and settled in the Austrian-held part of the country, initially in Lwów and then in Kraków