Died on September 11

95 Pope Avilius of Alexandria also known as Sabellius, Milius or Melyos, 3rd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark. Upon the death of Bishop Anianus, all the suffragan bishops and priests of his area converged in Alexandria, Egypt where they conferred with the laity about the next appointment to the position
286 Felix and Regula The saints Felix and Regula are Coptic Orthodox and Roman Catholic saints, together with their servant Exuperantius, and are the patron saints of Zürich, their feast day being 11 September at the head of the Coptic Calendar.
1063 Béla I of Hungary King of Hungary from 1060 until his death. He descended from a younger branch of the Árpád dynasty. Béla's baptismal name was Adalbert. He left Hungary together with his brothers, Levente and Andrew, after the execution of Vazul, their father, in 1031. Béla settled in Poland and married Richeza , daughter of King Mieszko II of Poland
1069 Ealdred (archbishop of York) Abbot of Tavistock, Bishop of Worcester, and Archbishop of York in Anglo-Saxon England. He was related to a number of other ecclesiastics of the period. After becoming a monk at the monastery at Winchester, he was appointed Abbot of Tavistock Abbey in around 1027. In 1046 he was named to the Bishopric of Worcester. Ealdred, besides his episcopal duties, served Edward the Confessor, the King of England, as a diplomat and as a military leader. He worked to bring one of the king's relatives, Edward the Exile, back to England from Hungary to secure an heir for the childless king
1161 Melisende Queen of Jerusalem Queen of Jerusalem from 1131 to 1153, and regent for her son between 1153 and 1161 while he was on campaign. She was the eldest daughter of King Baldwin II of Jerusalem, and the Armenian princess Morphia of Melitene. She was named after her paternal grandmother, Melisende of Montlhéry, wife of Hugh I, Count of Rethel. She had three younger sisters: Alice, princess of Antioch; Hodierna, countess of Tripoli; and Ioveta, abbess of Lazarus in Bethany. Hodierna's daughter, Melisende of Tripoli, was named in honor of the queen
1185 Stephen Hagiochristophorites the most powerful member of the court of Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos , and was killed by Isaac II Angelos, who the next day deposed and replaced Andronikos, while trying to arrest him.
1227 Louis IV Landgrave of Thuringia the Landgrave of Thuringia from 1217 to 1227.
1279 Robert Kilwardby an Archbishop of Canterbury in England and as well as a cardinal. Kilwardby was the first member of a mendicant order to attain a high ecclesisatical office in the English Church
1298 Philip of Artois the son of Robert II of Artois, Count of Artois, and Amicie de Courtenay. He was the Lord of Conches, Nonancourt, and Domfront
1349 Bonne of Bohemia born Jutta , the second daughter of John the Blind, king of Bohemia, and his first wife, Elisabeth of Bohemia. She was the first wife of King John II of France; however, as her death occurred a year prior to his coronation, she was never a French queen. Jutta was referred to in French historiography as Bonne de Luxembourg. She was a member of the House of Luxembourg. Among her children were Charles V of France, Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Joan, Queen of Navarre
1373 Isabella Countess of Vertus a French princess and member of the House of Valois, as well as the wife of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Lord of Milan, although she died before her husband's accession.
1493 Catherine of Austria (1420–1493) a member of the House of Habsburg and through marriage Margravine of Baden.
1495 John Stewart 1st Earl of Lennox known as Lord Darnley and later as the Earl of Lennox.
1570 Johannes Brenz a German theologian and the Protestant Reformer of the Duchy of Württemberg.
1577 Pedro de Villagra a Spanish soldier who participated in the conquest of Chile, being appointed its Royal Governor between 1563 and 1565.
1599 Beatrice Cenci an Italian noblewoman. She is famous as the protagonist in events leading to a lurid murder trial in Rome that gave rise to an enduring legend about her
1605 Thomas Tresham (died 1605) a Catholic recusant politician at the end of the Tudor dynasty and the start of the Stuart dynasty in England.
1646 Johann Stobäus a North German composer and lutenist.
1646 Odoardo Farnese Duke of Parma Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1622 to 1646.
1646 Antonio Marcello Barberini an Italian cardinal and the younger brother of Maffeo Barberini, later Pope Urban VIII. He is sometimes referred to as Antonio the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Antonio Barberini
1661 Jan Fyt a Flemish Baroque animal painter and etcher.
1676 Anna de' Medici Archduchess of Austria a daughter of Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and his wife Maria Maddalena of Austria. A patron of the arts, she married Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Further Austria in 1646. They were the parents of Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Holy Roman Empress
1677 James Harrington (author) an English political theorist of classical republicanism, best known for his controversial work, The Commonwealth of Oceana. This work was an exposition on an ideal constitution, designed to facilitate the development of a utopian republic
1680 Roger Crab best known for his ascetic lifestyle which included Christian vegetarianism. Crab fought in the Parliamentary Army in the English Civil War before becoming a haberdasher in Chesham. He later became a hermit and worked as a herbal doctor. He then joined the Philadelphians and began promoting asceticism through his writings
1680 Emperor Go-Mizunoo the 108th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1721 Rudolf Jakob Camerarius a German botanist and physician.
1733 François Couperin a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist. He was known as Couperin le Grand to distinguish him from other members of the musically talented Couperin family
1760 Louis Godin a French astronomer and member of the French Academy of Sciences. He worked in Peru, Spain, Portugal and France
1766 Andrei Ivanovich Bogdanov one of the first Russian bibliographers and ethnographers.
1768 Joseph-Nicolas Delisle a French astronomer and cartographer.
1795 Ivan Betskoy a Russian school reformer who served as Catherine II's advisor on education and President of the Imperial Academy of Arts for thirty years. Perhaps the crowning achievement of his long career was the establishment of Russia's first unified system of public education
1797 Pierre Jélyotte a French operatic tenor, particularly associated with works by Rameau, Lully, Campra, Mondonville and Destouches.
1808 José Celestino Mutis a Spanish priest, botanist and mathematician.
1822 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski a Polish actor, comedist, adaptor, translator, editor of humour magazines, and head of a Polish theatrical family. He was born near Nowogródek. He performed at Teatr Narodowy. He was the father of Alojzy Gonzaga Jazon Żółkowski and Nepomucena Kostecka
1823 David Ricardo a British political economist. He was one of the most influential of the classical economists, along with Thomas Malthus, Adam Smith, and James Mill. He began his professional life as a broker and financial market speculator. He amassed a considerable personal fortune, largely from financial market speculation and, having retired, bought a seat in the U.K. Parliament. He held his parliamentary seat for the last four years of his life. Perhaps his most important legacy is his theory of comparative advantage, which suggests that a nation should concentrate its resources solely in industries where it is most internationally competitive and trade with other countries to obtain products not produced nationally. In essence, Ricardo promoted the idea of extreme industry specialization by nations, to the point of dismantling internationally competitive and otherwise profitable industries. In this thinking Ricardo assumed the existence of a national industry policy aimed at promoting some industries to the detriment of others. For Ricardo some form of Central Economic Planning was a given. Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage has been challenged by, among others, Joan Robinson and Piero Sraffa, but remains the cornerstone of the argument in favour of international free trade as a means of increasing economic prosperity. The theory of comparative advantage was the forerunner of the push towards globalization via increased international trade, the guiding theme in economic policy currently promoted by the OECD and the World Trade Organization
1823 José Correia da Serra a Portuguese Abbot, polymath - philosopher, diplomat, politician and scientist. In some circumstances, he was also known as Abbé Correa. The plant genus Correa is named in his honour
1823 Balthasar von Campenhausen a Russian statesman who held the ranks of Privy Councilor and Chamberlain.
1837 Christian Gottlieb Reichard a German cartographer born in Schleiz, Thuringia. He studied law in Leipzig and subsequently became a city official in Bad Lobenstein
1840 John Gabriel Perboyre C.M. was a French priest, who served as a missionary in China, where he became a martyr. He was canonized in 1996 by Pope John Paul II
1843 Joseph Nicollet a French geographer, astronomer, and mathematician known for mapping the Upper Mississippi River basin during the 1830s. Nicollet led three expeditions in the region between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, primarily in Minnesota, South Dakota, and North Dakota
1851 Sylvester Graham an American dietary reformer, best known for his emphasis on vegetarianism, the temperance movement, and his invention of graham bread, graham flour and the graham cracker.
1855 Maxim Vorobiev a Russian landscape painter.
1858 Aleksander Gurilyov a composer, pianist and music teacher who largely enriched the traditional romantic Russian repertoire through his solid technical accomplishments. He composed well over two hundred musical pieces imbued with romantic, sentimental moods and subtle lyricism which enjoyed great success in Russia. His numerous morceaux in his dramatic declamatory style, pre-date the creative works of Dargomyzhsky, Mussorgsky and Tchaikovsky
1863 Johann Wilhelm Schirmer a German landscape artist from Jülich, within the Prussian Duchy of Jülich.
1865 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière a French general.
1888 Domingo Faustino Sarmiento an Argentine activist, intellectual, writer, statesman and the seventh President of Argentina. His writing spanned a wide range of genres and topics, from journalism to autobiography, to political philosophy and history. He was a member of a group of intellectuals, known as the Generation of 1837, who had a great influence on nineteenth-century Argentina. He was particularly concerned with educational issues and was also an important influence on the region's literature
1891 Antero de Quental a Portuguese poet, philosopher and writer, whose works became a milestone in the Portuguese language, alongside those of Camões or Bocage.
1896 Francis James Child an American scholar, educator, and folklorist, best known today for his collection of folk songs known as the Child Ballads. Child was Boylston professor of rhetoric and oratory at Harvard University, where he produced influential editions of English poetry. In 1876 he was named Harvard's first Professor of English, a position which allowed him to focus on academic research. It was during this time that he began work on the Child Ballads
1909 Karl August Otto Hoffmann a German botanist and a high school teacher in Berlin. Author of Sertum plantarum madagascariensium, the genus Hoffmanniella in the Asteraceae family was named after him by Rudolf Schlechter
1910 Heinrich Caro a German chemist.