September 11 events in history

1185 Isaac II Angelos kills Stephen Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronikos I Komnenos and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire
1226 The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes
1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots jointly-led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray defeat the English
1390 Lithuanian Civil War (1389–92): The Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius
1541 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, led by Michimalonco
1565 Ottoman forces retreat from Malta ending the Great Siege of Malta
1609 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
1609 Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan Island and the indigenous people living there
1649 Siege of Drogheda ends: Oliver Cromwell's English Parliamentarian troops take the town and execute its garrison
1697 Battle of Zenta
1708 Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The army is defeated nine months later in the Battle of Poltava, and the Swedish Empire ceases to be a major power
1709 Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France
1714 Siege of Barcelona: Barcelona, capital city of Catalonia, surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies in the War of the Spanish Succession
1758 Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years' War
1775 Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec leaves Cambridge, Massachusetts
1776 British–American peace conference on Staten Island fails to stop nascent American Revolutionary War
1777 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Brandywine: The British celebrate a major victory in Chester County, Pennsylvania
1786 The beginning of the Annapolis Convention
1789 Alexander Hamilton is appointed the first United States Secretary of the Treasury
1792 The Hope Diamond is stolen along with other French crown jewels when six men break into the house where they are stored
1802 France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont
1803 Battle of Delhi, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, between British troops under General Lake, and Marathas of Scindia's army under General Louis Bourquin
1813 War of 1812: British troops arrive in Mount Vernon and prepare to march to and invade Washington, D.C
1814 War of 1812: The climax of the Battle of Plattsburgh, a major United States victory in the war
1826 Captain William Morgan is arrested in Batavia, New York for debt. This sets into motion the events that lead to his mysterious disappearance
1829 Surrender of the expedition led by Isidro Barradas at Tampico, sent by the Spanish crown in order to retake Mexico. This was the consummation of Mexico's campaign for independence
1830 Anti-Masonic Party convention; one of the first American political party conventions
1847 Stephen Foster's song "Oh! Susanna" is first performed at a saloon in Pittsburgh
1851 Christiana Resistance: Escaped slaves stand against their former owner in armed resistance in Christiana, Pennsylvania, creating a rallying cry for the abolitionist movement
1852 The State of Buenos Aires secedes from the Argentine Federal government, rejoining on September 17, 1861. Several places are named Once de Septiembre after this event
1857 The Mountain Meadows massacre: Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacre 120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah
1893 Parliament of the World's Religions opens in Chicago, where Swami Vivekananda delivers his speech on fanaticism, tolerance and the truth inherent in all religions
1897 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom
1903 The first race at the Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world
1914 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent at the Battle of Bita Paka
1916 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses, killing 11 men. The bridge previously collapsed completely on August 29, 1907
1919 U.S. Marines invade Honduras
1921 Nahalal, the first moshav in Palestine, is settled as part of a Zionist plan to colonize Palestine and creating a Jewish state, later to be Israel
1922 The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia
1922 One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia's predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded
1931 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Lucky Luciano's hitmen
1932 Franciszek Żwirko and Stanisław Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed when their RWD 6 airplane crashes during a storm
1939 World War II: Canada declares war on Germany, the country's first independent declaration of war
1940 George Stibitz performs the first remote operation of a computer
1941 Ground is broken for the construction of The Pentagon
1941 Charles Lindbergh's Des Moines Speech accusing the British, Jews and the Roosevelt administration of pressing for war with Germany
1943 World War II: German troops occupy Corsica and Kosovo-Metohija
1943 World War II: Start of the liquidation of the Ghettos in Minsk and Lida by the Nazis
1944 World War II: The first Allied troops of the U.S. Army cross the western border of Germany
1944 World War II: RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt and the following firestorm kill 11,500