September 12 in history

September 12 events chronologically

372 Sixteen Kingdoms: Jin Xiaowudi, age 10, succeeds his father Jin Jianwendi as Emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty
1185 Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos brutally put to death in Constantinople
1213 Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Battle of Muret
1229 The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island
1309 The First Siege of Gibraltar takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile against the Emirate of Granada resulting in a Castilian victory
1609 Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen
1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna – several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire

Top 7 most famous people born on September 12

1852 H. H. Asquith Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, KC, PC , served as the Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916. Until 5 January 1988, he had been the longest continuously serving Prime Minister in the 20th century
1913 Jesse Owens an American track and field athlete and four-time Olympic gold medalist.
1921 Stanisław Lem a Polish writer of science fiction, philosophy and satire. His books have been translated into 41 languages and have sold over 45 million copies. From 1950s to 2000s he published many books, both science fiction and philosophical/futurological. He is best known as the author of the 1961 novel Solaris, which has been made into a feature film three times. In 1976 Theodore Sturgeon wrote that Lem was the most widely read science-fiction writer in the world
1951 Bertie Ahern a former Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as Taoiseach of Ireland from 26 June 1997 to 7 May 2008.
1956 Sam Brownback an American politician currently serving as the 46th Governor of Kansas. A member of the Republican Party, Brownback was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives during the Republican Revolution of 1994, representing Kansas's 2nd congressional district for a single term, before running in a 1996 special election for the Senate seat previously held by Bob Dole. He won that election, and two regular elections following, serving till 2011. He ran for president in 2008, but withdrew before the primaries began and endorsed eventual Republican nominee John McCain. He was elected Governor of Kansas in 2010 and took office in January 2011
1980 Yao Ming a retired Chinese professional basketball player who played for the Houston Rockets of the National Basketball Association. At the time of his final season, he was the tallest active player in the NBA, at 2.29 As of 2014, he is the 31st tallest person alive
1986 Emmy Rossum an American actress and singer-songwriter. She has starred in movies including Songcatcher , An American Rhapsody, and Passionada. Her role in Mystic River garnered her wider recognition. She starred in the blockbuster film The Day After Tomorrow and received critical acclaim for her performance in The Phantom of the Opera. She has since starred in Poseidon , Dragonball: Evolution , Dare and Beautiful Creatures

Top 7 most famous people died on September 12

1764 Jean-Philippe Rameau one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era. He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of French opera and is also considered the leading French composer for the harpsichord of his time, alongside François Couperin
1977 Robert Lowell an American poet. He was born into a Boston Brahmin family that could trace its origins back to the Mayflower. His family, past and present, were important subjects in his poetry. Growing up in Boston also informed his poems, which were frequently set in Boston and the New England region. The literary scholar Paula Hayes believes that Lowell mythologized New England, particularly in his early work
1981 Eugenio Montale an Italian poet, prose writer, editor and translator, and recipient of the 1975 Nobel Prize in Literature. He is widely considered the greatest Italian lyric poet since Giacomo Leopardi. In 1973 he was awarded the Golden Wreath of the Struga Poetry Evenings in Struga, Macedonia
1993 Raymond Burr a Canadian-American actor, primarily known for his title roles in the television dramas Perry Mason and Ironside. He also had prominent involvement in multiple charitable endeavors, such as working on behalf of the United Service Organizations
2003 Johnny Cash a singer-songwriter, actor, and author, widely considered one of the most influential American musicians of the 20th century. Although primarily remembered as a country music icon, his genre-spanning songs and sound embraced rock and roll, rockabilly, blues, folk, and gospel. This crossover appeal won Cash the rare honor of multiple induction in the Country Music, Rock and Roll, and Gospel Music Halls of Fame
2009 Norman Borlaug an American biologist, humanitarian and Nobel laureate who has been called "the father of the Green Revolution", "agriculture's greatest spokesperson" and "The Man Who Saved A Billion Lives". He is one of seven people to have won the Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal and was also awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian honor
2014 Ian Paisley a Unionist politician and Protestant religious leader from Northern Ireland.