Born on September 12

346 Maximin of Trier the fifth bishop of Trier, according to the list provided by the diocese's website, taking his seat in 341/342. Maximin was an opponent of Arianism, and was supported by the courts of Constantine II and Constans, who harboured as an honored guest Athanasius twice during his exile from Alexandria, in 336-37, before he was bishop, and again in 343. In the Arian controversy he had begun in the party of Paul of Constantinople; however, he took part in the synod of Sardica convoked by Pope Julius I , and when four Arian bishops consequently came from Antioch to Trier with the purpose of winning Emperor Constans to their side, Maximinus refused to receive them and induced the emperor to reject their proposals
1012 Ad-Da'i Yusuf an imam of the Zaidi state in Yemen who ruled for two highly turbulent terms.
1492 Lorenzo de' Medici Duke of Urbino the ruler of Florence from 1513 to his death in 1519. He was also Duke of Urbino from 1516 to 1519. His illegitimate son, Alessandro de' Medici, became the first Duke of Florence
1494 Francis I of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1515 until his death. He was the son of Charles, Count of Angoulême, and Louise of Savoy. He succeeded his cousin and father-in-law Louis XII, who died without a male heir
1605 William Dugdale an English antiquary and herald. As a scholar he was influential in the development of medieval history as an academic subject
1655 Sébastien de Brossard a French music theorist, composer and collector.
1659 Dirk Maas a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
1688 Ferdinand Brokoff a sculptor and carver of the Baroque era.
1690 Peter Dens a Flemish Roman Catholic theologian.
1699 John Martyn (botanist) an English botanist. He is best known for his Historia Plantarum Rariorum , and his translation, with valuable agricultural and botanical notes, of the Eclogues and Georgics of Virgil
1725 Guillaume Le Gentil a French astronomer.
1736 Hsinbyushin king of the Konbaung dynasty of Burma from 1763 to 1776. The second son of the dynasty founder Alaungpaya is best known for his wars with China and Siam, and is considered the most militaristic king of the dynasty. His successful defense against four Chinese invasions preserved Burmese independence. His invasion of Siam ended Siam's Ayutthaya Dynasty. The near simultaneous victories over China and Siam has been referred to as testimony "to a truly astonishing elan unmatched since Bayinnaung." He also raised the Shwedagon Pagoda to its current height in April 1775
1740 Johann Heinrich Jung a German author.
1748 Johann Kollowrat Feldmarschall Johann Karl, Graf von Kollowrat-Krakowsky joined the Austrian army, fought against the Kingdom of Prussia and Ottoman Turkey before being promoted to general officer rank. During combat against the French in the French Revolutionary Wars, he first became known as an artillery specialist. In the Napoleonic Wars, he commanded corps in the 1805 and 1809 campaigns. He became the Proprietor of an Austrian infantry regiment in 1801 and held that position until his death
1767 Thomas Smith (English painter) a landscape painter and father of John Raphael Smith of Derby. Smith painted many landscapes including historic houses like Chatsworth and views of the Lake District
1768 Benjamin Carr an American composer, singer, teacher, and music publisher. Born in London, he studied organ with Charles Wesley and composition with Samuel Arnold. In 1793 he traveled to Philadelphia with a stage company, and a year later went with the same company to New York, where he stayed until 1797. Later that year he moved to Philadelphia, where he became a prominent member of the city’s musical life. He was "decidedly the most important and prolific music publisher in America during the 1790s , conducting, in addition to his Philadelphia business, a New York branch from 1794 to 1797, when it was acquired by James Hewitt"
1786 Gustav Heinrich von Bongard a German botanist, who worked at Saint Petersburg, Russia.
1786 Jean-Louis Tulou a French flute teacher, player and instrument maker.
1788 Alexander Campbell (clergyman) historically known as the Restoration Movement, and by some as the "Stone-Campbell Movement." It resulted in the development of non-denominational Christian churches, which stressed reliance on Scripture and few essentials.:111 Campbell was influenced by similar efforts in Scotland, before emigrating to the United States. He was influenced by James and Robert Haldane, who emphasized a return to original Christianity as found in the New Testament. In 1832, the group of reformers led by the Campbells merged with a similar effort that began under the leadership of Barton Stone in Kentucky.:112 Their congregations identified as Disciples of Christ or Christian churches. Several American church groups have historical roots in the Campbells' efforts, including the Churches of Christ, the Christian churches and churches of Christ, Evangelical Christian Church in Canada, and the Christian Church. Alexander Campbell founded Bethany College in Bethany, West Virginia
1797 Samuel Joseph May a radical American reformer during the nineteenth century, championed multiple reform movements including education, women’s rights, and abolitionism. He was born on September 12, 1797 in an upper class Boston area. May was the son of Colonel Joseph May, a merchant, and Dorothy Sewell, who was descended from or connected to many of the leading families of colonial Massachusetts, including the Quincys and the Hancocks. His sister was Abby May Alcott, mother of novelist Louisa May Alcott. In 1825, he married Lucretia Flagge Coffin with whom he had five children. The oldest died as a toddler, but May saw this event as a sacrifice he had to make for the purity of his own soul
1800 Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant a leading French chess master and an editor of the chess periodical Le Palamède. He is best known for losing a match against Howard Staunton in 1843 that is often considered to have been an unofficial match for the World Chess Championship
1803 Auguste Brizeux a French poet. He was said to belong to a family of Irish origin, long settled in Brittany. He was educated for the law, but in 1827 he produced at the Théâtre Français a one-act verse comedy, Racine, in collaboration with Philippe Busoni
1806 Andrew Hull Foote an American naval officer who was noted for his service in the American Civil War and also for his contributions to several naval reforms in the years prior to the war. When the war came, he was appointed to command of the Western Gunboat Flotilla, predecessor of the Mississippi River Squadron. In that position, he led the gunboats in the Battle of Fort Henry. For his services with the Western Gunboat Flotilla, Foote was among the first naval officers to be promoted to the then-new rank of rear admiral
1808 August von Werder a Prussian general.
1809 Julius von Bose a Prussian general who commanded the Prussian XI Corps during the Franco-Prussian War.
1810 Ernest Courtot de Cissey a French general.
1810 Philip Francis Thomas an American lawyer and politician.
1811 James Hall (paleontologist) an American geologist and paleontologist. He was a noted authority on stratigraphy and had an influential role in the development of paleontology in the United States
1811 Max Haushofer a German landscape painter and professor of landscape painting at the Prague Academy of Fine Arts.
1811 William Bell Scott a Scottish poet, artist and occasional engraver.
1812 Edward Shepherd Creasy an English historian and jurist.
1812 Friedrich August Rudolph Kolenati a Czech-German botanist and zoologist active primarily in Prague and Brno.
1812 Richard March Hoe an American inventor who designed an improved printing press.
1814 August Cieszkowski a Polish philosopher, economist and social and political activist. His Hegelian philosophy influenced the young Karl Marx and action theorists
1815 Louis René Tulasne Étienne Tulasne, a.k.a. Edmond Tulasne was a French botanist and mycologist born in Azay-le-Rideau
1816 Maximilien Chaudoir a Russian entomologist. He was a specialist in Coleoptera and in particular the Carabidae. His Cicindelidae are conserved by the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris. His Carabidae were acquired by Charles Oberthür , then given to the same museum. He wrote Mémoire sur la famille des Carabiques, 6 volumes commencing 1848
1818 Theodor Kullak a German pianist, composer, and teacher. He was born in Krotoschin and died in Berlin
1818 Richard Jordan Gatling an American inventor best known for his invention of the Gatling gun, the first successful machine gun.
1823 Kornel Ujejski a Polish poet, patriot and political writer of the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary.
1829 Anselm Feuerbach a German painter. He was the leading classicist painter of the German 19th-century school
1830 William Sprague IV the 27th Governor of Rhode Island from 1860 to 1863, and U.S. Senator from 1863 to 1875. He participated in the First Battle of Bull Run during the American Civil War
1837 Louis IV Grand Duke of Hesse the Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, reigning from 13 June 1877 until his death. Through his own and his children's marriages he was connected to the British Royal Family, to the Imperial House of Russia and other Royal Houses of Europe
1838 Arthur Auwers a German astronomer. Auwers was born in Göttingen to Gottfried Daniel Auwers and Emma Christiane Sophie
1839 Fyodor Avelan an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy, noted for his role in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. Although castigated by the Russian government for the defeat of Russia in that war, he subsequently served on the Board of Admiralty and was member of the State Council
1841 Anton Menger an Austrian juridical expert and social theorist who aside from his collegiate works predominantly dedicated himself to propagating socialist literature on juridical grounds. He is the author of "The Right to the Whole Produce of Labor", "The Civil Law and the Poor" among others. He is Austrian economist Carl Menger's brother
1841 Eugene Delmar one of the leading United States chess masters of 19th century and the four-time New York State champion in 1890, 1891, 1895 and 1897. He won a match against Robert Henry Barnes with only a single draw
1842 Marianne Brandt (contralto) an Austrian operatic singer with an international reputation.
1844 Wu Changshuo a prominent painter, calligrapher and seal artist of the late Qing Period.
1844 Rudolph Scheffer a Dutch botanist.
1846 Anna Dostoyevskaya a Russian memoirist, stenographer, assistant, and the second wife of Fyodor Dostoyevsky. She was also one of the first female philatelists in Russia. She wrote two biographical books about Fyodor Dostoyevsky: Anna Dostoyevskaya's Diary in 1867, which was published in 1923 after her death, and Memoirs of Anna Dostoyevskaya , published in 1925