Born on September 13

64 Julia Flavia the daughter and only child to Emperor Titus from his second marriage to the well-connected Marcia Furnilla. Her parents divorced when Julia was an infant, due to her mother's family being connected to the opponents of Roman Emperor Nero. In 65, after the failure of the Pisonian conspiracy, the family of Marcia Furnilla was disfavored by Nero. Julia's father, Titus considered that he didn't want to be connected with any potential plotters and ended his marriage to Marcia Furnilla. Julia was raised by her father. Julia had been born in Rome and Titus conquered Jerusalem on Julia's sixth birthday
678 K'inich Ahkal Mo' Naab' III a monarch of the Maya city-state of Palenque. He took the throne on 3 January 722 and reigned at least into 729; his date of death is unknown
864 Pietro Tradonico the Doge of Venice from 836 to 864. He was, according to tradition, the thirteenth doge, though historically he is only the eleventh. His election broke the power of the Participazio. He was illiterate, and forced to sign all state documents with the signum manus. He was a warrior, not an administrator
908 Cormac mac Cuilennáin an Irish bishop and was king of Munster from 902 until his death. He was killed fighting in Leinster, probably attempting to restore the fortunes of the kings of Munster by reimposing authority over that province
1087 John II Komnenos Byzantine Emperor from 1118 to 1143. Also known as "John the Beautiful" or "John the Good" , he was the eldest son of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina and the second emperor to rule during the Komnenian restoration of the Byzantine Empire. John was a pious and dedicated monarch who was determined to undo the damage his empire had suffered following the battle of Manzikert, half a century earlier
1475 Cesare Borgia an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal. He was the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI and his long-term mistress Vannozza dei Cattanei. He was the brother of Lucrezia Borgia; Giovanni Borgia , Duke of Gandia; and Gioffre Borgia , Prince of Squillace. He was half-brother to Don Pedro Luis de Borja and Girolama de Borja, children of unknown mothers
1520 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State and Lord High Treasurer from 1572. He was the founder of the Cecil dynasty which has produced many politicians including two Prime Ministers
1564 Vincenzo Giustiniani an aristocratic Italian banker, art collector and intellectual of the late 16th and early 17th centuries, known today largely for the Giustiniani art collection, assembled at Palazzo Giustiniani, close by the Pantheon, Rome, and at the family palazzo at Bassano by Vincenzo and his brother, Cardinal Benedetto, and for his patronage of the artist Caravaggio.
1594 Francesco Manelli a Roman Baroque composer, particularly of opera; and theorbo player. He is most well known for his collaboration with fellow Roman composer Benedetto Ferrari in bringing commercial opera to Venice. The first two works, in 1637 and 1638, to be put on commercially in the Teatro San Cassiano were both by Manelli - his L'Andromeda and La Maga Fulminata
1601 Jan Brueghel the Younger a Flemish Baroque painter, and the son of Jan Brueghel the Elder.
1604 Sir William Brereton 1st Baronet an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1628 and 1659. He was a commander in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War
1617 Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg a Duchess consort of Courland. She was politically active during her tenure as duchess consort
1630 Olaus Rudbeck a Swedish scientist and writer, professor of medicine at Uppsala University and for several periods rector magnificus of the same university. He was born in Västerås, the son of Bishop Johannes Rudbeckius, who was personal chaplain to King Gustavus Adolphus, and the father of botanist Olof Rudbeck the Younger. Rudbeck is primarily known for his contributions in two fields: human anatomy and linguistics, but he was also accomplished in many other fields including music and botany
1676 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans a French petite-fille de France and by marriage to Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, duchess and later regent of Lorraine and Bar. She was also suo jure Princess of Commercy. Among her children was Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, a co-founder of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
1723 François Joseph Paul de Grasse a French admiral. He is best known for his command of the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake, which led directly to the British surrender at Yorktown
1739 Jan Krzysztof Kluk a Polish naturalist agronomist and entomologist.
1750 Giuseppe Albani an Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal. Although never a candidate for the Papacy, his role in the election of Leo XII, Pius VIII and Gregory XVI is well-known to papal historians
1750 Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell a German landscape gardener from Weilburg an der Lahn.
1751 Hendrik Kobell an 18th-century landscape and marine painter, etcher, draftsman and watercolorist from the Northern Netherlands.
1755 Oliver Evans an American inventor, engineer and businessman. A pioneer in the fields of automation, materials handling and steam power, Evans was one of the most prolific and influential inventors in the early years of the United States. He left behind a long series of accomplishments, from designing or building the first fully automated industrial process; high-pressure steam engine; and amphibious vehicle
1762 Antoine Christophe Merlin a member of several legislative bodies during the era of the French Revolution. He is usually called "Merlin de Thionville" to distinguish him from Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai
1764 Richard Edgcumbe 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe a British politician and writer on music.
1766 Samuel Wilson purportedly the source of the personification of the United States known as "Uncle Sam".
1775 Laura Secord a Canadian heroine of the War of 1812. She is known for having walked 20 miles out of American-occupied territory in 1813 to warn British forces of an impending American attack. Her contribution to the war was little known during her lifetime, but since her death she has been frequently honoured in Canada. Though Secord had no relation to it, most Canadians associate her with the Laura Secord Chocolates company, named after her on the centennial of her walk
1802 Arnold Ruge a German philosopher and political writer.
1803 Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard Grandville generally known by the pseudonym of Jean-Jacques or J. Grandville, was a French caricaturist
1803 Maurycy Mochnacki a Polish literary, theatre and music critic, publicist, journalist, pianist, historian and independence activist. One of the main theorists of Polish Romanticism. He joined the November Uprising in 1830 taking part in several battles for example at Stoczek, Ostrołęka, Grochów and Wawer. For that activity he was promoted to officer rank and awarded the War Order of Virtuti Militari, which is the highest Polish military decoration
1813 Auguste Maquet a French author, best known as the chief collaborator of French novelist Alexandre Dumas, père, co-writing such works as The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers.
1813 Valérie de Gasparin a Swiss woman of letters.
1813 John Sedgwick a teacher, a career military officer, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War. He was the highest ranking Union casualty in the Civil War, killed by a sharpshooter at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
1817 John M. Palmer (politician) an Illinois resident, an American Civil War General who fought for the Union, the 15th Governor of Illinois, and presidential candidate of the National Democratic Party in the 1896 election on a platform to defend the gold standard, free trade, and limited government.
1818 Gustave Aimard the author of numerous books about Latin America.
1819 Clara Schumann a German musician and composer, considered one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era. She exerted her influence over a 61-year concert career, changing the format and repertoire of the piano recital and the tastes of the listening public. Her husband was the composer Robert Schumann. Together they encouraged Johannes Brahms. She was the first to perform publicly any work by Brahms. She later premiered some other pieces by Brahms, notably the Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel
1822 Félix-Joseph Barrias a French painter. He was well known in his day for his paintings on religious, historical or mythical subjects, but has now been largely forgotten. Artists who trained in his studio and went on to achieve fame include Edgar Degas, Gustave Achille Guillaumet and Henri Pille
1830 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach an Austrian writer. Noted for her excellent psychological novels, she is regarded—together with Ferdinand von Saar—as one of the most important German-language writers of the latter portion of the 19th century
1830 Konstantin Flavitsky a Russian painter.
1833 Lewis B. Williams Jr a Confederate Colonel during the American Civil War. He was killed during Pickett's Charge during the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg
1841 Walery Eljasz Radzikowski a Polish painter, illustrator, teacher of fine arts and photographer active during the foreign Partitions of Poland.
1842 John H. Bankhead a Democratic U.S. senator from the state of Alabama between 1907 and 1920.
1842 Ödön Mihalovich a Hungarian composer and music educator.
1842 Jan Puzyna de Kosielsko a Polish Roman Catholic Cardinal who was auxiliary bishop of Lwów from 1886 to 1895, and the bishop of Kraków from 1895 until his death in 1911. Receiving the red hat in 1901, he was known for his conservative views and authoritarianism
1843 Louis Duchesne a French priest, philologist, teacher and a critical historian of Christianity and Roman Catholic liturgy and institutions.
1844 Ludwig von Falkenhausen a German general most notable for his activities during World War I.
1848 Sergey Glazenap a Soviet astronomer, honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences , and Hero of Socialist Labor. A crater on the Moon and the minor planet 857 Glasenappia have been named after him
1851 Walter Reed a U.S. Army physician who in 1901 led the team that postulated and confirmed the theory that yellow fever is transmitted by a particular mosquito species, rather than by direct contact. This insight gave impetus to the new fields of epidemiology and biomedicine, and most immediately allowed the resumption and completion of work on the Panama Canal by the United States. Reed followed work started by Carlos Finlay and directed by George Miller Sternberg
1853 Sophia Perovskaya a Russian revolutionary and a member of Narodnaya Volya. She helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia
1853 Hans Christian Gram a Danish bacteriologist. He was the son of Frederik Terkel Julius Gram, a professor of jurisprudence, and Louise Christiane Roulund
1854 Hermann von Stein (1854–1927) a Prussian officer, General of the Artillery and Minister of War during World War He was a recipient of Pour le Mérite.
1856 Ignaz Jastrow a German economist and historian.
1857 Michał Drzymała a Polish peasant, living in the Greater Poland region under the Prussian rule. He is a Polish folk hero because, after he was denied permission to build a house on his own land by the Prussian authorities in the village of Kaisertreu, he bought a circus wagon and turned it into his home. At the time, Prussian law considered any dwelling a house if it remained stationary for more than 24 hours. Drzymała use the mobility of the wagon to exploit the law and to avoid the negative consequences by moving the wagon each day and thus preventing the Prussians the ability to penalize him. His dwelling became known as Drzymała's wagon , and gained notoriety when this case was described by the Polish and European newspapers, making fun of the Prussian state, and energizing the Poles living under the Prussian authority against it