Died on September 13

81 Titus Roman Emperor from 79 to 81. A member of the Flavian dynasty, Titus succeeded his father Vespasian upon his death, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to come to the throne after his own biological father
531 Kavadh I the son of Peroz I and the twentieth and twenty-first Sassanid king of Persia, reigning from 488 to 531. He was crowned by the nobles in place of his deposed and blinded uncle Balash
608 Eulogius of Alexandria Greek Patriarch of that see from 580 to 608. He is regarded as a saint, with a feast day of September 13
1119 Gleb Vseslavich the prince of Minsk between 1101 and 1119. During his reign Minsk was at war with Kiev and Polatsk. He started the Minsk branch of Prince of Polotsk as son of Vseslav the Seer
1190 Herman IV Margrave of Baden titular Margrave of Verona and Margrave of Baden from 1160.
1274 William Chillenden a monk at Christ Church Priory, Canterbury, and treasurer of that priory when he was elected Prior of Christ Church in 1263.
1336 John of Eltham Earl of Cornwall the second son of king Edward II of England and his queen Isabella of France. He was heir to the English throne from the date of the abdication of his father to the birth of his nephew Edward, the Black Prince
1409 Isabella of Valois Queen consort of England as the second spouse of King Richard Her parents were King Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.
1506 Andrea Mantegna an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son in law of Jacopo Bellini. Like other artists of the time, Mantegna experimented with perspective, e.g., by lowering the horizon in order to create a sense of greater monumentality. His flinty, metallic landscapes and somewhat stony figures give evidence of a fundamentally sculptural approach to painting. He also led a workshop that was the leading producer of prints in Venice before 1500
1517 Yunus Pasha an Ottoman statesman. He was Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire for eight months in 1517, serving from January 30 until his death on September 13
1557 John Cheke an English classical scholar and statesman, notable as the first Regius Professor of Greek at Cambridge University.
1565 William Farel a French evangelist, and a founder of the Reformed Church in the cantons of Neuchâtel, Berne, Geneva, and Vaud in Switzerland. He is most often remembered for having persuaded John Calvin to remain in Geneva in 1536, and for persuading him to return there in 1541, after their expulsion in 1538. They influenced the government of Geneva to the point that it became the "Protestant Rome", where Protestants took refuge and non-Protestants were driven out. Together with Calvin, Farel worked to train missionary preachers who spread the Protestant cause to other countries, and especially to France
1592 Michel de Montaigne one of the most influential writers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre. He became famous for his effortless ability to merge serious intellectual exercises with casual anecdotes and autobiography—and his massive volume Essais contains, to this day, some of the most widely influential essays ever written. Montaigne had a direct influence on writers all over the world, including René Descartes, Blaise Pascal, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Albert Hirschman, William Hazlitt, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Friedrich Nietzsche, Stefan Zweig, Eric Hoffer, Isaac Asimov, and possibly on the later works of William Shakespeare
1598 Philip II of Spain King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581. From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sicily as well as Duke of Milan. During his marriage to Queen Mary I , he was also King Consort of England and Ireland. From 1555, he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spanish as "Philip the Prudent" , his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippine Islands. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age. The expression "The empire on which the sun never sets" was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his possessions
1612 Karin Månsdotter Queen of Sweden, first a mistress and then, for a few months in 1568, the consort of Eric XIV of Sweden. The asteroid 832 Karin is named in her honour
1617 Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn a Prince-Bishop of Würzburg, Echter was born in Mespelbrunn Castle, Spessart and died in Würzburg.
1624 Ketevan the Martyr a queen of Kakheti, a kingdom in eastern Georgia. She was killed at Shiraz, Iran, after prolonged tortures by the Safavid suzerains of Georgia for refusing to give up the Christian faith and convert to Islam
1632 Leopold V Archduke of Austria the son of Archduke Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and the younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand II, father of Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Further Austria. He was Bishop of Passau and Strasbourg and Archduke of Further Austria including Tirol
1650 Ferdinand of Bavaria (bishop) Prince-elector archbishop of the Archbishopric of Cologne from 1612 to 1650 as successor of Ernest of Bavaria. He was also prince-bishop of Hildesheim, Liège, Münster, and Paderborn
1657 Jacob van Campen a Dutch artist and architect of the Golden Age.
1689 Ciro Ferri an Italian Baroque sculptor and painter, the chief pupil and successor of Pietro da Cortona.
1693 Flavio Chigi (1631-1693) an Italian Catholic Cardinal and Duke of Ariccia. He was Cardinal-Nephew to Pope Alexander VII and became a powerful political force inside the Roman Catholic Church during the latter half of the 17th century
1705 Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt a Field Marshal in the Austrian army. He is known for his career in Habsburg Spain, as Viceroy of Catalonia , head of the Austrian army in the War of Spanish Succession and governor of Gibraltar in 1704. He was known in Spanish as Jorge de Darmstadt and in Catalan as Jordi Darmstadt
1705 Imre Thököly a Hungarian noble, leader of an anti-Habsburg uprising, Prince of Transylvania, and vassal king of Upper Hungary.
1736 Caspar van Wittel a Dutch painter who made a career in Rome where he played a pivotal role in the development of the genre of topographical painting known as veduta.
1759 James Wolfe a British Army officer, known for his training reforms but remembered chiefly for his victory over the French at the Battle of Quebec in Canada in 1759. The son of a distinguished general, Lieutenant-General Edward Wolfe, he had received his first commission at a young age and saw extensive service in Europe where he fought during the War of the Austrian Succession. His service in Flanders and in Scotland, where he took part in the suppression of the Jacobite Rebellion, brought him to the attention of his superiors. The advancement of his career was halted by the Peace Treaty of 1748 and he spent much of the next eight years on garrison duty in the Scottish Highlands. Already a brigade major at the age of eighteen, he was a lieutenant-colonel by the age of twenty-three
1766 Benjamin Heath an English classical scholar and bibliophile.
1794 Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian a French poet and romance writer.
1800 Claude Martin an officer in the French, and later the British, army in India. He rose to the position of Major General in the British East India Company's Bengal Army. Martin was born in Lyon, France, into a humble background, and was a self-made man who has left a substantial lasting legacy in the form of his writings, buildings and the educational institutions he founded posthumously. There are seven schools named after him, two in Lucknow, two in Calcutta and three in Lyon. The small village of Martin Purwa in India was also named after him
1806 Charles James Fox a prominent British Whig statesman whose parliamentary career spanned 38 years of the late 18th and early 19th centuries and who was particularly noted for being the arch-rival of William Pitt the Younger. His father Henry, a leading Whig of his day, had similarly been the great rival of Pitt's famous father. Fox rose to prominence in the House of Commons as a forceful and eloquent speaker with a notorious and colourful private life, though his opinions were rather conservative and conventional. However, with the coming of the American War of Independence and the influence of the Whig Edmund Burke, Fox's opinions evolved into some of the most radical ever to be aired in the Parliament of his era
1808 Saverio Bettinelli an Italian Jesuit writer.
1810 William Cushing an early Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, from its inception to his death. He was the longest-serving of the Court's original members, sitting on the bench for 21 years. Had he accepted George Washington's appointment, he would have become the third Chief Justice of the United States
1813 Hezqeyas niguse negest of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Iyasu III
1815 Mihály Gáber a Slovene Roman Catholic priest, writer and the best friend of Miklós Küzmics. Küzmics was the standardizator of the Hungarian Slovene language, in this work Gáber also helped
1820 Princess Adelheid of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym a princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym by birth as a daughter of Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. As the wife of Duke Paul Frederick Augustus of Oldenburg she became a Duchess of Oldenburg by marriage
1826 Jacob Hübner a German entomologist. He was the author of Sammlung Europäischer Schmetterlinge , a founding work of entomology
1831 Alexander Rudnay a Hungarian Roman Catholic priest of Slovak ethnicity. He started as a parish priest, but later he became the Archbishop of Esztergom, the Prince Primate of the Kingdom of Hungary and a Cardinal
1841 Louis-François Bertin a French journalist. He had a younger brother – Louis-François Bertin de Vaux , two sons – Edouard François and Louis-Marie François , and a daughter - Louise Bertin
1848 María Isabella of Spain an Infanta of Spain and Queen of the Two Sicilies.
1848 Nicolas Oudinot a Marshal of France. He's known to have been wounded 34 times in battle
1859 Faddey Bulgarin a Russian writer and journalist of Polish, Bulgarian and Albanian ancestry whose self-imposed mission was to popularize the authoritarian policies of Alexander I and Nicholas I.
1860 Gabriele Ferretti an Italian Catholic cardinal and Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
1870 Karel Svoboda (artist) a Czech/Austrian painter, primarily of historical scenes, which are notable for their accurate detail. He worked in Prague and Vienna
1871 İbrahim Şinasi a pioneering Ottoman author, journalist, and translator, and newspaper editor. He was the innovator of several fields: he wrote one of the earliest examples of an Ottoman play, he encouraged the trend of translating poetry from French into Turkish, he simplified the Arabic script used for writing the Ottoman Turkish language, and he was one of the first of the Ottoman writers to write specifically for the broader public. Şinasi used his newspapers, Tercüman-ı Ahvâl and Tasvir-i Efkâr, to promote the proliferation of European Enlightenment ideals during the Tanzimat period, and he made the education of the literate Ottoman public his personal vocation. Though many of Şinasi's projects were incomplete at the time of his death, "he was at the forefront of a number of fields and put his stamp on the development of each field so long as it contained unsolved problems."
1872 Ludwig Feuerbach about the German philosopher.
1877 Maria Anna of Bavaria (1805–1877) Queen Consort of Saxony from 1836 to 1854.
1879 William Wilson Saunders a British insurance broker, entomologist and botanist.
1880 Pelegrí Clavé a Catalonian painter in the Romantic style who lived and taught in Mexico for many years.
1881 Ambrose Burnside an American soldier, railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a U.S. Senator. As a Union Army general in the American Civil War, he conducted successful campaigns in North Carolina and East Tennessee, as well as countering the raids of Confederate General John Hunt Morgan, but suffered disastrous defeats at the terrible Battle of Fredericksburg and Battle of the Crater. His distinctive style of facial hair became known as sideburns, derived from his last name. He was also the first president of the National Rifle Association
1885 Friedrich Kiel a German composer and music teacher.