Born on September 14

208 Diadumenian the son of the Roman Emperor Macrinus, and served his father briefly as Caesar and as Augustus. He was so named due to being born with a caul that formed a 'diadem'
919 Niall Glúndub a 10th-century Irish king of the Cenél nEógain and High King of Ireland. While many Irish kin groups were members of the Uí Néill, tracing their descent from Niall of the Nine Hostages , the O'Neill dynasty took their name from Niall Glúndub rather than the earlier Niall. His mother was Máel Muire, daughter of Kenneth MacAlpin, King of Scots
1032 Emperor Daozong of Liao now northeastern China. Succeeding his father, Xingzong, in 1055, Daozong ruled until he was murdered in 1101. He was succeeded by his grandson, Tianzuodi. He reigned from August 28, 1055 to February 12, 1101
1246 John FitzAlan 7th Earl of Arundel an English nobleman. He was also feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches
1401 Maria of Castile Queen of Aragon Queen consort of Aragon and Naples as the spouse of Alfonso V of Aragon. Maria acted as the regent of Aragon during the reign of her spouse, as he was absent during most of his reign; her regencies lasted between 1420 and 1423 and between 1432 and 1458. She was also briefly Princess of Asturias in her own right as the heiress presumptive to the throne of Castile
1465 Bernardo Accolti an Italian poet.
1543 Claudio Acquaviva Very Rev. Claudio Acquaviva, S.J. was an Italian Jesuit priest elected in 1581 the 5th Superior General of the Society of Jesus. He is often referred to as the second founder of the Jesuit Order. Some older texts, including those illustrated in this article, spell his name Aquaviva
1547 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt a Dutch statesman who played an important role in the Dutch struggle for independence from Spain.
1580 Francisco de Quevedo a Spanish nobleman, politician and writer of the Baroque era. Along with his lifelong rival, Luis de Góngora, Quevedo was one of the most prominent Spanish poets of the age. His style is characterized by what was called conceptismo. This style existed in stark contrast to Góngora's culteranismo
1618 Peter Lely a painter of Dutch origin, whose career was nearly all spent in England, where he became the dominant portrait painter to the court.
1632 Francis Hyacinth Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1637 to 1638 under regency of his mother Marie Christine.
1656 Thomas Baker (antiquarian) an English antiquarian.
1665 Jean-Baptiste Colbert marquis de Torcy a French diplomat, who negotiated some of the most important treaties towards the end of Louis XIV's reign, notably the treaty that occasioned the War of the Spanish Succession , in which the dying Charles II of Spain named Louis XIV's grandson, Philippe, duc d'Anjou, heir to the Spanish throne, eventually founding the line of Spanish Bourbons.
1698 Charles François de Cisternay du Fay a French chemist and superintendent of the Jardin du Roi.
1713 Johann Kies a German astronomer and mathematician. Born in Tübingen, Kies worked in Berlin in 1751 alongside Jérôme Lalande in order to make observations on the lunar parallax in concert with those of Nicolas Louis de Lacaille at the Cape of Good Hope
1721 Eliphalet Dyer a lawyer, jurist, and statesman from Windham, Connecticut. He was a delegate for Connecticut to many sessions of the Continental Congress
1736 Robert Raikes an English philanthropist and Anglican layman, noted for his promotion of Sunday schools. Pre-dating state schooling and by 1831 schooling 1,250,000 children, they are seen as the first schools of the English state school system
1737 Michael Haydn an Austrian composer of the Classical period, the younger brother of Joseph Haydn.
1742 James Wilson one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence. Wilson was elected twice to the Continental Congress, where he represented Pennsylvania, and was a major force in drafting the United States Constitution. A leading legal theorist, he was one of the six original justices appointed by George Washington to the Supreme Court of the United States
1750 Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoeveden a Russian infantry general and government official. Buxhoeveden commanded the Russian armies during the Finnish War
1760 Luigi Cherubini an Italian composer who spent most of his working life in France. His most significant compositions are operas and sacred music. Beethoven regarded Cherubini as the greatest of his contemporaries
1768 Marie Friederike of Hesse-Kassel a German noblewoman and by marriage Princess and later Duchess of Anhalt-Bernburg.
1769 Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal born at Meissen in Saxony, the son of a lawyer and was the father of Karl Eduard Zachariae.
1769 Alexander von Humboldt a Prussian geographer, naturalist, and explorer, and the younger brother of the Prussian minister, philosopher and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt. Humboldt's quantitative work on botanical geography laid the foundation for the field of biogeography
1773 Charles Lefebvre-Desnouettes comte Lefebvre-Desnouettes or Lefèbvre-Desnoëttes became a French officer during the French Revolutionary Wars and a general during the Napoleonic Wars. He later emigrated to the United States
1774 Lord William Bentinck a British soldier and statesman. He served as Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835
1784 Karl von Normann-Ehrenfels a Württembergian soldier who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. As a Philhellene he sailed to Greece to assist the Greek rebels in the Greek War of Independence, and died there of wounds received in the Battle of Peta
1788 Louis-Victor-Léon de Rochechouart a French general of the House of Rochechouart fighting in the Royalist, Imperial Russian and Bourbon armies of the Napoleonic Wars.
1791 Franz Bopp a German linguist known for extensive comparative work on Indo-European languages.
1801 William Mundy (MP) the son of Francis Mundy, a member of parliament for Derby. He was a Justice of the Peace, MP and, in 1844, High Sheriff of Derbyshire
1802 John Baldwin Buckstone an English actor, playwright and comedian who wrote 150 plays, the first of which was produced in 1826.
1804 John Gould an English ornithologist and bird artist. He published a number of monographs on birds, illustrated by plates that he produced with the assistance of his wife, Elizabeth Gould, and several other artists including Edward Lear, Henry Constantine Richter, Joseph Wolf and William Matthew Hart. He has been considered the father of bird study in Australia and the Gould League in Australia is named after him. His identification of the birds now nicknamed "Darwin's finches" played a role in the inception of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Gould's work is referenced in Charles Darwin's book, On the Origin of Species
1808 Rodolfo Amando Philippi a German–Chilean paleontologist and zoologist.
1817 Archduke Stephen Palatine of Hungary a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
1817 Theodor Storm a German writer.
1820 Václav Levý a Czech sculptor; considered to be one of the pioneers of the modern style in his country.
1823 William Patrick Adam a British colonial administrator and Liberal politician. He was twice First Commissioner of Works under William Ewart Gladstone and also served briefly as Governor of Madras between 1880 and 1881
1828 William Henry Brewer an American botanist. He worked on the first California Geological Survey and was the first Chair of Agriculture at Yale University's Sheffield Scientific School
1829 Katti Lanner a Viennese ballet dancer and choreographer.
1837 Nikolai Bugaev a prominent Russian mathematician, the father of Andrei Bely.
1837 Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau a princess from the House of Ascania. She was the third child of Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt and Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia
1842 Wilhelm Olivier Leube a German internist born in Ulm.
1843 Lola Rodríguez de Tió the first Puerto Rican-born woman poet to establish herself a reputation as a great poet throughout all of Latin America. A believer in women's rights, she was also committed to the abolition of slavery and the independence of Puerto Rico
1844 Hermann Joseph Klein a German astronomer, author and professor. Born in Cologne, Germany on September 14, 1844, he attained his doctorate from the University of Cologne in 1874, and taught at the school. He was a member of the Selenographic Society and the crater Klein on the Moon is now named after him
1847 Dimitar Grekov a leading Bulgarian liberal politician who also served as Prime Minister.
1847 Fanny Holland an English singer and comic actress primarily known as the creator of principal soprano roles in numerous German Reed Entertainments.
1847 Pavel Yablochkov a Russian electrical engineer, the inventor of the Yablochkov candle and the transformer and businessman.
1848 Filippo Camassei an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1906 to 1919, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1919.
1848 Adolf Albin a Romanian chess player, especially known for the countergambit that bears his name, and for the first chess book written in Romanian.
1850 Anton Mahnič a Slovene Roman Catholic bishop, theologian and philosopher, founder and the main leader of the Croatian Catholic movement.